Most Asked Express.js Interview Questions and Answers
Following is a list of most frequently asked Express.js interview questions and their best possible answers.
1) What is Express.js?
Express.js, or simply Express, is a free, open-source, lightweight, and fast backend web application framework for Node.js. It is released as open-source software under the MIT License.
2) What are some distinctive features of Express?
As Express is a lightweight, minimal and flexible Node.js web application framework, it provides a robust set of features for web and mobile applications. Following is the list of some distinctive features of this framework:
3) Is Express.js front-end or backend framework?
4) Why do we use Express.js?
Express.js is an automatically prebuilt Node.js framework that facilitates us to create server-side web applications faster and smarter. The main reason for choosing Express is its simplicity, minimalism, flexibility, and scalability characteristics.
5) What is the difference between Express.js and Node.js?
Some key differences between Express.js and Node.js:
6) How does an Express code look like?
The express.js program is saved with ".js" extension.
See the example:
When you run the Node.js command prompt, the app will listen at the specified server address and give the following output.
Welcome to JavaTpoint!
7) Write a code to get post a query in Express.js.
8) What do you understand by Scaffolding in Express.js?
Scaffolding is a technique used for creating the skeleton structure of an application. It facilitates users to easily create their public directories, routes, views, etc., or a web application skeleton. Generally, users manually create their public directory, add middleware, create separate route files, etc. Using a scaffolding tool, they can set up all these things to directly get started with building their application.
There are two ways to install Scaffolding and use it in your application.
Express application generator: This is used to create an application skeleton quickly. Use the following command to install the Express application generator.
By using the above command, a project named "myApp" will be created along with following the files/folders in the project.
Now, we have to install all the dependencies mentioned in the package.json file by using the following command:
Yeoman: Use the following command in your terminal to install Yeoman:
Yeoman uses generators to scaffold out applications.
9) Do Other MVC frameworks also support scaffolding?
The Scaffolding technique is also supported by other MVC frameworks other than Express. The following frameworks mainly support it: Ruby on Rails, OutSystems Platform, Play framework, Django, MonoRail, Brail, Symfony, Laravel, CodeIgniter, YII, CakePHP, Phalcon PHP, Model-Glue, PRADO, Grails, Catalyst, Seam Framework, Spring Roo, ASP.NET, etc.
Click here for more information on Scaffolding: https://www.javatpoint.com/expressjs-scaffolding
10) Which are the arguments available to an Express JS route handler function?
Following are the arguments that are available to an Express.js route handler-function:
Note: The third argument is optional and should be omitted; however, in some cases, it is helpful.
11) What is the difference between Express and Django?
Django is a standalone and lightweight web server for testing and development. On the other hand, Express.js is a Node.js framework that can set the middleware to reply to any HTTP request.
Following is a list of some key differences between Express.js and Django:
12) How can you enable debugging in Express.js app?
There are different ways to enable debugging in Express.js app in different Operating Systems
Use the following command on Linux:
Use the following command on Windows:
13) How can you allow CORS in Express.js?
We can allow CORS in Express.js, by adding the following code in server.js:
14) How can you deal with error handling in Express.js? Explain with an example.
Error handling is much easier in the Express versions over Express 4.0. Use the following steps to do the error handling:
Create an Express.js application. There is no built-in middleware like error handler in express 4.0, so you have to either install a middleware or create a custom one.
Create a Middleware:
Create a middleware as following:
Install Error Handler Middleware:
Install the errorhandler as following:
Create a variable:
Use the middleware as following:
15) Write the code to start serving static files in Express.js.
See the Example:
16) What is Middleware in Express.js? What are the different types of Middleware?
Middleware is a function invoked by the Express routing layer before the final request handler.
Middleware functions are used to perform the following tasks:
Note: If the current middleware function does not end the request-response cycle, it must call next() to pass control to the next middleware function. Otherwise, the request will be left hanging.
Type of Middleware
Following are the main types of Middleware:
Application-level middleware: The application-level middleware method is used to bind to the app object using app.use() method. It applies on all routes.
Router-level Middleware: The router-level Middleware is used to bind to a specific instance of express.Router().Built-in Middleware: The built-in Middleware was introduced with version 4.x. It ends the dependency on Connect.
There are the following built-in middleware functions in Express.js:
Third-party Middleware: There are many third-party middleware available such as:
To handle HTTP POST requests in Express.js version 4 and above, we have to install a middleware module called body-parser. Body-parser extracts the entire body portion of an incoming request stream and exposes it on req.body, The Middleware was a part of Express.js earlier, but now you have to install it separately. You can install it by using the following command:
You can load it by using requires and used later:
See the Example:
Note: You can use multiple middleware as an array on a single route.
See the Example:
17) Which template engines do Express support?
Express.js supports any template engine that follows the (path, locals, callback) signature.
18) How can we render a pain HTML?
There is no need to "render" HTML with the res.render() function. If you have a specific file, you can use the res.sendFile() function, but you should use the express if you serve many assets from a directory.static() middleware function.