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Similarities and Differences in C++ and JAVA

Both of these are programming languages that we mostly use in competitive coding and other industries because of the variety of features they provide. C++ is very popular among coders because it is very efficient, uses memory dynamically, and works quickly. Java, on the other hand, is the most popular programming language in the IT industry because it provides unparalleled software development services to all of its users.

What exactly is C++?

It is a computer programming language with elements of both the C programming language and Simula67 (it is the first object-oriented language). C++ introduced the concepts of Objects and Classes. That is, it includes both low-level and high-level features. As a result, it serves as an intermediate-level language. This language was previously known as C with Classes because it included all of the properties found in the C language.

What exactly is Java?

This programming language was created by Sun Microsystems. It was created by a group of software developers. These individuals were known as the Green Team, and they pioneered this language in 1991.

Java and C++ have some similarities.

Both are extremely successful and widely used programming languages. Though there are many differences between the two, there are also many similarities, which are listed below:

1. Object Oriented Programming is supported by both C++ and Java:

OOPs is a modular approach that allows data to be applied within a specific programme area. It also provides the re-usability feature to develop productive logic, which means that data is prioritised. Classes and objects are supported. OOPs characteristics include:

  • Inheritance is the process by which objects of one class can link to and share some of the properties of objects of another class.
  • Polymorphism enables us to carry out a single action in multiple ways. It is the process of utilising a function for multiple purposes.
  • The act of representing essential features without including background details is known as abstraction.
  • Encapsulation is the process of combining data and functions into a single unit.

2. They have the same syntax:

Syntax of C++:

Syntax of Java:

3. The syntax for comments is identical:

Single and multiple line comments are denoted by //.... and /*.... */, respectively.

Syntax of C++:

Syntax of Java:

4. Loops (such as while, for, and so on) and conditional statements (such as if-else, switch, and so on) are similar:

Syntax of C++:

Output:

10

Syntax of Java:

Output:

10

5. The arithmetic and relational operators are the same in both.

6. Both C++ and Java programmes begin with the main function, which is the program's entry point. The function declaration, however, differs, but the name remains the same.

Syntax of C++:

Syntax of Java:

7. They share the same basic data types:

These include datatypes such as int, float, char, double, and so on, with some distinctions such as the Boolean data type being called boolean in Java but bool in C++.

8. Many of their keywords are interchangeable:

Example:

9. Both support multi threading, which means they can run multiple threads (sub-processes) at the same time to achieve multitasking.

10. Application Areas:

  • C++ is ideal for creating large software systems such as library management systems, employee management systems, and passenger reservation systems, among others.
  • Java can be used to create any of these programmes, but it is particularly well suited to creating communication/internet application software, such as network protocols, Internet programmes, Web pages, and Web browsers.

Frequently Asked Questions about C++ and Java

1. When it comes to C++ vs. Java, which is better?

If someone were to ask you which is better, would you say breakfast or dinner? The answer is straightforward: both. The same answer can be given here as well. The answer is entirely dependent on the requirements, scope, and applications. C++ is more focused on system-level functionality due to its faster execution time, whereas Java is more focused on Enterprise Programming and IT-level solutions. Major corporations such as Microsoft, Google, Amazon, Facebook (now Meta), and Netflix use both languages, as well as a variety of others, depending on their needs.

2. Is it more difficult to learn Java or C++?

If you want to learn any of these programming languages, you should start with C++, which has a simple syntax and all of the library support for common data structures. Competitive Coding also makes use of C++. Once you've mastered C++, you'll find Java to be a breeze. Because they were inspired by C++ syntaxes and functionalities while developing Java.

3. Is Java or C++ on the verge of extinction?

Yes and No are the answers to both of these questions. The world around us is always changing. In terms of technology, we've come a long way in the last decade. Both of these languages have numerous applications. But it's also true that, as new technologies emerge every day, new languages emerge that are easier to learn and implement than these languages. So far as the present is concerned, C++ and Java are still on the market and will continue to be for many years. However, it is predicted that in the not-too-distant future, the use of these languages will decline.

4. Developers use Java in a variety of ways.

Java is suitable for a wide range of high-level applications. Games, websites, and apps are the most common uses for Java. Java is used in millions of mobile phones, televisions, enterprise applications, and other devices around the world.

You can make the following things with Java:

  • Both Android and Google OS have mobile applications.
  • Devices connected to the Internet of Things (IoT) - Java connects devices such as cellphones, televisions, computers, and tablets to appliances or machines in the home or in industries such as healthcare, security, utilities, and supply-chain management, among others.
  • Storage, file sharing, virtual machines, sales software, email, messengers, and other cloud applications are available.
  • Web applications that are both secure and scalable
  • Internet and Android games, such as Minecraft, have chatbots.
  • Employee management, reservations, data storage, file sharing, and other enterprise applications are available.
  • Computation, automation, and data storage in scientific applications such as healthcare and research.

5. What is the Real-World Application of C++?

C++ is secretly powering millions of devices we use every day, from game development to scientific applications and everything in between. C++ can be found almost anywhere, from computers to cell phones, video games to space research.

The following programmes are written in C++:

  • MacOS, Windows, and iOS are the operating systems available.
  • World of Warcraft, Counter-Strike, and StarCraft are examples of game development.
  • Unreal Engine, Xbox, Playstation, and Nintendo Switch are examples of game engines.
  • Televisions, cars, smartwatches, medical devices, appliances, and other Internet of Things (IoT) devices are examples.
  • MySQL and MongoDB are two examples of databases.
  • Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Safari, and Opera are examples of web browsers.
  • TensorFlow is an example of machine learning.
  • Unreal Engine, for example, is a virtual reality (VR) engine.
  • Military and commercial aircraft use flight software.
  • Google is a popular search engine.
  • MRI machines and data modelling are examples of medical technology.
  • Telephones, the internet, and telecom infrastructure are all examples of telecommunications.
  • Special effects, for example, are a part of movie production.

6. Java's Negative Qualities

Java is a highly versatile and secure programming language, but it, like any other programming language, has flaws. For starters, Java isn't well suited to low-level programming. Java uses a lot of memory and can be slower than C++. While C++ works natively (in the computer's native language), Java must be compiled before it can be interpreted by the computer.

Java uses automatic garbage collection, which means the system manages the memory. While automatic garbage collection can help with memory and redundancy, it also takes up more CPU time, slowing down the application. Java, in a similar vein, does not back up data.

As a result, Java necessitates a significant amount of memory and a longer runtime. It could be slower as a result of this. It can, however, run quickly and efficiently if used properly and with these drawbacks in mind.

7. C++'s Negative Qualities

C++ is excellent for low-level programming, but it also has drawbacks. For starters, C++ is unsuitable for large or high-level programmes. Garbage collection (automatic memory management) and dynamic memory allocation are not supported in C++, unlike Java. The lack of garbage collection support in C++ can lead to redundant data storage and increased memory usage. However, some applications, such as games, require this feature to prevent data loss. C++ is also an 8-bit language, which saves memory and improves performance.

C++ is not secure because pointers are insecure. System failure or memory corruption can easily occur if pointers are used incorrectly. One of the most difficult aspects of learning C++ is debugging pointers.

To summarise...

Finally, we can say that both C++ and Java are important and useful in their own right. There are numerous similarities and differences between the two languages. Both are fundamental languages, and any computer programmer or engineer should be familiar with them.


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