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List Of Pandemics

A pandemic is just the worst circumstance in the world of infectious diseases. When such an outbreak spreads beyond a country's boundaries, the condition is a pandemic. Infectious diseases occurred during the hunter-gatherer era of human history, but the move to rural life 10,000 years ago established societies that made epidemics more likely. During this time, diseases such as malaria, tuberculosis, leprosy, influenza, smallpox, and others arose.

There are numerous pandemics that have occurred in human history; read on to explore those pandemics in detail.

List Of Pandemics

1. COVID-19

List Of Pandemics

After sweeping through 114 nations in three months and infecting over lakhs of individuals, the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 as a pandemic on March 11, 2020. It is important to note that even after 2 years spreading has not even come close to being finished. COVID-19 is caused by coronavirus. It is a coronavirus variant that has never been discovered in humans before. Pulmonary issues, fever, cough, and loss of taste and smell are some of the common symptoms which ultimately lead to pneumonia and mortality. It's said to spread through sneezing particles, just like SARS.

Origin In Wuhan, A famous city in China, the first SARS-CoV-2 cases were detected.
Source After several studies, it is assumed that the main source of the Covid 19 is the Bat.
Symptoms There are many symptoms of this deadly disease, including cough, Fever, problems in breathing, etc.
Location Although It was firstly reported in China, it soon got spread worldwide.
Start Date The first case came into existence on November 17 2019, so it was given the name Covid 19.
End Date It is still not ended, but it is still being reported in some new variant that is even more deadly.
Total Cases Till now, it has affected more than 50 crores of individuals worldwide.
Total Death More than 62 Lakhs of people have died due to this deadly virus.

2. HIV/AIDS

List Of Pandemics

AIDS was first diagnosed in 1981. It weakens a person's immune system, thus resulting in mortality from illnesses that the body would normally fight off. HIV causes fever, headaches, and swollen lymph nodes in those who are infected. Carriers catch the infection through blood and vaginal fluid. Moreover, the illness kills t-cells in infected individuals. AIDS was initially noticed in gay societies in the United States in the 1920s, although it is said to have originated from a chimpanzee's virus from West Africa.

Origin In Belgian Congo, the first HIV/AIDS cases were detected.
Source After several studies, it is assumed that the main source of HIV/AIDS is the Chimpanzee.
Symptoms There are many symptoms of this deadly disease, including Fever, diarrhea, weight loss, rash, etc.
Location Although It is firstly reported in Belgian Congo, it soon spread worldwide.
Start Date The first case came into existence on June 05, 1981.
End Date It is not ended, as still it is being discovered in many individuals.
Total Cases It has affected more than 55.9 Million-100 Million individuals worldwide.
Total Death More than 36.3 million people have died due to this deadly virus.

3. Asian Flu

List Of Pandemics

The Asian flu, which began in Hong Kong and moved throughout China before reaching the United States, became common in England, killing 14,000 people in six months. In early 1958, a second wave struck, killing approximately 1.1 million population throughout the planet and approximately 116,000 only in the United States. The pandemic was effectively controlled due to the development of a vaccine.

Origin In China, the first Asian flu cases were detected.
Source After several studies, it is assumed that the main source of the Asian Flu is the mutation of the strain of wild duck into the human strain.
Symptoms There are many symptoms of this deadly disease, including weakness, Fever, chills, body aches, cough, and loss of appetite
Location Although It was first reported in China, it soon spread to major neighboring countries.
Start Date The first case came into existence in 1956.
End Date Got ended very soon in 1968 but affected many individuals in that period.
Total Cases Not Known
Total Death More than 1.1 million people have died due to this deadly virus.

4. Spanish Flu

List Of Pandemics

The 1918 flu pandemic was caused by a bird's viral infection that destroyed 50 million individuals throughout the world. It began in Europe, the United States, and portions of Asia before quickly spreading worldwide. There were no effective medicines or vaccinations available at that time to treat this deadly virus variant. The pandemic was named as "Spanish flu"

Hundreds of thousands of Americans had deceased by October 1918, and there was a severe shortage of body storage space. However, by the summer of 1919, most of those infected had gained immunity or had lost their lives.

Origin In Kansas, United States, the first case of Spanish Flu was detected.
Source After several studies, it is assumed that the main source of the Spanish Flu is the H1N1 Influenza A virus.
Symptoms There are many symptoms of this deadly disease, including Fever, Dry cough, sore throat , runny nose , cough, loss of appetite, etc.
Location Although It was first reported in the United States, it soon spread to major neighboring countries.
Start Date The first case came into existence in February 1918.
End Date Got ended very soon, in the year 1920, but affected many individuals in those periods.
Total Cases It has affected more than nearly 500 Millions individuals worldwide.
Total Death More than 50 million people have died due to this deadly virus.

5. Russian Flu

List Of Pandemics

The first significant flu outbreak started in Siberia and Kazakhstan, then traveled to Poland, Finland, and Moscow, from where it spread throughout Europe. By the next year, it had crossed the Atlantic and was in North America and Africa. 360,000 individuals had died by the end of 1890.

