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Status Code 400

Status Code 400

An HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol Bad) State code 400 represents a user error. Whenever any user sends an invalid request to the server, the server immediately reports it and generates an HTTP based 400 bad request error. This error usually occurs if the user has entered an incorrect URL.

In the broad majority of likely situations, the status code 400 error occurs due to a client-side problem caused by the submitted request to the server or local caching causes. Hence, in this tutorial, we will cover various easy methods that anyone can implement even if the user is not tech-savvy. Following the given methods, you should be successfully able to make your website working!

What is a 400 bad Request error?

Status Code 400 or 400 Bad Request, or 400 error or HTTP error 400, is recognized by the server as a general user error. The server throws the 400 bad error if the server decides that the resulting error doesn't come under any other status code classifications.

The 400 status code (Bad Request) represents that the server cannot process the request due to some user error. In return for an invalid request, the server should dispense the specific 4xx status code in the case of a failed request.

Common Causes of 400 error

A 400 Bad Request error is mostly the consequence of typing the incorrect URL in the browser window or making errors in an address link while linking it from a web page to another.

1. URL String Syntax Error

The primary reason for the HTTP error 400 to occur is an incorrectly typed URL (Uniform Resource Locator), deformed syntax, or a URL that contains some illegal characters.

Though the user can mistakenly type the wrong URL, it can sometimes happen if the URL encoding has been performed incorrectly. The below-given link is an example of an incorrect URL that the server won't process, and therefore, it will trigger a 400 HTTP error.

https://twitter.com/share?lang=en&text=Example%20of%20malformed%%20characters%20in%20URL

2. Corrupted Browser Cache & Cookies

URL typo error is not the only case where the server triggers the 400 bad error. Even if the passed URL is 100% accurate, the server can still throw a 400 Bad Request error because it detects the presence of any corrupted files in the browser cache memory or other issues such as expired or damaged cookies.

The user can also encounter a 400 Bad Request error if he/she tries to gain access to their WordPress admin area after some time of their last log-in session. The reason why it occurred because the process following which the cookie was managing the login authentication information may have gotten expired, and it cannot further authenticate the same valid user with admin rights. And it eventually results in the connection being declined and therefore passes 400 Bad Request error.

3. DNS Lookup Cache

The 400 Bad Request can occur if the local DNS data stored is not in sync with registered DNS (Domain Name server) data. All the domain names available on the internet are the art of IP address. You can compare the IP address of your phone number as it connects to a particular "calling number" you wish to dial.

4. File Size Too Large

A 400 Bad Request can also trigger if the files uploaded by the user on a website are too heavy for the upload request to be met. This is strictly associated with the server's file size limit and will change based on its setup.

5. Generic Server Error

The 400 bad request error can also occur if there is any technical issue on the server-side. Though, a 400 status code will display a generic problem with the server, server or network glitch, or any other undefined volatile issues.

Suppose it triggers when the user tries to connect to a third-party website, in that the user cannot control it. At that time, he/she can try to refresh the browser and monitor at frequent intervals whether the website developers have resolved the issue or not. Just in case you want to confirm whether the specific error is a server-side issue or not, try to load the website on various browsers, or you can also test it on a different machine/device to eliminate the system-specific problems.

If the same issue occurs with other browsers, systems are also confirmed to be a server-side problem. If the site content is important for you, you directly communicate to the website owner and give all the details related to Operating System, browser, system, and versions you were using when you experienced the 400 bad error issue.

How to fix 400 Errors

The various ways to fix the bad 400 errors are explained below:

1. Check the Submitted URL

One of the most common reasons for the 400 Bad Request error is the obvious URL string itself. One can easily make mistakes by manually typing unwanted characters in the URL in the web browser.

Re-check the spelling of the domain name or the particular web page you want to access and make sure that they are typed accurately and are separated with forwarding slashes. If the URL includes any special characters, make sure they are encoded properly with valid URL characters.

If you find it hard to check the URL spelling and encoding process repeatedly, you can opt for the online URL encoder/decoder. It is very useful for long URLs and less error-prone. These kinds of software help the user to identify various illegal characters in the URL automatically.

Once you have entered the correct URL, it's time to run it again in the browser. Still, if you face the 400 Bad Request error, try with other fixing methods given below.

2. Clear Browser Cache

While accessing specific website content, the user receives a 400 Bad Request error if any website files stored locally have been corrupted.

It consists of all sorts of files that a website demands for its proper functioning, unlike:

  • HTML, PHP
  • JavaScript
  • Text/config files
  • CSS coding
  • Digital Media, unlike photos, videos, audio, etc.
  • Data files such as XML, JSON, etc.

Whenever any user visits any website, all the above files are stored locally on your computer's browser. Therefore to fix this problem, one should clear the browser's cache memory. Follow the below-given steps to clear the computer cache:

  • Open your browser (in our case, we have opened Google chrome), click on the three-dotted icon located on the top right-hand corner of the screen. It will throw a popup menu window (as shown in the given screenshot) -> select the More Tools
    Status Code 400
  • The following menu will appear, select the Clear Browsing Data option.
    Status Code 400
  • It will direct you to the Clear browsing data window. Make sure to tick on the checkbox for the third option (Cached images and files), and once done, click on the Clear data button located at the bottom.
    Status Code 400
  • It will clear the cache memory of your browser.

Note: Google provides you the option to delete only the recent files for a particular time range with the help of the Time range dropdown. However, to ensure all possibly corrupted files are eliminated, we suggest removing all stored files locally by selecting the All-time option.

  • Once done, reload the website again. Hopefully your website will run successfully this time!

3. Clear Browser Cookies

If you are still facing the 400 error even after clearing your browser cache, in that case, your browser cookies are also corrupted. Whenever you open any website on your browser, it uses different cookies. If any one of the used cookies gets expired or corrupted, then it can trigger the 400 Bad Request error.

To clear your cookies in web browser (Chrome in our case) follow the below given steps:

  1. Open your browser (in our case, we have opened Google chrome), click on the three-dotted icon located on the top right-hand corner of the screen. It will throw a popup menu window (as shown in the given screenshot) -> select the More Tools
    Status Code 400
  2. The following menu will appear, select the Clear Browsing Data option.
    Status Code 400
  3. Tick on the checkbox for Cookies and other site data.
    Status Code 400
  4. NOTE: Make sure to select the All-time option for the time range for the top as it will give option to delete all current website cookies.
  5. Once done, reload the website again. Hopefully, your website will run successfully this time!

4. File Upload Exceeds Server Limit

While uploading a file, we often forget about the server size limit and exceed its maximum limit. Eventually, you confront a 400 Bad Request error.

Try to upload a file again, and this time upload a smaller file. If it gets uploaded successfully, then the likely error occurred because the initial file was too large, and before uploading the file again, either you need to trim the file size or need to find some way.

5. Clear DNS Cache

The 400 Bad request can be triggered if the DNS data stored locally gets corrupted or out-of-date.

Note: The local DNS data are not stored by the browser but on the OS (operating system).

6. eactivate Browser Extensions

Today, we install various extensions to our browser. Some extensions might affect your website cookies which could trigger the 400 bad request error. To find out the real culprit, temporarily disable them and check whether it makes a difference by running the website again.


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