Javatpoint Logo
Javatpoint Logo

Essay on Freedom Fighters

Freedom fighters were those who gave their lives in an unselfish effort to preserve their nation's liberty or to overthrow an autocratic or illegal regime. There are realistic figures of freedom warriors in every nation. In terms of nationalism and loyalty to one's nation, individuals look up to heroes. They are regarded as the model of a patriot. There are many freedom fighters. A few of them are well-known, whereas others have silently donated their lives in service to their country. These freedom warriors are solely responsible for the peace and liberty we enjoy today.

Essay on Freedom Fighters

The freedom we possess is not always possible. Behind this independence lies the sacrifice of our freedom fighters, who gave up their lives for India, our motherland, without consideration for themselves. Behind August 15, 1947, Independence Day celebration, there is a struggle and unpredictable past filled with tragic uprisings, battles, and campaigns led by countless numbers of courageous and brave Indian independence fighters who battled with British soldiers to attain India's independence. To liberate India from British rule, every one of India's independence warriors sacrificed, fought, and frequently ended their lives. To end the rule of foreign imperial powers and their empire, a sizable group of rebellions and socialists from diverse racial and ethnic groups came together.

Importance of Freedom Fighters

Freedom is not something that can be taken for granted; it must be worked for. The world is a miserable place where there are widespread injustices. Some people typically think better of themselves and consider others to be inferior. They attempt to turn the others into slaves or erase them forever. Revolting is appropriate, too. Some strong personalities can't tolerate being around unfairness and discrimination. They instantly respond and successfully navigate the obstacles. They are referred to as freedom fighters. They faced suffering, extortion, harsh torture, and difficulties in their search for liberty. People will salute them forever for their incredible devotion, suffering, and work.

They organize the crowds and lead them in a disciplined way. By motivating their energies for the advancement of their community, they help the underprivileged achieve freedom. The masses look to freedom fighters as navigators to guide them on the path of struggle. These soldiers are willing to offer their entire life as a tribute to the people and, eventually, their nation. Many freedom fighters prioritized the protection of people from oppression, abuse, and brutality. They performed the task for their country's independence despite possessing zero preparation.

For example, Gandhi's recommended route of dispute resolution was nonviolence. With her courage, Rani Laxmi Bai defeated thousands of enemies. Bhagat Singh fought for India's independence until the point when he was executed by hanging. Each warrior had an interesting tale to share.

It is up to us to express gratitude to them. They deserve a sincere tribute from our entire nation. Their pain and devotion are still audible in their words today. Not just on Republic Day and Independence Day should we honour their contributions and remember them each day.

Some Famous Freedom Fighters

Essay on Freedom Fighters

1. Mahatma Gandhi

"Father of the Nation" and "Mahatma Gandhi" are titles given to Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was born on October 2, 1869, married Kasturba when he was 13 years old, completed his legal education in London, and then moved to South Africa to serve. He was motivated to fight for human rights in South Africa after seeing social injustices toward some Indians there. Gandhi became an enthusiastic supporter of the liberation struggle after seeing how India was oppressed by the British. In his fight for freedom, he held rallies against salt taxation and many other peaceful anti-British movements. Some of the most significant achievements started by Mahatma Gandhi included the non-cooperation movement and the Quit India campaign.

2. Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh, who was born in 1907 into a Sikh community in a unified Punjab, upheld his nationalist beliefs until his passing. He was among the most extreme nationalists in India. Singh was a highly contested but admired figure in India's struggle for independence.

On April 8, 1929, Bhagat and Batukeshwar Dutt attacked the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi. Death for Bhagat and subsequent jail for Dutt. Singh, who fought on the front stages for India's freedom, achieved a great deal at the age of just 23. Without the fight and suffering of Bhagat Singh, history would be incomplete.

3. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

The brave actions he carried out during the Bardoli Satyagrah earned Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, who was born in 1875, the prestigious title of "Sardar." From a young age, he never walked away from danger. Due to his enthusiasm and patriotism for India, he was given the name "Iron Man of India." Sardar Patel, after establishing his profession as a lawyer, was determined to fight for India's freedom from British rule. He took power as India's deputy prime minister after the country became independent and swore to bring the country together, a goal he fully achieved.

4. Rani Laxmibai

Throughout India's struggle for independence, Rani Laxmibai, the queen of the princely state of Jhansi in the north of the country, became a representative of women's fight. When she was born in Kashi in 1828, her name was "Manikarnika." At the age of about 12, she wed Gangadhar Rao, the King of Jhansi. Rani Laxmibai became the ruler of the kingdom after her husband's death. Her rejection of surrendering to British rule was made quite clear to them. She courageously defended her area with a little force for seven days. She bravely fought the British until her death in Gwalior in 1858.

