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Preeclampsia Definition


Preeclampsia is a pregnancy problem. Preeclampsia may cause high blood pressure, and proteinuria, which is a high quantity of protein in the urine and is a marker of kidney impairment, as well as other organ damage symptoms. Preeclampsia often develops after twenty weeks of pregnancy in pregnant women whose heart rate had earlier been normal.

Preeclampsia Definition

Who are More Vulnerable?

First-time moms may be more likely to develop preeclampsia. The exact cause of preeclampsia in certain patients is unclear to medical professionals.

You may be more vulnerable if:

  • You have a history of diabetes, renal illness, or high blood pressure.
  • Hoping for multiples.
  • Preeclampsia in the family history.

What Happens in Preeclampsia

High blood pressure (greater than 140-90 mmHg) and maybe too much protein in the urine are two symptoms of preeclampsia. Preeclampsia puts your heart and other body components under stress, which might have serious implications. The kidneys and liver may not function correctly, your placenta's blood circulation may also be affected, and fluid may build up in your lungs. The protein present in urine is also a sign of kidney dysfunction.

How common is it

Preeclampsia is a significant medical condition that affected people from all around the globe. Preeclampsia and its related consequences, such as eclampsia, account for between ten and fifteen percent of maternal fatalities globally. It affects 5 to 8% of pregnant women in the United States and usually results in premature delivery. Preterm birth refers to birth that occurs earlier than the 38th week of pregnancy.

Preeclampsia Definition


Increasing blood pressure, proteinuria, as well as other indications of kidney or other organ damage are characteristics of preeclampsia. It is possible that you are symptom-free. Preeclampsia's first symptoms are often found during normal prenatal appointments with a healthcare professional.

Edema and weight increase are common throughout healthy pregnancies. Preeclampsia, however, may be identified if you unexpectedly put on weight or have Edema, particularly in your arms and face.

Preeclampsia Definition

Some other Symptoms of Preeclampsia

  • Proteinuria, which is an excessive quantity of protein found in the urine, as well as other excretion organ difficulties like kidney problems.
  • Reduced blood platelet counts (thrombocytopenia).
  • Elevated levels of the liver enzymes, a sign of hepatic problems.
  • Uncomfortable headaches
  • Vision alterations including light sensitivity, blurry vision, or sudden blindness
  • Pulmonary fluid-induced breathlessness


The diagnosis for Preeclampsia may involve the following tests and procedures.

  • Blood exams: A lab analysis of a blood specimen may reveal how well the liver and kidneys are working. Blood tests may also be used to measure blood platelets, that are units that help blood clot.
  • Urine testing - Your doctor can ask for a 24hr urine analysis or a single urine sample to see how well the kidneys are working.
  • Ultrasonography of the foetus- The primary care practitioner will probably keep a careful eye on the growth of your unborn child, often through ultrasound. The images of your baby taken during the ultrasound scan may be used to predict the fetus's weight and the amount of fluid present in the uterus (amniotic fluid).
  • Biophysical profile or non-stress exam- A simple procedure to find out how your baby's heart rate reacts to movement is the Trier Social Stress Test. During a biophysical profile, an ultrasound is performed to measure your baby's breathing, muscle strength, motion, and amniotic fluid volume.


Preeclampsia's specific cause is potentially influenced by a number of factors. Analysts claim it begins in the placenta, which nourishes the developing infant throughout pregnancy. Early in pregnancy, new blood arteries grow and adapt to supply the placenta with nutrients and oxygen.

These bloodstream arteries don't seem to form or operate normally in preeclamptic women. The maternal blood pulse may not be properly controlled if indeed the placenta's blood flow is hampered.

Other Blood-Pressure Related Complications

One kind of elevated blood pressure (hypertension) illness that may develop while pregnancy is preeclampsia. Additional problems may also develop:

  • Gestational hypertension is elevated blood pressure which starts to develop during twenty weeks of pregnancy and is not accompanied by renal or other organ issues.
  • Hypertension is elevated blood pressure that begins before 20 weeks of pregnancy or that was present before pregnancy in certain women with gestational hypertension.
  • Chronic hypertension with superimposed preeclampsia takes place in women with chronically elevated blood pressure before actual childbirth who then experience deteriorating high blood pressure, protein in the urine, or other medical complications while pregnant. Chronic hypertension is excessive blood pressure that lasts longer than 30 days after pregnancy.

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