Every human being is worthy and valuable. One of the ways we recognize the inherent worth of each individual is to recognize and respect their rights as a human. The human rights system is a collection of rules that concern fairness and equality. It acknowledges our rights to make decisions about the way we live our lives and to develop our human potential. It is all about living in a world free of intimidation, harassment, or discrimination. These rights are standard to recognize and protect the dignity of all human beings. Human rights belong to all irrespective of sex, race, nationality, language, ethnicity, religion, etc.
What are Human Rights?
Human rights make everyone free and equal, regardless of gender, age, caste, creed, religion, or nationality. United Nations adopted human rights in response to the atrocities that people suffered during the second world war. On the 10th of December, 1948, the U.N. General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). The adoption of this document was the catalyst for the recognition of the fact that human rights are the basis for justice, freedom, and peace for everyone. While it's not legally binding, many nations have integrated fundamental rights in their constitutions as well as national legal frameworks. Human rights protect us from discrimination and ensure that our basic rights are safeguarded.
Human rights unite us all through shared rights and obligations. The ability of people to exercise their rights as human beings depends on the other persons who respect these rights. Human rights require responsibility and duty toward other individuals and the entire community. People are accountable for exercising their rights in a manner that respects the rights of other people. For instance, if one uses their right to free expression, they should use it without interfering with another person's right to privacy.
Some basic Human Rights are-
Importance of Human Rights
Human rights are vital to the progress of any country as well as its citizens. If we look at the most fundamental human rights like the right to life, the right to practice any religion and freedom of movement, freedom of movement, etc., the importance of each one can be clearly felt. Imagine not having the right to a safe life! Each of these rights has a crucial impact on the health and well-being of every human.
The Right to Life ensures the life of humans. It makes sure that nobody can cause harm to you and, therefore, protects the peace you have. Furthermore, the freedom of religion and thought permits citizens to choose any faith they want to. It also fosters independent thinking. Freedom of movement is beneficial for people's mobilization. It ensures that no one is denied the freedom to travel and live in any state they wish to. It gives you the freedom to have and choose from many opportunities.
Human rights also grant people the opportunity to an impartial and fair trial. Everyone is entitled to move to court, where their impartial decisions are made. The court can be trusted to provide them with justice even when everything else is in vain.
The most important thing is that humans have been freed from all types of slavery. No one can force another individual to work as an enslaved person. Furthermore, humans are allowed to express and speak their views.
In a nutshell, Human rights are essential to the well-being of humans. In the modern world, they are constantly violated, and we have to work together to confront this problem. Both the government and the citizens need to make efforts to safeguard each other's rights and progress to improve the world. That's right, and this will guarantee prosperity and happiness throughout the globe.
With the growing importance of this topic, it is imperative that institutions of higher education recognize human rights as an autonomous discipline. The curriculum and course content of the human rights discipline could differ depending on the specifics and conditions of an institution. But, generally speaking, it should cover the rights of children as well as the rights of minorities and the rights of the poor and disabled, the right to live, the convention regarding women, the trafficking of children and women in sexual exploitation, etc.
Ever since the United Nations formed, its main agenda has been to promote and protect human rights. It has created numerous mechanisms so that any violation of human rights can be quickly detected. Treaties and organizations, U.N. special reporters, representatives and experts, and working groups are some examples. Asian countries like China argue in favor of collective rights. Asian nations like China advocate for collective rights. According to Chinese theorists, European countries lay stress on personal rights and beliefs, while Asian nations value the collective rights and obligations of families and society at large.
The freedom movement that swept across the globe following World War II and the end of colonization also brought an end to the apartheid policy as it was the most brutal violation of the rights of humans. As education is gaining traction, women are asserting their rights. Women's organizations play a crucial part in promoting the idea of human rights. They fight for their rights as well as support to defend the rights of the weaker and less fortunate sections, such as child labor, bonded labor, landless workers as well as unemployed Dalits, and older people.
Violation of Human Rights
Human rights violations, regardless of whether it is by states, terrorists, separatist groups, or extremists, is a punishable crimes. Whatever the motive, these acts must be categorically condemned regardless of their form or manifestation, however and wherever they occur. These are acts of aggression that aim to undermine the freedom of individuals, human rights, and democratic principles. The Indian delegation also raised concerns over the growing ties between terrorist groups and the resulting commission of grave crimes. They include torture, rape, arson, looting, murder, kidnappings, explosions, extortion, etc.
Infringing on human rights and freedom causes feelings of discontent, anger, and terrorism. The governments run by ambitious and self-seeking individuals frequently resort to repressive measures and find terror and violence an effective method of control. However, state terrorism, violence, as well as human freedom infractions are extremely risky tactics. This has been the cause of every revolution in the world. When there is widespread and extensive state-sponsored oppression and violation of the rights of people, rebellions and revolutions have emerged. In the past, the French, American, Russian and Chinese Revolutions are excellent examples of people fighting for their rights.
The war that led to Indian Independence in 1857 was a result of oppression that lasted for a long time. During that time, Indians were brutally assaulted, and they were denied even basic fundamental rights. The ever-growing anger, discontent, and disillusionment from British rule led to intense national sentiments and demand for the right to political privileges and rights. In the end, the Indian people, under the guidance of Mahatma Gandhi, demanded that the British leave India and give back its independent status.
Human Rights Council
The Human Rights Council, established on the 15th of March, 2006 through the General Assembly, reports directly to it, replacing the 60-year-old UN Commission on Human Rights as the primary UN intergovernmental body charged with human rights. The Council comprises 47 representatives from various States and is responsible for enhancing the protection and promotion of human rights throughout the globe by taking on instances that violate human rights and making recommendations about the issue, as well as responding to emergencies involving human rights.
A unique aspect of the Human Rights Council is the Universal Periodic Review. The unique process is a thorough review of the human rights reports of the 193 UN members once every four years. This Review is a collaborative and state-driven process under the supervision of the Council that gives every state to share the steps taken and challenges to be addressed to improve the situation of human rights in their own country and meet their obligations under international law. This Review is designed to guarantee equal treatment and justice for all nations.
Human rights and people's freedom ought to be protected at all costs. If they are deprived of them, it is detrimental to human lives. The political demands of a country can change the shape of the rights, but they should not be completely deformed. Regimentation and oppression are against humanity and must be challenged by one and all. The sacredness of human values, freedoms, and rights must be safeguarded and maintained. Human Rights Commissions need to be established in all countries to ensure the rights and freedoms of human beings remain intact. In the event of a violation of human rights, the impacted individuals must be compensated in a fair manner, and it must be ensured that the same violations are not repeated in the future. After all, each individual has the right to live with dignity!