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Objective C vs C++

In this article, we will discuss the difference between Objective C and C++. But before discussing differences, we must know about the objective C and C++ with their advantages and disadvantages.

What is C++?

C++ is a general-purpose and object-based programming language.It is mostly used for system-level programming, embedded programming, and complicated systems. File extensions include. c, .cc, .cpp, .c++, .h, .hh, .hpp, etc. C++ has impacted many programming languages, including Java and C #. After Java and C, it was the third most popular programming language. Its main goal is also to add an object-oriented and general-purpose programming language to the C programming language and Small talk-type communications. It is a programming language that is both static and dynamically typed.

C++, often called CPP, is a statically typed object-oriented programming language. Bjarne Stroustrup, a Danish computer scientist, planned to build an addition to C that would enable it to contain classes in 1979. Since then, the grow has become one of the world's most widely used and recognized languages. It is designed for almost everything, including the web. Furthermore, C++ has capabilities such as namespace, references, templates, and implicit method overloading, and it is utilized effectively by Evernote, LinkedIn, Mathworks, Microsoft, Opera, NASA, and Facebook, among others.

Advantages of C++

There are several advantages of C++. Some main advantages of C++ are as follows:

  • C++ offers features such as polymorphism, data encapsulation, and so on.
  • It is an object-oriented programming language.
  • Low-level language that is also simpler to learn.
  • There are unions and structures.
  • More portable.
  • Allows the user complete control over the memory.
  • Scalability

Disadvantages C++

There are several disadvantages of C++. Some main disadvantages of C++ are as follows:

  • Controlling memory makes the code more prone to errors.
  • Memory leaking
  • There is no trash memory collector.
  • There is no support for the system's built-in threading capability.
  • It isn't easy to debug online applications.

What is Objective C?

A general-purpose object-oriented programming language called Objective-C. It functions as a superset of the C programming language and adds object-oriented syntax and semantics. It allows cross-platform applications and has recently been impacted by small talk and the C programming language. Brad Cox and Tom Love created Objective-C in 1984 at a business called Stepstone. It is reflecting and more concentrated on classes. Now, Apple uses an all-purpose programmable object-oriented language in the operating system and APIs.

Advantages of Objective C:

There are several advantages of Objective C. Some main advantages of Objective C are as follows:

  • It is a recognized and tried language.
  • Highly reliable
  • Support for an earlier version is provided.
  • Integration of Private APIs is simplified.
  • Consistent with C++

Disadvantages of Objective C:

There are several disadvantages of Objective C. Some main disadvantages of Objective C are as follows:

  • It is difficult to learn.
  • Few developers and a relatively small community.
  • Indicative suggestions.

Differences between Objective C and C++

Objective C vs C++

There are several differences between objective C and C++. Some main differences are as follows:

Features Objective C C++
History and Origin: Brad Cox invented Objective-C in the early 1980s. It is developed to popularity as a result of its relationship with Apple, and it quickly became the dominant language for macOS and iOS development, owing to features such as dynamic communications and object-oriented characteristics. C++ was created in the late 1970s by Bjarne Stroustrup as a complement to the C programming language. It was created with the goal of adding object-oriented functionality while remaining compatible with C.
Programming paradigm: Objective-C is an object-oriented language that highly promotes the use of classes and objects. It is recognized for its dynamic nature since it allows objects to send communications to one another, resolved at runtime. C++ is a multi-paradigm language, which means it supports a variety of programming techniques, including procedural, object-oriented, and generic programming. I adaptability enables developers to select the best strategy for their individual requirements.
Syntax and Characteristics: Dynamic Messaging: One of Objective-C's unique characteristics is its dynamic messaging system. Rather than calling methods directly, you send messages to objects. It enables features such as method swizzling, which may be useful but also error-prone.
Square Bracket Syntax: For the methods invocation, Objective-C utilizes square brackets [], which differs from the dot notation used in certain other languages.
Objective-C 2.0: Property, garbage collection (eventually replaced by Automatic Reference Counting or ARC), and a more concise syntax for specifying properties and methods were all introduced with this version.
Static Typing: C++ implements strong static typing, which implies that variable types must be explicitly specified and validated at compilation time. It can catch numerous problems at compile time, improving code adaptability.
Templates: C++ introduces template metaprogramming, a key tool that enables generic programming. You may use templates to construct code compatible with diverse data types while keeping type safe.
Operator Overloading: Because C++ overloads operators, you can define specific behaviours for operators like + and - when using user-defined types.
Standard Template collection (STL): C++ contains the STL, a comprehensive collection of data structures and algorithms that may speed up program development.
Memory Management: Manual Memory Management: Memory management was manually in the early days of Objective-C, which required programmers to allocate and deallocate storage for objects explicitly. It resulted in frequent problems such as memory leaks and crashing.
Automatic Reference Counting (ARC): In recent years, Objective-C has embraced ARC, which maintains memory dynamically by tracing references to objects and redistributing them when their existence is no longer required. Memory management has become more easier and less error-prone as a result of this.
Memory management is handed over to the programmer in C++. While this allows for fine-grained management of the allocation of memory and deallocation, it also allows memory-related issues such as memory leaks and incorrect pointer access.
Use Cases: iOS and macOS Development: For many years, Objective-C was the preferred language for programming programs for Apple's platforms. While Apple has launched Swift as a contemporary replacement, Objective-C is still utilized for historical codebase maintenance. System Programming: C++ is frequently used in system development, where low-level control over hardware and memory is essential.
Game Development: C++ is used to create several engineered games and programming frameworks. It is frequently used for highly resource-intensive games due to the way it performs and control.
Embedded Systems: Because of its efficiency and ability to connect with hardware, C++ is commonly used in embedded development of systems.
Performance-Critical Applications: C++'s performance optimizations can help applications that require outstanding performance, for example scientific computations or real-time trading algorithms.

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