Phrases refer to the grammatical terms that are a combo or a set of words that do not have the subjects and verbs.
What Exactly Is a Phrase? Definition And Examples
Phrases refer to a group (or pairing) of words in English Language. Also, phrases can be short or long, but it lacks the subject-verb combination required to form a sentence.
Some instances of phrases encompass:
There is no subject performing an action in any of these situations (subject-verb). As a result, each instance is simply a set of words known as a phrase.
The most significant parts of English grammar are phrases and clauses.
Phrases and clauses encompass everything in a statement. Clauses are the heart of sentences, and phrases help the statements to be meaningful. If sentences are the foundations of a structure, phrases are the bricks. A phrase can always be included within a clause, but on the contrary a phrase cannot contain the clause.
A phrase is thus a sequence of words that contains no finite verb and serves to finish the sentence to make it meaningful.
Phrases vs Clauses: A Word Unit Hierarchy
A phrase is a collection of any words that do not include a subject performing an activity. Whereas on the other hand, A clause is formed when a set of words has a subject performing an action (subject-verb).
To make statements more complicated, phrases can be added. A concept can start with a single term and progress to a compound statement
dinner (word); before the dinner (phrase); that my mother cooked (clause)
A phrase is always made up of more than one term or word.
Some More Phrase Examples
Let's look at some more phrases before we get into the various types of grammatical phrases.
As you can see, English phrases can be almost any word combination as long as there is no subject-verb coupling.
Types Of Phrases
The English phrases can be of various types. These can be
This type of phrase is frequently built around a single noun and serves as a subject, object, or complement in a phrase.
Examples of Noun Phrases:
This type of phrase is made up of an adjective and functions in the statement as a single adjective.
Examples of Adjectival Phrases are :
This type of phrase changes a verb or an adjective and functions as an adverb in a statement.
Examples of Adverbial Phrases are :
This type of phrase is always preceded by a preposition and links nouns.
Examples of Prepositional Phrases are :
Note: Prepositional phrases encompass all other sorts of phrases.
In a statement, a conjunctional phrase functions as a connection, i.e. conjunction.
Examples of Conjunctional Phrase are ;
Interjections which have more than one term are titled the interjectional phrases.
Examples of Interjectional Phrase are ;
Absolute Phrases are phrases that comprise of nouns or pronouns accompanied by a participle and any relevant modifiers. They are also known as Nominative Phrases since they alter indefinite classes.
Examples of Absolute Phrase are ;
An appositive is a Noun or Pronoun that is frequently followed by a modifier that sits alongside other Nouns or pronouns to characterize it. An Appositive Phrase is a group of terms that comprise an Appositive and come after or before the Noun or Pronoun that it distinguishes or describes.
Examples of Appositive Phrase are ;
It consists of a participle, its modifier(s), and/or the items that fulfil the statement's meaning.
Examples of Participle Phrase are ;
This type of phrase includes a Gerund, its modifier(s), and any other required elements. They serve as Nouns in the same way that Gerunds do, which implies they can be both Subjects and Objects of statements.
Examples of Gerund Phrase
Such types of English Phrases are made up of infinitive verbs (To + base verb) as well as modifiers and/or complements.
Examples of Infinitive Phrase are ;
Simple Phrase Examples
Let us begin with a statement that has no phrases and then add-ones.
1. Sandra eats muffins every day.
(There are no phrases in this statement.) The sentence's components are all single words. )
2. My friend Sandra eats muffins daily.
(The above-mentioned statement is now a phrase.) It is a three-word phrase that serves as the statement's subject. It is worth noting that the statement itself lacks a subject and verb. )
3. My friend Sandra eats muffins during the weekdays.
(Another phrase has been added.) This one also includes three words, but it serves as an adverb. )
4. My friend Sandra was eating muffins during the weekdays.
(Another phrase has been added.) There are two words in this one. It is a compound or a multi-word verb. )
5. My friend Sandra was eating chocolate muffins from the patisserie during the weekdays.
(Another phrase has been added.) This one contains five words. In this statement, it serves as a direct object. )
The previous examples demonstrate that phrases work as a single element within a statement. But let's take a deeper look.
The term "chocolate muffins from the patisserie" has its own embedded phrase ("from the patisserie"). This is a prepositional phrase used to describe "chocolate muffins." As a result, a phrase inside a phrase is possible. It's actually quite common. There's more to it. The phrase "was eating chocolate muffins from the patisserie during the weekdays" is also included. It's known as a verb phrase. (A verb phrase is made up of a verb and modifiers. These modifiers can also be sentences, as in this case.)
Why Are Phrases Important?
As stated earlier, phrases have a very wide scope, and it is not rare for one phrase to contain another phrase, which may contain an embedded phrase. That looks complicated, and it may be, but each phrase has one basic, important fact: it would only work as one part of speech.
That being stated, here are the top seven phrase-related writing concerns.
1. Check for subject-verb harmony with the head noun whenever the noun phrase is the subject of the verb.
For instance -
The difficult tests come at the start of the term. (Incorrect )
The difficult tests come at the start of the term. (Correct )
In the above sentences, the verb comes is incorrect and is not syncing with the subject tests.Do not be misled into associating the verb with the closest noun (here, "tests"). Whenever a noun phrase is the subject of the verb, then in that case the verb is governed by the head noun.
2. While placing the prepositional phrases, avoid ambiguity. Ambiguity in prepositional phrases might be problematic.
Consider the following example :
Julie fed the Lion in the Zoo.
In the above sentence, is the prepositional word indicating where Julie was when she fed the Lion, or which Lion Julie fed? Is "in the zoo" an adverb that modifies "fed" or an adjective that modifies "Lion"? You would think there was only one Lion if you interpreted it as an adverb (indicating to us where Julie was).
