Javatpoint Logo
Javatpoint Logo

C++ Boolean

Boolean is a data type in C++ that represents true or false values. It is commonly used in programming to control program flow, make decisions, and evaluate conditions.

In C++, a Boolean is a data type that can have two possible values: true or false. Booleans are commonly used in conditional statements, loops, and other control structures to determine whether a particular condition is true or false.


Booleans are used in C++ to evaluate logical expressions, make decisions in conditional statements, and control loops. They are also used in object-oriented programming to indicate the success or failure of a particular method or operation.


  • Booleans in C++ are represented by the keywords true and false.
  • They are one byte in size and are represented as either 0 (false) or 1 (true) in memory.
  • Booleans are used in conjunction with logical operators such as && (and), || (or), and ! (not) to create more complex logical expressions.

To declare a Boolean variable in C++, we use the bool keyword. Here's an example:

In this example, myBoolean is a Boolean variable that has been assigned the value true.

We can also declare Boolean variables without assigning them a value, like this:

In this case, the initial value of myBoolean will be false.

Boolean values can be combined using logical operators to create more complex conditions. There are three logical operators in C++:

  • && (logical AND)
  • || (logical OR)
  • ! (logical NOT)

The logical AND operator returns true if both of its operands are true. The logical OR operator returns true if at least one of its operands is true. The logical NOT operator returns the opposite of its operand's value.

Here are some examples of logical expressions:

In the last example, parentheses are used to group the logical OR operation before the logical AND operation.

In C++, any non-zero value is considered true, and 0 is considered false. This means that we can use numeric values in Boolean expressions, like this:

We can also use Boolean values in conditional statements, like if and while statements.

Here's an example:

In this example, the if statement checks the value of isSunny. If it is true, the first branch of the statement is executed and "It's a sunny day!" is printed to the console. Otherwise, the second branch of the statement is executed and "It's not sunny today." is printed instead.

We can also use Boolean values in loops to control program flow.

Here's an example:

In this example, the while loop continues as long as shouldContinue is true. Inside the loop, the counter variable is incremented, and its value is printed to the console. The shouldContinue variable is then updated to false when counter reaches 10, causing the loop to terminate.

Overall, Boolean values and expressions are an essential part of programming in C++. By using logical operators and conditional statements, we can create complex program logic that makes decisions based on input values and other conditions.

Here's an example C++ code that demonstrates the use of Boolean variables and expressions:

C++ Program:


It's a sunny day!
Counter is now 1
Counter is now 2
Counter is now 3
Counter is now 4
Counter is now 5
Counter is now 6
Counter is now 7
Counter is now 8
Counter is now 9
Counter is now 10
  • In this example, the program first declares a Boolean variable isSunny and initializes it to true. It then uses an if statement to check the value of isSunny and prints a message to the console depending on whether it is true or false.
  • The program then declares another Boolean variable shouldContinue and initializes it to true, along with an integer variable counter initialized to 0. It then enters a while loop that continues as long as shouldContinue is true.
  • Inside the loop, the program increments the value of counter, prints its value to the console, and updates the value of shouldContinue based on the value of counter. When counter reaches 10, shouldContinue is set to false, causing the loop to terminate.
  • Finally, the program returns 0 to indicate that it has completed successfully.


  • Booleans are simple and intuitive to use, making them a popular choice for representing binary logic.
  • They are efficient in terms of memory usage, as they only take up one byte of space.
  • Booleans are widely supported in C++ and can be used with many other data types.


  • Booleans can sometimes be confusing to use, especially when combined with other logical operators.
  • They can also be prone to errors if they are not used correctly, such as using = instead of == in a conditional statement.


Booleans are a fundamental part of programming in C++, and are used extensively in control structures and logical expressions. They are easy to use and efficient, but care must be taken to ensure they are used correctly to avoid errors.

Youtube For Videos Join Our Youtube Channel: Join Now


Help Others, Please Share

facebook twitter pinterest

Learn Latest Tutorials


Trending Technologies

B.Tech / MCA