Javatpoint Logo
Javatpoint Logo

Node.js Alternatives

What exactly is Node.js?

Node.js Alternatives

It is an open-source and cross-platform JavaScript runtime environment. It is a versatile instrument that is utilized for almost any task. Node.js runs on the V8 JavaScript engine using various platforms, including Windows, Linux, Unix, Mac OS X, etc. This allows Node.js to be very efficient.

Instead of creating a new thread for each request, a Node.js application runs in a single process. Node.js contains a set of asynchronous I/O primitives in its standard library to prevent JavaScript code from stalling. In general, Node.js libraries are meant to be non-blocking, with blocking behaviour being the exception rather than the rule.

When Node.js performs an I/O activity, such as reading from the network or accessing a database or filesystem, instead of halting the thread and spending CPU cycles waiting for a response, Node.js resumes the actions as the answer is received. This allows Node.js to handle thousands of concurrent connections with a single server without the overhead of thread concurrency control, which may be a significant source of mistakes.

Millions of front-end developers who write JavaScript for the browser may now build server-side and client-side code without learning a new language, thanks to Node.js.

The most current ECMAScript standards may be used without difficulty in Node.js since users do not have to wait for all of their users to upgrade their browsers - the user chooses which ECMAScript version to use by changing the Node.js version. Users can also enable specific experimental features by running Node.js with flags.

Why Node.js?

Node.js uses asynchronous programming. A web server's most common operation is to open a file on the server and return the content to the client.

PHP or ASP responds to the file request as follows:

  • Sends the job to the machine's file system.
  • Requires the file system to open and read it.
  • Sends the material back to the client.
  • Prepares to handle the subsequent request.

The following is how Node.js processes a file request:

  • Sends the job to the file system of the machine.
  • Prepares to handle the subsequent request.
  • The system reads the file, and the server returns the content to the client.

Node.js eliminates the waiting and simply continues with the subsequent request. It is memory efficient because it executes as single-threaded, non-blocking, asynchronous programming.

Features of Node.js

  • It has the ability to produce dynamic page content.
  • It has the ability to create, read, write, delete, and close files on the server.
  • It can collect form data.
  • It has the ability to add, remove, and modify data in databases.

Alternatives to Node.js

Below, we discuss some of the best alternatives to Node.js:


Node.js Alternatives

It is an open-source, server-side web app framework that offers sophisticated API real-time development, dynamic web page creation, Microservices, and web-based apps. It is powered by Microsoft and allows developers to construct interactive and data-driven apps that can be accessed through the Internet. This server-side technology includes a variety of controls such as buttons, text boxes, forms, and so on. It allows an Internet server to execute computer codes. It is a free framework that uses HTML, CSS, and JavaScript and is best for building websites and/or APIs that employ real-time technologies like Web Sockets.

Features of ASP.NET:

  • A straightforward and basic programming model
  • Simple maintenance and a service-oriented architecture
  • Proven code management processes
  • Seamless interaction with HTML, CSS, and JavaScript websites
  • Adding value with filters
  • Service utility for networking/Windows

2. AngularJS

Node.js Alternatives

It has helped to facilitate the building and testing of apps with MVC and MVVM architecture as an open-source, online, and mobile application framework powered by Google. It is a well-known toolkit for developing the most fantastic app development framework. It is an entirely expandable JavaScript framework that integrates seamlessly with third-party libraries. It may be inserted into HTML pages using the script tag. It is said to be great for single-page apps and is simple to learn. It is a framework for dynamic web programmes that may use HTML as a template language.

Features of AngularJS:

  • Quality-driven strategy
  • Reusability and two-way data binding
  • Development of customized widgets
  • Simple coding approach
  • An agile approach
  • Components that plug and play
  • Injection of dependency
  • Performance and speed
  • Code-free and deeply related

3. Ext JS

Node.js Alternatives

It is a popular and complete JavaScript app framework that works well as a Node.js alternative for developing interactive, data-rich, and cross-platform online apps using DOM scripting technologies DHTML and Ajax. It's a unified component framework for creating single-page apps for any modern device. Over 140 well-tested and pre-integrated UI components with stunning performance are included, including grids, pivot grids, HTML5 calendars, trees, lists, forms, D3 adapters, menus, panels, toolbars, and so on. Sencha's cross-platform tools help create full apps that are effective.