Origin Origin In the Soviet Union, the first case of the Russian Flu was detected.
Source After several studies, it is assumed that the main source of the Russian Flu is the Influenza A Subtype H3 (Possible H3N8 Subtype) virus.
Symptoms There are many symptoms of this deadly disease, including Fever, Dry cough, sore throat , runny nose , cough, loss of appetite, etc.
Location Although It is first reported in the Soviet Union, it soon spread to major neighboring countries.
Start Date The first case came into existence in 1889.
End Date Got ended very soon, in the year 1890, but affected many individuals in that period.
Total Cases Not Known
Total Death Nearly 360000 people have died due to this deadly virus.

6. Fiji Measles Pandemic

List Of Pandemics

Following Fiji's entry into the British Raj (in 1875), Queen Victoria sent a royal company to Australia as a reward. During the measles outbreak, the royal group carried the infection returning to their island. Moreover, it was carried further by the tribe chiefs and soldiers who dealt with them following their return.

The island was filled with bodies scavenged by wild animals, and the entire communities starved and villages were burnt. In fact, sometimes villages were burnt with the sick stuck inside the fires. Fiji's population was reduced by one-third, as 40,000 people died in this pandemic.

Origin In Fiji, the first case of this outbreak was detected.
Source After several studies, it is assumed that the main source of this pandemic was the Measles virus.
Symptoms There are many symptoms of this deadly disease, including Fever, malaise, loss of appetite, etc.
Location Although It is first reported in Fiji, it soon spread in major neighboring countries.
Start Date The first case came into existence in 1875.
End Date Still has not got ended completely.
Total Cases Not Known
Total Death Nearly 40000 people have died due to this deadly virus.

7. The Third Plague Pandemic

List Of Pandemics

The pandemic killed 15 million people, starting in China and spreading to India and Hong Kong. The disease, first transmitted by fleas during or after a mining boom in Yunnan ( during 1855 ), is thought to have played a role in the Parthay and Taiping rebellions. The disease was exploited as a justification for restrictive measures that caused some protest against the British, with India bearing the cost of the casualties. Until 1960, when the number of cases decreased to under a couple hundred, the outbreak was classified as active.

Origin In Yunnan, China, the first case of this outbreak was detected.
Source After several studies, it is assumed that the main source of this pandemic was the Bubonic plague diseases.
Symptoms There are many symptoms of this deadly disease, including headaches, weakness, loss of appetite, etc.
Location Although It was first reported in Yunnan, it soon spread worldwide.
Start Date The first case came into existence in 1855.
End Date Got ended in the year 1960 but affected many individuals in those periods.
Total Cases Not Known
Total Death Between 12-and 15, millions of people died due to this deadly virus.

8. First Cholera Pandemic

List Of Pandemics

It was the first of seven cholera pandemics that would occur during the next 150 years. It began in Russia (in 1817), where one million deaths were reported. The infection spread to British troops via feces-infected water and food, which they spread further to India, where thousands more died. Cholera spread over the British Empire as well as its fleet, killing 150,000 people in Italy, Spain, Africa, China, Germany, Japan, Indonesia, and the United States. In 1885, a vaccine was developed, but pandemics persisted.

Origin In Calcutta, British India (that time), the first case of this outbreak was detected.
Source After several studies, it is assumed that the main source of this pandemic was the Vibrio cholerae bacteria.
Symptoms Many symptoms of this deadly disease include thirst, vomiting, leg cramps, irritability, etc.
Location Although It is firstly reported in Culcutta, it soon spread to South Asia and Southeast Asia.
Start Date The first case came into existence in 1817.
End Date Got ended in 1824 but affected many individuals in that period.
Total Cases Not Known
Total Death More than one Lakh of people have died due to this deadly virus.

9. The Great Plague of London

List Of Pandemics

The bubonic plague made yet another terrible impact, killing 20% of London's population. Many cats and dogs were slain as the illness spread via ports along the River, while human death tolls increased and enormous tombs arose for the dead. Simultaneous, when this worst epidemic ended, there was another horrible event that took place i.e., the Great Fire of London, in the fall of 1666.

Origin In England, the first case of this outbreak was detected.
Source After several studies, it is assumed that the main source of this pandemic was the Bubonic plague diseases.
Symptoms There are many symptoms of this deadly disease, including headaches, weakness, loss of appetite, etc.
Location Although It is firstly reported in England, it soon spread to England's major cities.
Start Date The first case came into existence in 1665.
End Date Got ended in 1666 but affected many individuals in that period.
Total Cases Not Known
Total Death More than one Lakh of people have died due to this deadly virus.

10. The Black Death

List Of Pandemics

The bubonic plague's second big outbreak originated in Asia and moved west in caravans, killing one-third of the total global population. When plague patients arrived in the port of Messina in 1347 A.D., it entered through Sicily and spread quickly over Europe. Many remains died on the ground, causing a continual odor in cities. The pandemic made England and France so helpless that they declared a cease-fire in their struggle. When the pandemic affected economic conditions and demographics, the British political structure fell.