5. Sardar Udham

Udham Singh, famously known as "Sher Singh", was born on December 26, 1899, to Tehal Singh, a mechanical worker with poor ability and low pay, and his wife Narain Kaur in the Pilbad neighbourhood of Sunam, about 130 miles south of Lahore in British India. He was the youngest son, and he and his older brother, Sadhu, were separated in age by two years. Their mother passed away when they were about three and five years old, respectively. He played a major role in the assignation of Michael O'Dwyer who was responsible for the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in Amritsar.

6. Subhas Chandra Bose

Also known as Netaji, was an Indian revolutionary who played a significant role in the independence fight against British control of India. He was born on January 23, 1897, in Cuttack, Orissa (now Odisha), India, and died on August 18, 1945, in Taipei, Taiwan. During World War II, he also served as the commander of an Indian national force in foreign operations. He was Mohandas K. Gandhi's comrade and served as both a companion and a competitor at various points. Bose was renowned in part for his strong struggle for freedom and his promotion of democratic ideology.

What do they teach us?

They finally served up the nation's independence after a long enough period of protests, losses, and war. It is possible to live in a republic and a sovereign country today thanks to these outstanding heroes. Many freedom activists fought to keep citizens safe from cruelty, exploitation, and oppression. They took part despite not having any experience because they were worried about their country's freedom. In the battle, a number of them suffered and died. As a consequence, we should respect their courage and commitment to making sure that their people really enjoy lives of liberty and honour in each circumstance. They served as an inspiration for others to pursue freedom. Through a number of resistance movements, they raised public awareness of people's basic powers and rights.

When we go back in time, we can see that the majority of freedom fighters achieved their objectives without receiving any official training in combat or on relevant subjects. When they took part in fights and protests, they were aware that they might be killed by hostile forces. Freedom fighters included both individuals who used guns to overthrow authorities and those who supported the struggle financially, through the media, and through the judiciary. These courageous people took the initiative in the conflict with aggressive international forces. They informed their fellow citizens about their privileges and drew attention to any potential societal injustices.

Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav

In India, Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav is being honoured in order to honour its 74 years of continuous independence. It was not just for political freedom; it was also for liberation from all forms of dictatorship under foreign authority. Many people took part in the independence movement from each and every part of the nation. But regrettably, a large percentage of the achievements of freedom fighters remain absent from the history of the liberation movement. Without these unsung warriors, the history of India's true revolutionary movement would've been lacking. The people must also appreciate these unsung heroes for their role in establishing India as an independent and democratic country.

India is currently recognizing Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav to honour the achievements and wonderful sons and daughters of the nation who gave their lives to ensure India's freedom. To adequately honour and recognize India's unsung liberation warriors, a number of programmes are being arranged under the topics of "AKAM" and "Unsung Heroes of India's Freedom Struggle."

The government of India also began an overall campaign to honour the unsung warriors of the revolutionary movement. Through this visual program, numerous unsung heroes are acknowledged and brought to the public's attention each month. People may understand more about these unsung warriors of India's revolutionary movement by participating in awareness-raising activities through different media, including social media. This is our way of paying gratitude to those freedom fighters who gave their lives so that India could become an independent country.


The liberated India of today was a dream fulfilled for the independence warriors. Living in India's independence was their main goal in life, and we now reside in one. The freedom we enjoy today was secured by those illustrious warriors, and we will always be grateful to them for their sacrifice.

Because of freedom fighters, our country, India, feels free at home. We should all remember these brave individuals with respect and admiration and never forget what they sacrificed for the sake of the nation. We enjoy such privileges today due to the pain and agony that the freedom fighters of our history experienced. While some freedom fighters attained star power, others remained nameless, but they all worked to ensure our independence, and as a result, they remained alive even after their funerals.

Today, unfortunately, it appears that citizens are fighting for anything and everything. Together, we must overcome racial discrimination and achieve the Indian dream of these freedom heroes. Therefore, instead of opposing one another, let's work to make the world a peaceful place. Only then will we be able to honour their efforts and hardships and build a developed and happy nation.


1. With which of the organizations was Shaheed Bhagat Singh affiliated?

The Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), which had Bhagat Singh as a significant member, changed its name to the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) in 1928. This name change is likely mainly due to Bhagat Singh's influence.

2. Whose death co-occurred as the non-cooperation movement's beginning in 1920?

On August 1, 1920, Lokmanya Tilak, then 64 years old, passed away. On September 4, 1920, the campaign against collaboration in India began, and his death co-occurred.

