"Motivation" originates from the word "motive", which indicates a person's needs, goals, or inclinations. It is the procedure of inspiring people to take action to accomplish a goal. Individuals can be motivated by a desire for money, success, power etc. Motivation involves inspiring others to work effectively to meet organizational and individual objectives.
Motive, motivation and motivators
While learning about motivation, it's important to understand these three related terms.
Motive is a need that motivates, compels, and guides a person's behaviour toward accomplishing goals.
The strategy utilized in organizations to inspire employees is called a motivator.
The process of inspiring an individual to perform the desired action is referred to as motivation.
Feature of motivation
1. Psychological process
Motivation is a psychological process that helps to achieve the intended outcome by motivating and influencing subordinates. In the corporate world, a manager must understand each employee's objectives, as every employee in the company has different demands, motivations, and goals. Two people cannot be motivated using the same strategy because their objectives are different.
2. Continuous process
Motivation is an ongoing process. An individual who is satisfied today might not be satisfied tomorrow. When one requirement is completed, another one appears. That's why it is a continuing process.
3. Complex process
Humans have various expectations, perceptions, and responses. All people cannot be motivated using the same strategy because their objectives are different. Thus, motivating people is a challenging task.
4. Negative or positive motivation
Negative motivation includes forceful methods such as punishment, promotion threat, etc., while positive includes rewards like increased pay, incentives, promotions, recognition, etc. Positive motivation offers incentives for someone to achieve an objective, while negative motivation generates fear in people's minds to accomplish a goal.
The "stick" strategy is another name for negative motivation, and the "carrot" technique is another name for positive motivation. A manager can utilize positive and negative motivation to improve performance based on the requirements.
Process of motivation
1. Unsatisfied need
The motivation process starts with unfulfilled human requirements.
He feels stressed because of unmet demands.
The human is motivated by stress and finds an alternate way to fulfil his need.
4. Search behaviour
A person searches for various alternatives and selects a specific option after studying all the alternatives.
5. Satisfied need
The person examines whether the requirement has been satisfied or not.
6. Reduction of tension
The human being feels satisfied and stress-free after achieving a goal.
Types of motivation
1. Intrinsic motivation
Intrinsic motivation derives from a person's internal desires. Types of intrinsic motivation are learning, attitude, achievement, creation and physiological motivation.
Following are some examples of intrinsic motivation:
2. Extrinsic motivation
Extrinsic motivation is an outside force that pushes you to act in a specific manner to get a reward. Types of intrinsic motivation are incentive, fear, power and affiliation motivation.
Following are some examples of extrinsic motivation:
3. Achievement motivation
In achievement-motivation individual tries to accomplish a goal for personal growth. It is similar to Japanese management's "Kaizen" approach.
4. Attitude motivation
The drive which originates from a desire to improve the world, create something useful, or assist others is called attitude motivation.
5. Physiological motivation
The primary goals of physiological motivation are to meet basic physiological requirements like air, food, water, sleep, warmth, and sex.
6. Competence motivation
Competence motivation's another name is learning motivation, and the desire to learn more skills is the main source of competence motivation.
7. Fear motivation
A person is forced to act against their will through fear motivation. Due to fear, individuals completed the work fast.
8. Affiliation motivation
People with affiliation motivation do their jobs efficiently if they receive praise for their positive attitudes and cooperation.
9. Power motivation
Power-motivated individuals want to change things in their company and are prepared to take risks.
FAQs about motivation
1. What is motivation in management?
"Motivation" in management refers to managers' actions to encourage their teams to accomplish goals and improve their working environment. When managers inspire their teams, a corporation can see an improvement in productivity and achievement. A manager's primary responsibility is to inspire his subordinates.
2. What are the best motivational strategies for the employee?
Employees need to be internally and externally motivated in the corporate world. The best motivational strategies for the employee are listed below:
3. What are the best motivational strategies for students?
The methods of motivation used in the learning environment are typically theoretical rather than practical. The best motivational strategies for education are listed below:
4. What are the best motivational techniques for managers?
Managers also require some particular types of motivation. The best motivational methods for managers are listed below:
5. What are the benefits of motivation for management or organization?
6. What are the benefits of motivation for workers or employees?
7. What are the best motivational techniques for sports players?
8. Difference between intrinsic vs extrinsic motivation
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