Origin In Afro-Eurasia, the first case of this outbreak was detected.
Source After several studies, it is assumed that the main source of this pandemic was the Bubonic plague diseases.
Symptoms There are many symptoms of this deadly disease, including headaches, weakness, loss of appetite, etc.
Location It remains only in the Afro-Eurasia zone.
Start Date The first case came into existence in 1346.
End Date Got ended in 1353 but affected many individuals in that period.
Total Cases Not Known
Total Death More than 70,000,000 people have died due to this deadly virus.

11. Leprosy

List Of Pandemics

Leprosy became a pandemic in Europe during the Middle Ages (11th century), resulting in the construction of many leprosy-focused clinics to handle many infected patients. Leprosy is a slow-moving bacterial disease that produces sores and abnormalities. It was once thought to be a karmic justice that spread in families, and this view resulted in value judgments and victim isolation. Hansen's syndrome is the modern name for the illness that still impacts tens of thousands of people each and every year. It can be dangerous if not treated immediately.

Origin In Europe, the first case of this outbreak was detected.
Source After several studies, it is assumed that the main source of this pandemic was the Leprosy bacteria disease.
Symptoms This deadly disease has many symptoms, including sores, weakness, abnormality, etc.
Location Not Known
Start Date 11th Century
End Date Not Known
Total Cases Not Known
Total Death Not Known

12. Justinian Plague

List Of Pandemics

The Justinian plague began in Egypt in 541 A.D and expanded into Palestine, the Byzantine Empire, and eventually the Mediterranean. The pandemic altered the empire's destiny, ending Emperor Justinian's ambitions to reconquer the Roman Empire and creating tremendous economic difficulties. Over the next two centuries, outbreaks killed about 50 million people or 26% of the total world's population. It's thought to be the first appearance of the bubonic plague, which caused swollen lymphatic glands in rats and was spread by fleas.

Origin In Egypt, the first case of this outbreak was detected.
Source After several studies, it is assumed that the main source of this pandemic was the Yersinia pestis disease.
Symptoms There are many symptoms of this deadly disease, including Fever, cough, gangrene, etc.
Location Egypt and its neighbor country
Start Date 541 AD
End Date 549 AD
Total Cases Not Known
Total Death More than 50 million people have died due to this deadly virus.

13. Cyprian Plague

List Of Pandemics

The Cyprian plague was first reported in 250 A.D and named after the first reported victim, a Christian bishop from Carthage. He was diagnosed with diarrhea, vomiting, throat ulcers, fever, and gangrene in the hands and feet. To minimize the risk of infection, city populations rushed to the countryside but instead spread the virus further. It may have begun in Ethiopia and traveled across Northern Africa, Rome, Egypt, and northward.

Origin In Carthage, the first case of this outbreak was detected.
Source After several studies, it is assumed that the main source of this pandemic was possibly smallpox.
Symptoms There are many symptoms of this deadly disease, including diarrhea, vomiting, throat ulcers, Fever, and gangrene.
Location Not Known
Start Date 250 AD
End Date 266 AD
Total Cases Not Known
Total Death Not Known

14. Antonine Plague

List Of Pandemics

During 165 A.D, The Huns were the first to be infected with smallpox, and the Antonine plague was possibly an early manifestation of the disease. The Huns subsequently infected the Germans, who infected the Romans, who ultimately spread the disease throughout the Roman empire with returning troops. Sore throat, fever, diarrhea, were some of its common symptoms. Moreover, if the sufferer lived long enough, mucus ulcers were among the symptoms. Emperor Marcus Aurelius was one of the victims of this ailment, which lasted until roughly 180 A.D.

Origin In Roman Empire, the first case of this outbreak was detected.
Source After several studies, it is assumed that the main source of this pandemic was possibly smallpox.
Symptoms There are many symptoms of this deadly disease, including diarrhea, vomiting, throat ulcers, Fever, and gangrene.
Location Not Known
Start Date 165 AD
End Date 180 AD
Total Cases Not Known
Total Death Not Known

15. Athens

List Of Pandemics

During the Peloponnesian War (430 B.C), the very first pandemic was recorded. The illness spread over Ethiopia, Libya, and Egypt before reaching the Athenian walls when the Spartans attacked the city of Athens. Approximately two-thirds of the people lost their lives during this outbreak. Fever, thirst, red skin, a bloody throat, and tongue and sores were among the indications. The epidemic, which was thought to be typhoid fever, severely debilitated the Athenians and was a major cause of their loss to the Spartans.

Origin In Ethiopia, Libya, and Egypt, the first few cases of this outbreak were detected.
Source Not Known
Symptoms There are many symptoms of this deadly disease, including Fever, thirst, red skin, a bloody throat, and tongue and sores.
Location Not Known
Start Date 430 BC
End Date Not Known
Total Cases Not Known
Total Death Not Known

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