3. Which of the three Indian freedom fighters was executed by hanging as part of the Kakori Train Conspiracy in 1925?

The British government executed Ram Prasad Bismil, Ashfaqulla Khan, and Roshan Singh by hanging them on December 19, 1927, for their part in the Kakori railway heist conspiracy.

4. Which Indian activist was called "Lokhitwadi" by the general public?

Gopal Hari Deshmukh was a Maharashtrian activist, social reformer, author, and thinker. He wrote for the weekly Prabhakar under the pen name "Lokhitwadi" about Maharashtra's social development.

5. The National Anthem of India lyrics was written by whom?

Rabindranath Tagore, India's first Nobel prize winner, first wrote the song in Bengali, "Bharoto Bhagyo Bidhata," which is now known as "Jana Gana Mana," the country of India's national anthem.

6. In which language was Kesari's first edition published?

Bal Gangadhar Tilak established the Marathi weekly Kesari on January 4, 1981.

7. Which British officer was shot by Udham Singh, and what was his name?

On March 13, 1940, an Indian rebel named Sardar Udham Singh killed Sir Michael Frances O'Dwyer, a retired lieutenant governor of Punjab. Which publication did Motilal Nehru launch in 1919?

Motilal Nehru founded The Independent, a newspaper headquartered in Allahabad, in 1919.

8. What did Annie Besant have in common?

In British India, there was an initiative known as the Indian Home Rule Movement based on other Home Rule Movements, such as the Irish Home Rule Movement. According to popular belief, it helped pave the way for the Indian Independence Movement, which Annie Besant and Bal Gangadhar Tilak led.

9. Who did the British refer to as the "Father of Indian Unrest"?

Lokmanya Tilak was called the Father of Indian Unrest as he proved how words play a role in challenging establishments and inspiring the masses.

10. Who in India established an independent Public Works Department?

In the year 1848, Lord Dalhousie established a distinct Public Works Department.

11. Who was present at each of the three roundtable discussions?

The sole participant in all three roundtable discussions was B.R. Ambedkar.

12. Who received some of the Secretary of State of India's authority once the Government of India Act of 1919 came into effect?

The High Commissioner for India now has the authority of the Secretary of State for India.

13. Who were the rulers who appointed the Simon Commission?

While Lord Irwin served as ruler, the Simon Commission was constituted.

14. Which Peshwas lived during Shivaji's time?

Shivaji's contemporaries included Ramchandra Pant.

15. In what year did the third battle of Panipat take place?

In the year 1761, the third battle of Panipat took place.

16. Who started the Kuka Revolt?

In 1840, Bhagat Jawahar Mal started the Kuka Revolt.

17. Which location in India was a key hub for the Wahabi movement?

In India, Patna rose to prominence as a critical Wahabi movement hub.

18. What occurrence is related to the start of the wealth transfer from India to England?

The commencement of the wealth transfer from India to England correlates with Diwani's grant.

19. Who founded the prestigious Presidency College (Former Hindu College) of Calcutta?

Raja Ram Mohan Roy established the famous Presidency College.

20. What outcome did the Battle of St. Thomas have?

The Battle of St. Thomas led to the creation of the Nawab of Carnatic.

21. Who was the first Dutchman to arrive in India?

The first Dutchman to arrive in India was Cornelis de Houtman in 1596.

22. Who served as British India's first governor general?

In 1833, Lord William Bentinck was appointed the country's first Governor-General.

23. Who served as the Non-Alignment Movement's first secretary general?

On September 1, 1961, Marshal Josip Broz Tito was appointed the organization's first secretary general.

24. Who was the first British leader of the Indian National Congress?

The Indian National Congress's first English president, George Yule, served in that position in 1888.

25. For which contribution to Indian history does Lord William Bentinck receive credit?

Lord William Bentinck received praise in Indian history for eradicating Sati.

26. Who founded the publication "Harijan"?

In 1933, Mohan Das Karam Chand Gandhi launched the journal "Harijan."

27. In which year did the Liaquat-Nehru Pact become official?

Liaquat Ali Khan, the president of Pakistan, and Jawahar Lal Nehru, the prime minister of India, signed the Liaquat-Nehru Pact in 1950.

28. Who was behind the Vernacular Press Act's abolishment?

In 1881, Lord Ripon revoked the Vernacular Press Act.

29. Which Indian state was the first to be founded linguistically?

On November 1, 1956, Andhra Pradesh became the first state founded on linguistic grounds.

Next TopicEssay on Peacock

Youtube For Videos Join Our Youtube Channel: Join Now


Help Others, Please Share

facebook twitter pinterest

Learn Latest Tutorials


Trending Technologies

B.Tech / MCA