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Adjective Definition

A noun or pronoun that acts as the phrase's subject is described by or given additional information by an adjective. Adjectives can be found either before or after the noun they modify.

Adjective Definition

A noun, noun phrase, or pronoun can be described by an adjective, which adds further details. An adjective generally describes the qualities of a noun, noun phrase, or pronoun; its grammatical function is to modify the information the noun provides. In most cases, adjectives appear before the nouns they explain.

Adjective Definition

Adjectives, which include adjectives like enormous, catlike, foolish, vast, etc., describe the characteristics or conditions of being nouns. As a result, an adjective is a word added to a noun to enhance its meaning. Adjectives are classified as several types of Parts of Speech in English grammar, and you must read the rest of the article to comprehend every kind of adjective fully.

Adjectives in English and Their Relevance

To make a noun or pronoun more expressive, an adjective modifies its meaning. For example, the word "man" becomes "a tall, attractive man" or "a short, stocky man" when the number of adjectives increases.

The words "a," "an," and "the" are examples of descriptive words. Even though they do not identify the person or object, the letters "a" and "no" are frequently called uncertain. A person or entity is described using the specific article "I." As an example, "man" (any man) is contrasted with "man" (a certain man).

Adjectives play a significant role in sentences in every language. Adjectives allow us to describe the characteristics of any individual or thing, and we couldn't describe the appearance of any item without using descriptive terms. Other words can also be used to characterize someone or something in addition to pronouns and nouns.

Additionally, the adjectives on the transparent paper assist in painting a picture for us as we read it. In addition, when we read a clear article, the adjectives help us to convey an image of what we are reading.

Forms of Adjectives - Degrees of Comparison

Have you heard adjectives may be used to compare similar characteristics between individuals carrying out the same activity? There are three different adjective types or three different degrees of comparison. These are

Adjective Definition

Positive Degree of Comparison: The adjective's positive form, also known as its positive degree of comparison, refers to the adjective in its original term. When there isn't another subject to compare, this adjective is utilized.

Example: This novel is fascinating.

Comparative Degree of Comparison: When two subjects doing the same activity or possessing the same characteristic are compared, the close form of an adjective is utilized.

Example: Compared to the story I read today, the one I read recently was more engaging.

Superlative Degree of Comparison: The superlative degree of comparison is used to show which subject is better at carrying out the activity than the other subjects when two or more subjects of the same quality are being compared.

Example: I have never read a book as exciting as this fantasy tale.

Adjective Definition

Types of Adjectives (based on function)

Adjectives can be categorized into various groups depending on their use in a phrase. Adjective categories include the following:

Adjective Definition

1. Descriptive Adjective: A noun or pronoun's qualities are described using descriptive adjectives in a phrase.

Adjective Definition


  • A Royal Enfield is a premium motorcycle.
  • A lovely young woman is sitting next to me.
  • He arrived at the club with a messy hairstyle.

2. Demonstrative Adjective: These adjectives make a statement about an object, a person, or an animal. It is used to convey the noun's position. In sentences or phrases, it occurs before other adjectives. Demonstrative adjectives contain this, these, that, and those.

Adjective Definition


  • This movie is hilarious.
  • There are Harry's collections of automobiles and bicycles.
  • These cookies are really tasty.

3. Distributive Adjective: Distributive Adjectives are typically used to refer to a specific person or group and are used with single nouns. It is utilized to change nouns. Four distributive adjectives are each, neither, every, and either.

Adjective Definition


  • There were two dishwashers, but neither was in good working order.
  • Either choice will make me happy.
  • Each cat receives a portion of the bread after being divided by the monkey.

4. Interrogative Adjective: These adjectives modify and interrogate nouns. Which, What, and Whose are the three interrogative adjectives, respectively.

Adjective Definition


  • Where exactly is your home located?
  • Whose goals are achieved, mine or yours?
  • Whose car keys were left outside?

5. Numeral Adjective: A numeral adjective informs us about the number of nouns in a phrase. There are three categories of numerical adjectives:

Adjective Definition
  • Definite Numeral Adjectives(cardinal, ordinal)
  • Indefinite Numeral Adjectives
  • Distributive Numeral Adjectives.


  • This movie's second half is just mind-blowing.
  • Some individuals will never understand French.
  • All the funds you own can never bring happiness.

