Javatpoint Logo
Javatpoint Logo

Difference between Discovery and Invention


Human progress and innovation have been driven by our innate curiosity and creativity. Two fundamental processes that have played a pivotal role in advancing knowledge and technology are discovery and invention. While they may seem similar, these two processes are fundamentally distinct, each with its unique characteristics and outcomes.

Throughout history, discoveries and inventions have helped us understand and study the microscopically hidden quantum world to the infinitely large expanse we call space. These discoveries and inventions have also shaped our modern world more than our minds can imagine. In this article, we will individually discuss Discovery and Inventions and compare their differences and connections.


Discovery refers to the act or process of finding, uncovering, or revealing something previously unknown, hidden, or not well-understood. It involves recognizing and understanding facts, phenomena, objects, or principles that exist in the natural world. Discoveries can occur in various fields, including science, mathematics, history, and more. They often result from careful observation, exploration, research, or experimentation.

Some famous examples of discoveries include the identification of DNA's double helix structure by James Watson and Francis Crick, the discovery of the laws of gravity by Isaac Newton, and the discovery of penicillin by Alexander Fleming.

These breakthroughs have had far-reaching consequences in their respective fields and have significantly shaped our understanding of science and medicine.

Difference between Discovery and Invention

Some key characteristics of Discovery

  1. Revelation of the Existing: Discoveries typically involve the recognition of something that already exists in the world but was not previously known or understood by the person making the discovery. It is about unveiling what was hidden.
  2. Observation and Inquiry: The process of discovery often starts with observation and a sense of curiosity. Scientists, researchers, explorers, and scholars frequently engage in systematic inquiry to make significant discoveries.
  3. Expanding Knowledge: Discoveries contribute to expanding our collective knowledge and understanding of the world. They can lead to breakthroughs in various fields and serve as building blocks for further research and innovation.
  4. Diverse Fields: Discoveries are not limited to one specific domain. They can encompass a wide range of subjects, from discovering new species in biology to discovering fundamental laws in physics or discovering historical artifacts.
  5. Historical Significance: Many discoveries throughout history have had profound impacts on society and culture. They have changed the way people perceive the world and have often led to advancements and improvements in various aspects of human life.


An invention is a novel creation or development resulting from human ingenuity and creativity. It refers to the process of conceiving and bringing into existence something entirely new or significantly improving upon existing concepts, products, methods, or technologies. Inventions can range from tangible physical objects and devices to intangible innovations and ideas.

Examples of notable inventions include

Difference between Discovery and Invention

The internet has transformed global communication and information-sharing.

The development of the polio vaccine by Jonas Salk helped eradicate a devastating disease.

Key characteristics of inventions include

  1. Creativity and Innovation: Inventions are marked by originality and innovation. They often require individuals or teams to think outside the box, solve complex problems, and come up with new solutions to meet specific needs or challenges.
  2. Practical Application: Inventions are typically designed with practical utility in mind. They are created to address real-world problems, enhance efficiency, improve quality of life, or advance various fields of human endeavor.
  3. Human-Centric: Inventions are products of human intellect and creativity. They reflect human aspirations, needs, and desires. Inventions can serve a wide range of purposes, from improving communication and transportation to revolutionizing healthcare and entertainment.
  4. Diverse Range: Inventions can encompass a vast array of fields and industries. They include technological advancements like the computer and the smartphone, scientific innovations such as the development of vaccines, and artistic creations like musical compositions and works of literature.
  5. Impact: Many inventions have had a profound impact on society and culture. They have transformed industries, changed the way people live and work, and influenced the course of history. Some inventions have even led to entirely new fields of study and economic sectors.

Difference between Discovery and Inventions

1. Nature of the Process:

a. Discovery

  • Discovery is fundamentally about finding or revealing something already existing in the natural world. It is often the result of observation, exploration, research, or investigation.
  • Discoveries are typically made by individuals or teams who are actively seeking to understand the world around them. They uncover aspects of reality that were previously hidden or not fully comprehended.

b. Inventions

  • Invention involves creating something entirely new or developing a new method, product, or technology. It is a creative and innovative process that often requires problem-solving and design.
  • iInventors conceive of novel solutions, products, or concepts based on their creativity and imagination. They may identify unmet needs or opportunities for improvement.

2. Outcome:

a. Discovery

  • The primary outcome of a discovery is the recognition or revelation of an existing fact, phenomenon, element, or truth. It is the act of bringing to light something already present but perhaps not yet understood or acknowledged.
  • Discoveries expand our knowledge and understanding of the natural world. They provide insights into how the universe operates and often lead to the formulation of new theories or principles.

b. Inventions

  • The central outcome of an invention is the introduction of something that did not previously exist. It is the act of bringing into being a new entity, idea, or technology.
  • iInventions have practical applications and are designed to address specific problems or challenges. They are intended to provide solutions or offer new capabilities.

3. Dependency on Prior Knowledge:

a. Discovery

  • Discoveries typically rely on existing knowledge, tools, or technology. Scientists and researchers build upon the work of their predecessors, using established methods and principles to make discoveries.
  • Discoveries contribute to the evolution of existing fields of study by adding to the body of knowledge and enhancing our understanding of the known world.

b. Inventions

  • Inventions can be less dependent on prior knowledge compared to discoveries. While they may build on existing knowledge or incorporate existing components, they often involve a significant degree of originality and innovation.
  • Inventions can lead to the creation of entirely new fields of knowledge or technology, as seen with the invention of the computer, which gave rise to the field of computer science.

