Adding Vectors in C++
Vectors in C++ are a dynamic array-based container that is used to store a collection of elements of the same type. Unlike arrays, vectors can grow or shrink in size dynamically, making it a convenient and efficient data structure for storing and manipulating data.
A vector is defined by including the <vector> header and declaring a vector object. The vector type is specified within angle brackets, followed by the variable name. For example:
Once a vector is defined, elements can be added to it using the push_back() method. This method appends a new element to the end of the vector. For example:
Vectors also provide access to individual elements using the  operator. The index of the first element in the vector is 0, and the index of the last element is size()-1. For example:
In addition to adding elements, vectors also provide methods for inserting, removing, and modifying elements. The insert() method can be used to insert an element at a specific index in the vector. The erase() method can be used to remove an element from a specific index in the vector. The clear() method can be used to remove all elements from a vector.
Vectors also provide several useful methods for iterating through the elements in a vector. The begin() method returns an iterator pointing to the first element in the vector, and the end() method returns an iterator pointing to the last element in the vector. An iterator can be used to access the elements in a vector one by one, as shown in the following example:
Vectors also provide the size() method, which returns the number of elements in the vector. This can be used to check if a vector is empty, as shown in the following example:
In conclusion, vectors are a powerful and efficient data structure in C++ that provides a dynamic array-based container for storing and manipulating collections of elements. Vectors provide methods for adding, removing, and modifying elements, as well as for iterating through the elements in a vector. By using vectors in C++, you can write more concise and efficient code for working with collections of data.
Adding Two Vectors in C++
Here is an example code in C++ that demonstrates how to add two vectors:
The result of adding the two vectors is: [5, 7, 9]
In this code, the function addVectors takes two vectors as input and returns a vector that contains the sum of the elements of the input vectors. The main function creates two vectors, vec1 and vec2, and adds them together using the addVectors function. The result is then printed to the console.
Note that this code assumes that the vectors have the same size. If the vectors have different sizes, the addVectors function will return an empty vector and print an error message.