List of Eye Diseases
There are many different types of eye diseases and problems. Some of the most prevalent causes of eye disorders include infection, allergies, vitamin inadequacy, chemical irritants, genetics, and smoking.
1. Behçet's disease
Behçet's disease is an uncommon condition in which your blood vessels are damaged. Many aspects of your body, including your eyes, might be affected by this. This is a long-term condition. However, you may experience remission, which is when your symptoms disappear. Although Behçet's illness has no cure, there are medications that can help you manage it.
Behçet's illness affects the eyes in about three out of four persons. Blurred vision, discomfort, and redness are some of the signs and symptoms.
2. Refractive errors
Refractive errors are a form of visual issue that makes seeing clearly difficult. They occur when the shape of your eye prevents light from properly focusing on your retina (a light-sensitive layer of tissue in the back of your eye).
Blurred vision is the most prevalent symptom. Double vision, hazy vision, and seeing glare or halo around bright lights are some of the other symptoms.
3. Vitreous Detachment
Vitreous is the name for the gel-like fluid that fills your eye. Hundreds of microscopic fibers connect to your retina in this structure (the light-sensitive layer of tissue at the back of the eye).
Vitreous fibers peel away from the retina as you become older. When your vitreous detaches, you may not notice it - or you may experience symptoms that compromise your vision. Consult your eye doctor if you experience symptoms of vitreous detachment.
4. Stargardt disease
Stargardt disease is a rare genetic eye illness in which fatty material accumulates on the macula, the small region of the retina responsible for clear, central vision.
Although vision loss normally begins in childhood, some patients with Stargardt illness don't lose sight until they are adults. Although there is no cure for Stargardt disease, individuals can benefit from vision rehabilitation to make the most of their remaining vision.
The most common sign of Stargardt sickness is a gradual loss of central vision in both eyes. Other symptoms include grey, dark, or hazy regions in the centre of your vision. The center vision of some persons diminishes faster than it does for others.
Astigmatism is a common eyesight condition that causes hazy or distorted vision. It occurs when the shape of your cornea or lens differs from normal.
You can improve your vision using eyeglasses or contact lenses, and some people can have their astigmatism corrected with surgery. Symptoms of astigmatism are Blurry vision, the need to squint to see clearly, headaches, eye strain.
Blinking or other uncontrollable eyelid movements, such as twitching, are known as blepharospasm.
Blepharospasm usually begins with minor eyelid twitches that occur on a regular basis. The twitching may become more frequent with time, causing your eyes to close entirely. It cannot be easy to conduct simple tasks like reading or driving as a result of this.
Blepharitis is a common eye disease that causes red, swollen, irritated, and itchy eyelids. It might leave your eyelashes with crusty dandruff-like particles. Blepharitis can be a bothersome condition. It isn't contagious, and it usually doesn't leave your eyes permanently damaged.
The basic treatment for blepharitis is to keep your eyelids clean and clear of crusts on a regular basis. Although blepharitis does not always go away completely, you can take actions to control your symptoms
Feeling like there's something in your eye is a common symptom of blepharitis. Eyes that are burning or hurting, Watery eyes, itchy eyes, light sensitivity, and dry eyes are all symptoms of dry eyes.
Retinoblastoma is a type of retinal cancer that develops. The condition mainly affects youngsters under the age of five, and it can affect one or both eyes. In some circumstances, the sickness is passed down from one parent to the other.
Retinoblastoma is deadly cancer that affects the retina. In most situations, however, a child's eyesight and life can be salvaged with early diagnosis and treatment.
Coloboma is a congenital disorder that affects the eyes. When a piece of the eye's tissue is missing, this happens. It might impair either one or both of your eyes. If your child has coloboma, consult your doctor to determine the best course of action for their treatment. Treatments are available to help people make the most of their vision.
Some patients with coloboma don't show any signs or symptoms. Others may experience vision difficulties such as vision loss or blindness, low vision, or light sensitivity.
Nearsightedness is a refractive defect that causes objects in the distance to appear fuzzy. It occurs when the shape of the eye causes light to focus in front of, rather than on, the retina (a light-sensitive layer of tissue in the back of the eye).
Trouble seeing things that are far away is one of the most prevalent symptoms of nearsightedness.