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Interjection is a word or expression that comes as an expression on its own and expresses an unexpected feeling or reaction. Interjections are used in a sentence (usually at the beginning) to express emotions such as excitement, enthusiasm, surprise, disgust, and joy. They are normally accompanied by a mark of exclamation (or comma).

It's a diverse category that includes several different parts of speech, like exclamations (ouch!, wow!), greetings (hey, bye), markers of hesitation (uh, um), curses (damn!), response particles (okay, oh!, huh?), and other terms (stop, cool). Interjection's category partly overlaps with a few other categories due to their diverse nature: profanity, fillers, and discourse markers. The usage and descriptive discussion of interjections can be traced back centuries to the Greek and Latin Modistae.

Features of Interjections

The following are the features of interjections that make them unique:

  1. Interjections are generally not meaningful in the structure of the sentence.
  2. Interjections are sudden, so we can't change them.
  3. Interjections are an indication of the mood of the conversation.
  4. Interjections are exclamations, which do not affect the rest of the sentence.

Interjections are mostly used during the verbal conversation, and they are sudden gestures that we might show in order to communicate our thoughts or emotions, and sometimes those words do not make sense. Using interjections during formal communication is unacceptable.

Types of Interjection

When there are feelings and emotions, there are many interjections in languages. The following are the types of interjection words and phrases, including joy, sorrow, greeting, surprise, attention, approval, and calling:

Interjection for joy

These joy interjections are used to indicate the immediate emotions and feelings of happiness on a sudden happy event that happens. These interjections may include Hurray!, Wow!, Hurrah!, and many more. Let's take some examples:

  • Hurray! India won the match against Pakistan.
  • Wow! He is very beautiful.
  • Hurrah! We've got another gift.

Interjection for sorrow

Sorrow interjection is used in a sentence to convey the feeling of sorrow over something bad that has happened, like alas, ah, oh, ouch, etc. Let's take some examples:

  • Ouch! I've too much pain.
  • Ah! The pain of surgery.

Interjection for greeting

Greeting interjections are used to express the emotion of warmth of the other person when they meet. They include: Hello!, Hey!, Hi! and many more. Let's take some examples:

  • Hello! I am Mike Jackson.
  • Hey! I am happy to see you.
  • Hi! Would you want to sing a song with me?

Interjection for Surprise

The speaker uses this interjection when he shows a deep sense of surprise over something that happened. These interjections may include Ha!, Hey!, What!, Gosh, Wow, Whoa, Oh!, Ah!, Eh!, and many more. Let's take some examples:

  • What! You failed the exam.
  • Ah! I got a new job.
  • Eh! That sounds very bad.

Interjection for attention

In the sentence, this type of interjection is used to draw someone's attention. This interjection may include such as look, behold, listen, hush, and many more. Let's take some examples:

  • Look! You are so clever.
  • Listen! I have never tried to copy you.

Interjection for Approval and Praise

The speaker uses this interjection when he expresses a deep sense of approval and consensus on something that has happened. This interjection may include Bravo!, Brilliant!, Well done!, and many more. Let's take some examples:

  • Well done! You have done your work.
  • Brilliant! You got 99% marks in the exam.
  • Bravo! He got a chance.

Interjection for expressing doubt or hesitation

When the speaker becomes confused and unsure what to say next, they use the hesitation interjections. These interjections may include Hmm, Uh, Er, and many more. Let's take some examples:

  • Hmm, I am not sure what happened there.
  • Um, I think he wants to ask a question.

Interjection for Bidding Farwell

The speaker uses these interjections to say good-bye or bye. These interjections may include Bye!, good-bye!, farewell!, and many more. Let's take some examples:

  • Good-bye! We are leaving now.
  • Bye! I have to go now.

List of Interjection words

There are various interjection words used in the sentences. Some of them are as follows:

Yippee, Oh, Ouch, Well done, yum, oops, Alas, Good morning, Fie, Yikes, Aah, Hark, Ahh, Aww, Bingo, Eh, Eww, Hurrah, Uh, Hmm, Um, Bravo, Oops, Hello, Er, Ugh, Wow, Shh, Hey, Well, What, Hmph, Whew, Hush, Yeah, Ah, Hi, Yes, Ouch, Help, Happy Birthday, dear, huh, oy, and many more.

Examples of Interjections

There are the following examples of the interjections.

  • Yes! I can do it.
  • Well! I have a surprise gift for you.
  • Oh! What's a surprise gift.
  • Good! Now we can play a cricket game.
  • Hey! Get lost from here.

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