C++ vs C#
The following are the differences between C++ and C#:
- Type of language
C++ is a low-level language, while C# is a high-level language.
- Lightweight language
C++ is a lightweight language as compared to C# language as the libraries of C# language need to be included before compilation due to which size of binaries in C# language is more than C++ language.
C++ code runs faster than the C# code and makes a better solution for those applications that require higher performance.
- Garbage Collection
C# provides the automatic garbage collection while C++ does not provide the automatic garbage collection, i.e., the objects are allocated or deallocated manually.
- Platform dependency
C# language is a standardized language so it works only on Windows operating system while C++ supports all the platforms such as Windows, Unix, Linux, Mac, etc.
- Types of projects
C++ language mainly works on those applications that communicate directly with the hardware while C# language is mainly used for mobile, web, desktop or gaming applications.
- Compiler warnings
C++ allows you to do everything if the syntax is correct, but sometimes cause real damage to the operating system. C# language is a much-protected language as compiler gives errors and warnings without allowing you to create serious damage.
C++ code is compiled to machine code C# code compiles to CLR(Common Language Runtime) which is interpreted by the JIT(Just In Time) compiler.
- Multiple Inheritance
C++ language supports multiple inheritances, while C# language does not support the multiple inheritances.
- Level of Difficulty
C++ language contains more complex features than C# language while C# language is a simple hierarchy which is quite easy to understand.
- Default access specifier
In C++, the default access specifier is public while in C#, the default access specifier is private.
- Object Oriented
C++ language is not a complete object-oriented language while C# language is a pure object-oriented programming language.
- Bound checking
C++ language does not support the bound checking for arrays while C# language supports the bound checking for arrays.
- For each loop
C++ language does not support the for each loop while C# language supports the for each loop.
- Use of pointers
In C++, we can use the pointers anywhere in the program while in C# language, pointers are used in the unsafe area.
- Switch statement
In C++, string variable cannot be passed in the switch statement, but in C# language, string variable can be passed in the switch statement.
- Standalone applications
C++ language can be used to develop standalone applications, but C# language cannot be used to develop standalone applications.