Save Trees Essay
If we go by the scientific definition, Trees are perennial plants with elongated trunks and stems. As we all know trees play a very important role in our survival. Trees are considered man's best friend. By doing photosynthesis they produce oxygen gas, which we humans inhale. The uses of trees are not just limited to the production of oxygen. Our existence on this planet is wholly dependent on plants and green vegetation. They also make our surroundings presentable, they provide fresh air which keeps our mind fresh by which we do any work more efficiently. Let's see in detail how trees and plants help us.
Uses of Trees:
These were some uses of trees and plants. Once Gandhi said There's enough for everyone's need but not for everyone's greed". But humans don't understand that. They have made the situation worse. So now to recover that, countries from different parts of the world have come together to save trees to preserve the planet earth. A few questions might come to your mind about what would happen if there are no trees. What's the need of saving trees? And what are the ways to save it? To make you realize the importance of trees let's answer them one by one.
Importance of Trees:
Roots of trees and plants help in preventing soil erosion. So this helps in avoiding landslides and floods. Trees also play an important role in maintaining the water cycle. In recent times we have seen that groundwater level is decreasing. One of the ways to prevent that is by growing more trees.
They also help in reducing air pollution by absorbing air pollutants. The shade they provide saves us from blazing sunlight. They are home to birds, bees, butterflies, and other living beings which are important for ecological balance. All this shows that the point is clear about the importance of trees. Saving and growing more trees also reduces global warming and makes the earth lively. Oxygen which we get from trees acts as a shield against ultraviolet rays of the sun, which if reaches our body may cause cancer and other diseases. Let's look at a major issue: the reason for the deprivation of trees.
Deforestation and its Causes:
Humans have failed miserably at saving trees and the main reason behind it is deforestation. As the population is growing rapidly, humans require more land, and to do that we cut trees. Big companies are also cutting trees to spread their branches throughout the world. And as we have mentioned above trees are also cut down for the production of paper and limber. In order to cover these needs trees are cut down. Activities like mining of ores require cutting down trees.
There are some natural calamities too that lead to deforestation like forest fires, earthquakes, and cyclones. As we all know deforestation causes more floods which lead to more destruction.
Now that we have learned about the major causes of deforestation let's understand the impacts of deforestation.
Impacts of Deforestation:
As we have seen in recent times humans are not able to protect trees which leads to many problems. One of the major problems is global warming. We see that glaciers are melting on a daily basis due to an increase in temperature. Due to the melting of glaciers sea level rises and leads to floods.
Less number of trees means fewer roots to hold the rainwater, so we can say that deforestation is one of the reasons that cause floods. Deforestation loses the soil. Loose soil cannot act as a strong barrier so it cannot prevent floods.
Deforestation also leads to air pollution. Fewer trees in the environment lead to more carbon dioxide in the air. As the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere increases, the opposite happens to the amount of oxygen, it gets terrible. If we continue cutting trees in this manner not only, we are risking our lives, we are risking the lives of innocent animals too. Forest is home to wild animals, if we keep cutting trees they would lose their homes and they will be vulnerable to hunting, extinction, etc.
Humans are the only intellectuals among all animals. The ability to think is what makes us human. As we all have heard the quote "With great power comes great responsibility". We humans should understand our responsibilities and act towards saving our earth, best way to do that is by saving trees. Many people might think that this only affects carnivore animals, but it is not like that as it will gradually start affecting herbivores too. And then gradually the whole food chain will be affected and with time it will fall.
Measures to Take to Save Trees:
By saving trees we help ourselves and mother earth. Trees ensure our future. It is already understood that the first step in conserving trees is planting as many trees as possible.
Steps being taken by the government of India to save trees:
As per reports, forest in India covers 21% of the country's total geographical area but you all will be contented to know that there has been an increase in the total forest area from 2011 to 2013.
1. National Afforestation Programme (NAP)
NAP is a flagship programme started by the Indian government in the year 2000 on an India basis for afforestation in forest degraded areas.
2. National Bamboo Mission (NBM):
As the name suggests, this mission was started to increase the cultivation of bamboo in non-government and private lands in the year 2006-07. This mission has also contributed to the growth of industries by supplying raw materials.
3. Van Mahotsava
The denotation of this word is 'Tress festival'. This festival is celebrated every year from July 1st to July 7th. Van Mahotsava was started by K.M Munshi in the year 1950. The main objective of this festival is to plant more and more trees and also create awareness among the citizens of India about climate change and deforestation. Similarly, there are several other Government schemes which helped in increasing forest areas, trees count