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while loop in C

While loop is also known as a pre-tested loop. In general, a while loop allows a part of the code to be executed multiple times depending upon a given boolean condition. It can be viewed as a repeating if statement. The while loop is mostly used in the case where the number of iterations is not known in advance.

Syntax of while loop in C language

The syntax of while loop in c language is given below:

Flowchart of while loop in C

flowchart of c while loop

Example of the while loop in C language

Let's see the simple program of while loop that prints table of 1.

Output

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Program to print table for the given number using while loop in C

Output

Enter a number: 50
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
Enter a number: 100
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000

Properties of while loop

  • A conditional expression is used to check the condition. The statements defined inside the while loop will repeatedly execute until the given condition fails.
  • The condition will be true if it returns 0. The condition will be false if it returns any non-zero number.
  • In while loop, the condition expression is compulsory.
  • Running a while loop without a body is possible.
  • We can have more than one conditional expression in while loop.
  • If the loop body contains only one statement, then the braces are optional.

Example 1

Output

3 5 7 9 11

Example 2

Output

compile time error: while loop can't be empty	

Example 3

Output

infinite loop 

Infinitive while loop in C

If the expression passed in while loop results in any non-zero value then the loop will run the infinite number of times.

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