Arduino vs. Raspberry Pi
Arduino and Raspberry Pi are used as a tool for creating electronic projects.
The Arduino is considered a part of the Raspberry Pi.
The difference between Arduino and Raspberry Pi are listed in the below table:
- The Arduino is defined as a simple microcontroller motherboard.
- The Arduino helps us to make the projects simpler.
- It was developed to create microcontroller kits, which was used to build electronic devices.
- Most Arduinos come with an 8-bit Microcontroller.
- It has 32K bytes and 2K bytes of flash memory and SRAM. The flash memory consists of a stored sketch of Arduino, while SRAM manipulates the processing variables.
- It promotes C++ as the primary programming language.
- It has no Operating system. The software platform requires Windows, Linux, and macOS operating system to run the program.
- The types of Arduino are Started kits (for beginners), Arduino shields (printed circuit expansion boards), Standard Arduino boards, and boards with advanced features.
- The Arduino runs a single piece of code over and over again. Due to this, it starts quickly as soon as we ON the power.
- It is based on IDE (Integrated Development Environment), which is limited to the programming interface.
- The connection to the Internet is quite complicated.
- The Arduino project was started in Italy.
- The design of the Arduino board consists of different controllers and microprocessors. Some board also includes USB (Universal Serial Bus), models, and serial communication interfaces.
- The processor speed in Arduino ranges from 8MHz to 400MHz. The average speed of most of the types of Arduino is 16MHz.
- The projects of Arduino are connected to a computer using the USB port.
- The Analog to Digital converter is inbuilt in the Arduino.
- The Arduino UNO has 14 digital Input/Output pins, 6 analog pins, and power pins.
- The Raspberry Pi is defined as the mini computer.
- It is considered superior at software applications.
- It was developed to encourage basic learning for computer science students and other growing countries.
- It consists of a 64-bit quad-core processor or microprocessor.
- The Raspberry Pi has about 1GiB of RAM. Here, 1 GiB = 1024 x 1024 x 1024 bytes = (1024)^3 bytes.
- It promotes Scratch and Python as the chief programming language.
- The foundation of Raspberry Pi provides an operating system such as Linux. It also provides a non-Linux operating system, such as OpenBSD, NetBSD, HelenOS, etc.
- The types of Raspberry Pi are Raspberry Pi Alternatives, Raspberry Pi Zero W, and Raspberry Pi 3 Model B+.
- We can run all types of applications in Raspberry Pi, including Microsoft Office, emails, or specific code for an electronics project.
- We can run a single or different piece of code in Raspberry Pi.
- The Operating system in all the files is saved in the SD card. For one Raspberry Pi, we can have multiple SD cards for the different operating system or file system.
- It is consistent in many programming languages.
- It can be easily connected to the Internet.
- The Raspberry Pi Foundation developed the Raspberry Pi in the United Kingdom.
- The design of Raspberry Pi board consists of CPU (Central Processing Unit), GPU (Graphics Processing Unit), the graphics chip, RAM, Xbee port, Ethernet port, power source connector, UART (Universal Asynchronous Reciever/Transmitter), and GPIO (General-Purpose Input/Output) pins.
- The processor speed in Raspberry Pi ranges from 700MHz to 1.5GHz.
- The hard drive for the Raspberry Pi is the slot on the board, in which the SD card is inserted.
- The Analog to Digital converter is attached externally to the Raspberry Pi.
- The Raspberry Pi3 has 40 Input/Output pins on board.