Features of Ext JS:

  • Improved user interface with cross-browser compatibility
  • Compatibility with all browsers
  • Suitable for enterprise-level applications
  • Easily creates desktop and mobile apps
  • Extends a set of widgets to provide a rich user interface
  • Improves team productivity
  • Provides a positive user experience
  • Built on the MVC/MVVM architecture

4. Elixir

Node.js Alternatives

It is a well-known alternative to Node.js. It is a dynamic, functional language for developing scalable and maintainable systems. It is open-source and works well with Mac, Windows, and Linux. Elixir develops scalable applications with the Erlang programming language since the code is horizontally and vertically scalable. There is effective resource management which helps numerous processes run concurrently and with equal efficacy. It provides its customers with rapid, easy, and simple development and code maintenance. Its fundamental principle lends itself well to the development of multiprocessor systems. It has certain unique qualities, such as hot code replacement, fault tolerance, and the ability to work in real time.

Features of Elixir:

  • Usable with dynamic typing
  • Ruby-style syntax
  • Built on top of the Erlang Virtual Machine
  • Concurrent, scalable, and trustworthy
  • Capable of executing business logic
  • Lightweight execution threads
  • Clear syntax and adaptability
  • Updated for distributed systems

5. Deno

Node.js Alternatives

It is a free, open-source, and secure JavaScript and TypeScript runtime. It is built with V8 - Google's runtime engine for JavaScript, Rust, and Tokio, supporting Mac, Windows, Linux, and other platforms. Deno's features are created so that they can improve Node.js's capabilities. It strongly emphasizes security, as the runtime cannot access the network, file system, or scripts. Deno loads modules via URLs, exactly like browsers. It compiles the whole source into a single file, providing a fantastic opportunity for developers to use Deno as an alternative to Node.js.

Features of Deno:

  • Compatibility with browsers
  • TypeScript support is provided without the use of configuration files.
  • Improved data URLs and compilation
  • Excellent performance thanks to the use of a V8 engine
  • It makes extensive use of optimization
  • JavaScript and TypeScript runtime security

6. Rebol

Node.js Alternatives

It is a well-known cross-platform programming language for network connection and data sharing. It helps create a client- and server-side Internet applications, multimedia, database, and other services. It is a multi-paradigm approach that includes many typing disciplines and data types. Rebol is said to be best suited for tiny domains. Data are simple to exchange, synchronization is simple, and archiving files is straightforward and rapid. It's a safe platform with strong data production, exchange, storage, retrieval, and management capabilities.

Features of Rebol:

  • Easy installation and compact dimensions
  • There is no requirement for a web browser.
  • Simple improvements are available.
  • It is easily distributable.
  • Dynamic and multi-paradigm
  • Computing is distributed appropriately
  • Easy to use and understand

7. Go

Node.js Alternatives

The Go programming language, powered by Google, is dependable, quick, and practical software syntactically similar to C. It has notable features like garbage collection, structural typing, memory safety, etc. It is simple to learn and master open-source language. It has a robust, standardized library with built-in concurrency. There is a growing ecosystem of tools, communities, and partners. It is a highly typed, compiled language designed to develop scalable and concurrent applications. Developers may use Google Cloud Function in Go to build their serverless computing platform.

Features of Go:

  • CLI (command-line interfaces)
  • Network and cloud services
  • DevOps and site uptime
  • Garbage collection and static typing
  • Support for concurrency
  • A robust library and community support
  • Competency evaluation
  • C++'s runtime efficiency

8. Ceylon

Node.js Alternatives

It is a general-purpose programming language with a structure similar to C# and Java. Ceylon has a reputation for producing numerous programmes while collaborating as teams. It is a statically typed object-oriented language with a blocked system. The compiler does a comprehensive and broad sort of checking. For statements, there is lexical scoping and recursive syntax. Ceylon is a robust, scalable, and fun development environment. Developers prefer it because of its cross-platform interoperability. Its code is modular and arranged into packages and modules, with modular repositories providing excellent support.

