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Spline in AutoCAD

  • The spline command in AutoCAD is used to create a smooth curve, which passes through a set of predefined points.
  • It creates a non-uniform curve passing through the points.
  • Thus, spline can be created by defining fit points or Control Vertices (CV) points.
  • The control vertices define a control frame, which is used to control the shape of the spline, while fit points coincided with the spline.

Let's understand by two examples.

Example 1: Using Fit points

The steps to create spline using fit points are listed below:

1. Select the Spline icon under the Draw interface from the ribbon panel, as shown below:

Spline in AutoCAD

Or

Type SPL on the command line or command prompt and press Enter.

2. Click on the 'Method' option on the command line, as shown below:

Spline in AutoCAD

3. Click on the 'Fit' option, as shown below:

Spline in AutoCAD

4. Specify the fit points by clicking with the help of the mouse. It is shown below:

Spline in AutoCAD

Continue specifying points and press Enter or Esc to exit.

The created spline is shown below:

Spline in AutoCAD

Example 2: Using CV

The steps to create spline using Control Vertices (CV) are listed below:

1. Select the Spline icon under the Draw interface from the ribbon panel.

Or

Type SPL on the command line or command prompt and press Enter.

2. Click on the 'Method' option on the command line, as shown below:

Spline in AutoCAD

3. Click on the 'CV' option, as shown below:

Spline in AutoCAD

4. Specify the vertices by clicking with the help of the mouse. It is shown below:

Spline in AutoCAD

Continue specifying points and press Enter or Esc to exit.

The created spline is shown below:

Spline in AutoCAD

Note: We can also create splines with a closed-loop. The shape depends on the points defined by us. We can define as many points according to our requirements.

Edit Control Vertices

Let's consider the above spline.

The steps are listed below:

1. Click on the spline.

The vertices on the spline will look like the below image:

Spline in AutoCAD

2. Click on any particular vertex. The operations such as Stretch, Add, Refine, and Remove can be performed on different vertices, according to the requirements.

3. Press the Ctrl button to switch between different operations.

Spline with degree

We can create a spline with any degree.

The steps to create such spline are listed below:

1. Select the Spline icon under the Draw interface from the ribbonpanel.

Or

Type SPL on the command line or command prompt and press Enter.

2. Click on the 'Degree' option on the command line, as shown below:

Spline in AutoCAD

3. Specify the degree of a spline.

4. Press Enter.

5. Specify the points by clicking with the help of the cursor.

The spline with a specified degree will be created.

For example, consider the below image:

Spline in AutoCAD

To convert spline into a polyline

The steps to convert a spline into a polyline are listed below:

1. Type SPLINEDIT on the command line.

2. Press Enter.

3. Select the spline to convert.

Spline in AutoCAD

The command line will look like the below image:

4. Type P and press Enter.

5. Specify the precision value between 0 and 99.

6. Press Enter.

The spline will be converted to the polyline.






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