If you viewed it as an adjective (for example, "the Lion that was in the zoo"), you'd think there were other Lion too.
You should rephrase to remove any ambiguity. For instance,
Julie was in the Zoo when she fed the Lion.
Julie fed the Lion that was in the Zoo.
Of course, because readers have some background, there is rarely actual ambiguity, but they must still endeavour to maintain the sentences ambiguity-free in order to present themselves as clear thinker.
Here's another instance:
Peter and his father were united after seven years in KFC. (incorrect)
Whenever you are using a prepositional phrase, consider whether it may be altering something else in your statement. Keep in mind that while you may understand what the prepositional phrase modifies, your readers may not.
If the prepositional phrase is unclear, place it next to (typically quickly to the right of) whatever it is supposed to alter. That is generally sufficient.
As an example:
Peter and his father were united in KFC after seven years.
Sometimes you have to rephrase something. For instance,
3. A hyphen should not be used with an adverb concluding in "-ly. "
When an adverb with the ending -"ly" modifies an adjective, never use a hyphen to attach it to the adjective. The hyphen is not required.
Helen has gorgeously-formed hands.
(The hyphen is unnecessary when the adverb finishes with "ly." )
If the adverb is one that can be confused for an adjective, such as "well," "quick," "best," etc., use a hyphen to remove any uncertainty.
Helen has well-formed hands.
(The hyphen is required to indicate that you are referring to the adverb "well," i.e., happily, rather than the adjective "well," i.e., happy.)
4. In most cases, eliminating "in order" from a statement that begins "in order to" saves two words.
If you need to reduce the number of words, you can typically replace "in order to" with "to" without losing sense. For example, in order to see a concept realized, you must have a tenacious belief in it.
5 Correctly punctuate your participle sentences.
Here are some broad recommendations to help you effectively place and punctuate a participle phrase.
Tip 1: Whenever a participle phrase appears at the beginning of a sentence, split it with a comma and follow it with the noun being altered.
Removing his spectacles, the teacher nodded his head with dissatisfaction.
Tip 2: Do not use a comma after a participle phrase that modifies a noun.
Controversy is talk that has been made unpleasant by morals.
If the participle phrase is unnecessary (i.e., one can eliminate it or place it in a bracket), split it with a comma (or more commas if this is in the middle of a sentence). (Dashes or brackets could also be used.)
For instance, The black car, which was uninsured in the U.S.A and was most likely stolen in Paris, served as the getaway vehicle.
Tip 3: Whenever a participle phrase appears at the conclusion of a sentence rather than shortly after its noun, use a comma to indicate that it is not altering what comes before it.
For instance, The lads adored their accessories, wearing them even while sleeping.
6. Next on the list is Split infinitives are acceptable.
A split infinitive is common in infinitive phrases (e.g., "to really attempt," "to secretly observe").
The most concise and natural method to communicate is using a split infinitive. However, there is a problem with the split infinitives: Some consider it non-standard English or possibly a grammatical error. Let us be clear about something. Split infinitives are totally fine.
But are you willing to accept the chance that a few of your readers will think you're sloppy for utilizing a split infinitive? Here is some guidance: Try rephrasing the sentence to eliminate the split infinitive from it, but if it does not flow as good or seamless(and it usually won't), stick with the split infinitive.
The split infinitives are highlighted in these cases, while the infinitive phrases are underlined.
John requires to accurately report the facts.
John requires to report the facts accurately.
(The second (reworded) version is more secure. It sounds fine, and it lacks a split infinitive, which may irritate certain readers.
7. Gerunds can help you save words and enhance your reading flow.
Gerund phrases might help you reduce your word count and write more fluid sentences.
Consider the following sentence:
For instance, the find of this new tunnel will help to speed up the research of the west tunnels.
(There are much too many nouns in this statement.) It's lengthy and stuffy, with no natural flow. )
Here's a statement using gerund phrases :
Finding this new tunnel will aid in researching the west tunnels.
(There are two gerund phrases in this reworded sentence.) It flows significantly better than the previous one.)
The Hierarchy or Organization of Word Units
The word unit structure is as follows:
Phrases That Serve as Different Parts Of Speech
Here's a breakdown of the parts of speech, along with the examples of the phrases that serve as them.
I'm searching for a book that will make me intelligent.
(This is an instance of an infinitive phrase used as an adjective.) It refers to "a book." Adjectives are frequently used with phrases. )
I am coming there to help you.
(This is an instance of an infinitive phrase acting as an adverb.) It is a reasonable adverb. Phrases frequently serve as adverbs. )
She is not only upset but also frustrated. (Correlative Conjunction )
(This is an instance of a phrase that serves as conjunction.) The majority of conjunctions are single words, not phrases.
There are a few folks I know who can give you a hundred reasons.
(In this case, two phrases serve as determiners.) Both of these determiners are quantifiers. The majority of determiners are single terms.
Oh my goodness! She succeeded.
(This is an instance of a phrase used as an interjection.) The majority of interjections are single words. )
Running the faucet is important to clear the air chamber.
(This is an instance of a gerund phrase used as a noun.) Phrases are frequently used as nouns.)
According to Sign, the mechanism is flawed.
(This is an instance of a phrase that serves as a preposition.) The majority of prepositions are single words. )
No one is perfect.
(This is an instance of a phrase that serves as a pronoun.) The majority of pronouns are a single word. )
I am coming there to assist you.
(This is an instance of a phrase that acts as a verb.) Individual words are only one-word verbs (e.g., like, perform) in the simple past tense (performed, liked) and the simple present tense (likes, performs). The remaining phrases contain auxiliary verbs. )