Features of Ceylon:

  • Cross-platform and modular compatibility
  • Platform libraries and simple generics
  • Object-oriented design
  • Flow-sensitive typing, type inference
  • Open-source and very compatible
  • Provides a new modular SDK
  • APIs for all jobs that are cross-platform

9. Ruby

Node.js Alternatives

It has a fan base and has been a popular interpreted programming language for many years. It, like Python, is a general-purpose language used for various applications such as prototyping, proof of concept, data analytics, and so on. Ruby on Rails, the programming framework with the highest popularity quotient, is its most common implementation. It is quicker and supports the .NET and Java Virtual Machine (JVM). It is a scripting language used in many forms of application development, including front-end, back-end, and web development. It has high-level grammar and is thus scripted accordingly, indicating that it is an interpreted language rather than a compiled one.

Features of Ruby:

  • Open source and freely accessible via the web
  • Object-oriented programming language
  • Interpreted general-purpose language
  • Related to the Ruby on Rails framework
  • Duck typing and dynamic typing
  • The valuable and artistic language
  • Handling exceptional situations
  • Language for server-side scripting

10. Perl

Node.js Alternatives

It utilizes the powerful family of two interpreted programming languages, high-level and general-purpose. It comprises Perl and Raku and has a growing user base from various work sectors. It provides its customers with powerful text processing capabilities and seems to be shell scripting, C/C++ interface, and SED. It is expandable with several globally available modules. This general-purpose language is mainly used for text processing, web development, system administration, GUI development, network programming, and other tasks. Because it is a highly competent and feature-rich language, Perl is a versatile and powerful alternative to Node.js.

Features of Perl:

  • Open-source and compatible with a wide range of OS systems
  • Integration of databases with third-party systems
  • Easily embeddable and extensible
  • Interfacing with C/C++ libraries
  • Strong, sturdy, and portable
  • Considered a language family
  • Text manipulation is mission-critical.
  • Unicode compatibility
  • Functional and procedural
  • Multipurpose and cross-platform

11. React

Node.js Alternatives

It is a JavaScript library developed by Facebook to construct dynamic and interactive apps and improve online web and mobile applications' UI/UX designs. React is an open-source and component-based front-end toolkit that helps developers to arrange the applications' user interfaces accordingly. By splitting code into components, React makes it easier to debug.

Features of React:

  • JSX (JavaScript Syntax Extension)
  • DOM Virtualization
  • Data binding is one-way.
  • Performance
  • Extensions
  • Conditional sentences
  • Components
  • Simplicity

12. Django

Node.js Alternatives

Lawrence journal world created it in 2003 and published it under the BSD licence in July 2005. DSF (Django Software Foundation) currently maintains its development and release cycle. It is a Python language web application framework. It is designed using the MVT (Model View Template) approach. Django's quick development characteristic makes it quite demanding. After gathering customer requirements, it takes less time to construct an application. This framework has a well-known tagline: "The web framework for perfectionists on schedule". We can build web apps in a fraction of the time by utilizing Django. Django is meant to handle much of the configuration automatically, allowing us to focus solely on application development.

Features of Django:

  • Quick Development
  • Secure
  • Scalable
  • Fully stocked
  • Versatile
  • Source Code
  • A large and well-supported community

Choosing a Viable Node.js Alternative

As the saying goes, everything has an alternative, and Node.js is no exception. Apart from Node.js, the well-compiled Node.js alternatives that are mentioned above give depth into the present technologies and are doing well. However, the relevance and popularity of Node.js remain almost unaffected. Organizations must determine which one amongst these alternatives must be used based on criteria such as resources, talents, project budgets and timeframes, organizational goals, processes, and so on.

Next TopicMilk Alternatives

Youtube For Videos Join Our Youtube Channel: Join Now


Help Others, Please Share

facebook twitter pinterest

Learn Latest Tutorials


Trending Technologies

B.Tech / MCA