6. Quantitative Adjective: In a phrase, a noun (a person or thing) and its quantity are described using a quantitative adjective. Little, much, more, few, all, small, large, tall, forty, fifty, etc. Even though it defines the numbers, a numeral adjective is occasionally called a quantitative adjective.

Adjective Definition


  • For the first time, he played the guitar.
  • I ranked 2nd position in a recent session.
  • In an accident, two boys sustain serious injuries.

7. Proper Adjective: A suitable individual, item, animal, or object is indicated by a proper adjective. The phrase has to be capitalized since it refers to a specific existence.

Adjective Definition


  • The third-largest ocean in the world is the Indian Ocean.
  • I tried a lot of different dishes, but Indian food had the best flavor.
  • The dollar is the most widely popular currency worldwide.

8. Possessive Adjective: In a phrase, a possessive adjective demonstrates the noun's ownership of a person or individuals. Possessive adjectives can also be used as possessive pronouns.

Adjective Definition
  • First-person: my, our.
  • Second-person: yours.
  • Third-person: her, his, its, their, whose.


  • His vehicle costs more than mine.
  • I noticed your father beside the market.
  • Each sister has a closet for her clothing.

Adjectives: How are they used in Sentences?

Adjectives are renowned for giving your writing and speech a flowery touch, and it helps to increase its level of depth and offers your listeners and readers a fascinating look. Yet, overusing adjectives might result in a foggy, disjointed appearance or effect.

This would lead to people misinterpreting what you're expressing. You should be able to use adjectives effectively, and all written work should be accurate and clear. Look for a term that expresses what you are attempting to say in its most precise form.

For example, the words rapid, swift, hurried, speedy, etc., all indicate "extremely quickly." Being pleased, happy, jolly, cheerful, joyous, excited, etc., are similar terms for different happiness levels. You should also be familiar with another idea. When describing the same object or subject with two or more adjectives, there is a certain order in which they should be used.

Adjective vs. Adverb

As we all know, adverbs describe verbs, whereas adjectives describe pronouns and nouns. For example, the phrase "luxurious lifestyle" is an adjective term where the noun "lifestyle" is the noun it changes and "luxurious" is the adjective.

Adjective Definition

An example of an adverbial phrase is the phrase "living comfortably," where "living" is a verb and "comfortably" is an adverb. This difference is, however, not complete. Moreover, adjectives can serve as objective counterparts to linking verbs. For example:

  • You seem pleased about your new relationship.
  • I feel terrible about having the last bite.
  • She may indeed feel better enough for him.

"Pleased" serves as a complement to the word "seems" in the first phrase. "Terrible" complements "feel" in the second phrase.

A typical grammar mistake is caused by a lack of understanding of adjectives' complementary role in linking verbs. Many people make the mistake of using an adverb rather than a predicate adjective. Some say, "I feel bad" rather than "I feel badly."

For some of us, nouns and pronouns are the only things we know as adjectives. Because of this, the verb "feel" appears to prefer an adverb to an adjective.

Consider the adverb "well," which is used in place of the word "goodly" to describe the adjective "good." The phrase "smells good" refers to someone or something having a pleasant smell.

Though it has a distinct connotation, the phrase "smell well" is equally acceptable and may reflect that someone has a strong smell sense.

Adjective's Basic Rules

1. Typically, an adjective used to describe something comes before the noun.

Example: Ruler Francis was a generous king and adored royal sport.

2. The adjective is typically positioned after the noun in poetry.

Example: Oh boy, with sisters, dear!

3. For significance, numerous adjectives may be linked to a single word and occasionally come after it.

Example: There resided a miller bold and hale.

4. The adjective should come after the noun when another phrase or word is used to clarify the adjective's meaning.

Example: He was a person prosperous in the resource.

5. In some expressions, adjectives are always placed after nouns.

Example: God Almighty

Adjective clause definition

A dependent phrase known as an adjective clause changes a pronoun or a noun just like an adjective does. Since they typically (but not always) start with a relative pronoun, adjective clauses are sometimes known as relative clauses. Words like who, whose, whom, which, where, and that are examples of relative pronouns.

Adjective clauses function as adjectives; hence, they cannot be used to make a complete sentence independently. As an illustration, the following adjective clause doesn't make sense grammatically on its own:

  • That plays amazing songs.

Instead, the noun or pronoun must be modified by the adjective clause:

  • I am searching for a melody that plays amazing songs.

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