4. Examples:

a. Discovery

Famous discoveries include

  • Sir Isaac Newton's discovery of the laws of gravity, which explain how objects are attracted to one another.
  • Alexander Fleming's discovery of penicillin, the first antibiotic.
  • The discovery of the structure of DNA by James Watson and Francis Crick, which revolutionised the field of genetics.

b. Invention

Notable inventions include

  • The Wright brothers' invention of the airplane, which revolutionized transportation.
  • Thomas Edison's invention of the phonograph, which allowed for recorded audio playback.
  • The development of the smartphone, which combined various technologies and created a new era of mobile communication and computing.

In summary, the primary distinction between discovery and invention lies in whether they involve finding something pre-existing in the natural world (discovery) or creating something entirely new through human creativity and innovation (invention). Both processes have profoundly impacted the advancement of knowledge and technology throughout history.


While discovery and invention are distinct processes with different outcomes, they do share some similarities, particularly in their contribution to human progress and knowledge advancement. Here are ways in which discovery and invention are similar

  1. Advancement of Knowledge: Both discovery and invention contribute to the expansion of human knowledge. Discoveries uncover hidden truths or phenomena in the natural world, enhancing our understanding of existing principles, while inventions introduce new concepts, technologies, or solutions that add to our collective knowledge.
  2. Innovation: Both processes involve elements of innovation and creativity. Discoveries often require creative problem-solving to reveal new aspects of the world, while inventions require creative thinking to develop novel solutions or concepts.
  3. Impact on Society: Both discoveries and inventions can have a profound impact on society, culture, and various industries. They can lead to advancements in technology, improvements in quality of life, and changes in the way people live and interact.
  4. Scientific Progress: Both processes play a crucial role in scientific progress. Discoveries can lead to the formulation of new scientific theories or principles, while inventions often result from the application of scientific knowledge to practical problems.
  5. Historical Significance: Many significant discoveries and inventions have left their mark on history, shaping the course of human civilization. They have often been catalysts for societal and economic transformations.
  6. Problem-Solving: Both processes involve problem-solving to some extent. Discoveries often involve identifying and addressing unanswered questions or unresolved phenomena, while inventions aim to solve specific problems or fulfill unmet needs.
  7. Cross-Disciplinary Nature: Discoveries and inventions can cut across various fields and disciplines. They may involve the convergence of knowledge and expertise from different domains to achieve breakthroughs.

In summary, while discovery and invention differ in their specific characteristics and outcomes, they share a common thread in their role as engines of progress, innovation, and knowledge enhancement in human civilization. Both processes have shaped our understanding of the world and our ability to adapt and thrive in it.

Connection between Discovery and Invention:

Discovery and invention are interconnected in several meaningful ways, often influencing and complementing each other in the process of human progress and innovation. Here's how they are linked:

  1. Inspiration for Invention: Discoveries can serve as a wellspring of inspiration for inventions. When researchers uncover new knowledge or reveal previously unknown phenomena, it can spark ideas for novel applications or technologies. For example, the discovery of electricity led to the invention of various electrical devices and power generation methods.
  2. Scientific Advancements: Discoveries in the realm of science frequently pave the way for new inventions. Scientific breakthroughs often provide the foundational knowledge and understanding necessary to develop innovative technologies. For instance, the discovery of the principles of electromagnetism laid the groundwork for the invention of telecommunication devices such as radios and televisions.
  3. Innovation Through Problem-Solving: Inventions often arise from the need to solve practical problems or address specific challenges. Discoveries can highlight these challenges by revealing gaps in our understanding or by pointing out areas where improvements are needed. Inventors then use this information to create solutions that bridge these gaps.
  4. Feedback Loop: The relationship between discovery and invention forms a feedback loop. Discoveries expand our knowledge, which, in turn, can stimulate further research and exploration. As more is discovered, inventors have a broader base of knowledge to draw from, leading to increasingly sophisticated inventions.
  5. Applications of Scientific Knowledge: Discoveries in scientific research are often the foundation for the development of new technologies and practical applications. For instance, the discovery of the principles of nuclear physics led to the invention of nuclear reactors and atomic energy.
  6. Validation and Practicality: Inventions can validate the practicality of certain scientific theories or discoveries. For instance, the development of technology like electron microscopes confirmed the existence of structures and phenomena at the atomic and molecular levels, validating earlier scientific discoveries.
  7. Acceleration of Progress: The interplay between discovery and invention accelerates the pace of progress. As new discoveries fuel innovative inventions, the rate of technological advancement increases, leading to rapid changes and improvements in various fields.
  8. Cross-Pollination of Ideas: Researchers and inventors often collaborate or share ideas, leading to cross-pollination between the worlds of discovery and invention. This exchange of knowledge can result in breakthroughs that wouldn't have been possible without the synergy of both processes.

In essence, discovery and invention are two sides of the same coin, working together to advance human knowledge, drive innovation, and shape the world we live in. They represent a dynamic and interconnected process that propels society forward, making possible the remarkable achievements and technological marvels of our time.


Discovery helps us see things we couldn't before. Whether it's spotting new animals or understanding how gravity works, discoveries expand our knowledge. Invention, on the other hand, is about coming up with brand-new ideas and solutions.

These processes are not isolated but interconnected. Discoveries frequently inspire inventions, and inventions often rely on prior discoveries. Scientific discoveries lead to technological innovations, while inventions can stimulate new avenues of scientific exploration. Together, they weave the intricate fabric of progress, enabling us to adapt, thrive, and transcend our challenges.

Youtube For Videos Join Our Youtube Channel: Join Now


Help Others, Please Share

facebook twitter pinterest

Learn Latest Tutorials


Trending Technologies

B.Tech / MCA