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Types of Interjection

The interjection is described as "a term used to indicate a certain emotion or mood on the part of the speaking individual.

An interjection is a part of speech often used to communicate a certain emotion or expression of the person speaking to the readers (such as surprise, delight, enthusiasm, disgust, zeal, grief, approval, calling, attention, and so on). It is often used as a single term or non-sentence phrase, accompanied by a punctuation mark. Interjection verbs are typically used at the beginning of a phrase.

Types of Interjection

A comma or an exclamation point (for a moderate interjection). Following the usage of an interjection term in a phrase, a comma (for mild interjections) or an exclamation (for shocking, emotive, or deep feelings interjections) is used. Other interjection terms used as opening statements include yeah, no, well, indeed, and so on.

They are one-of-a-kind and have several intriguing characteristics:

  1. Interjections provide no grammatical purpose in sentence formation.
  2. They are usually incapable of being modified or inflected.
  3. They do not need to be related to the other elements of the phrase.
  4. They are extremely context-dependent.

One can even employ a noun, a verb, or an adverb as an interjection.

Noun as an interjection :

Childishness! You should not have complained to the grandfather.

Verb as an interjection :

Clap! For this achievement, she deserves some praise.

Adverb as an interjection :

No! You are not permitted to enter that building until I give you the right.

Interjections are words used in spoken language to express our immediate reaction to anything that affects our emotions. They are the initial response and do not always make sense. On the other hand, interjections are inappropriate in formal speech or writing.

Types of Interjections

Interjection can be divided into several kinds on various principles.

Types of Interjection

There are two kinds of it, and they are as follows :

1. Primary Interjection

This type of interjection refers to the terms that are entirely interjections and cannot be categorized as any other Part of Speech.

Primary Interjections Lis

Phew Gee Ouch Grr
Huh Ugh Alas Ah
Hurray Blah Geez Brr
Wow Oops Meh Yowza
Aw God Wohoo Eww
Yuck Oh Yum Hmm


  1. Oops, I missed the opportunity.
  2. Wow! This is our golden opportunity to participate in the contest.
  3. Alas! She was not able to come on time.
Types of Interjection

2. Secondary Interjection

Secondary Interjections are nouns, adjectives, and other parts of speech that behave as interjections at certain times.


  1. Indeed, I was looking forward to your forewarnings.
  2. Goodness! How did you complete all the tasks in 2 hours.
  3. Oh my goodness! This is the last thing that I could have ever imagined.

Interjections are classified into two groups based on the severity of the expressions

1. Mild Interjection

Moderate Interjections are the comparatively mild expressions of sentiments and emotions. Commas are used to divide these categories from the remaining of the statement.


  1. Oh, We have been searching for you.
  2. Well, it is a hard assignment, not at all easy.
  3. Hmm, Helen is doing fine.
Types of Interjection

2. Strong Interjection

Forceful Interjections are defined as strong eruptions of expression. Exclamation marks are used to separate these categories from the remaining of the phrase.

Examples :

  1. Yay! I finally graduated from the university this summer.
  2. Bingo! I found my lost keys.
  3. Ouch! That insect bit me.
Types of Interjection

Interjections are classified into three types based on the emotions conveyed

1. Volitive Interjection

Volitive Interjections are commonly used to communicate commands, requests, and wants. "I wish" statements are substituted with Volitive Interjections in the conversation.

"Enough" shows a desire to quit listening to someone and possibly make a counter-statement. "Shoo" usually showcases the speaking person's desire to drive somebody away.

Types of Interjection


  1. Shh (I want you to be silent) Shh! Sita should be quiet.
  2. Ahem (I am requesting your attention to something) - Ahem! I was thinking about another matter.
  3. Psst (I want to draw attention in secret) - Psst! I've begun to exercise.

2. Interjection of Emotion or Emotive Interjection

Emotive Interjections are phrases used to express unexpected bursts of emotion such as surprise, happiness, grief, disgust, and terror. In the speech, these sorts typically replace "I feel" phrases.

"Eww" indicates "I feel sickened," and "Phew" signifies "I feel relieved."

Types of Interjection


  1. Ugh! (I'm disgusted) - Ugh! What's the cause of that foul odor ?
  2. Ouch (I am in pain) - Ouch! These spiders are toxic.
  3. Yippee (I'm overjoyed) - Yippee! We finished the year on a high note.

3. Cognitive Interjection

Cognitive Interjections are terms that emerge from thought and are utilized as exclamations. These sorts are employed to express feelings and emotions that people encounter and comprehend via experience.

Types of Interjection


  1. Well, I was not able to make it. I'll try better next time.
  2. Bravo! What a fantastic achievement !
  3. Gosh! You are a genius, so intelligent.

The interjections can be classified as follows on the basis of how the feelings are expressed

1. The Interjection of Greeting

The greeting interjection indicates the feeling of warmth and joy in meeting with anyone.

Hello! Hi, Hey, Heya! and so on.

These are few of the examples of this kind of interjection ;

  1. Hey! What are your plans for tonight ?
  2. Hi! Hope you are doing well !
  3. Hello! My name is Danny, and I am your new lecturer.

2. The Interjection of Joy

The interjection of joy is used to communicate immediate delight and gladness on a specific occasion.

Wow !

Congratulations !

Cheers !

Good !

Hurray !

These are some of the examples of this type of interjection

  1. Great! We've progressed to the next stage.
  2. Wow! They look stunning !
  3. Hooray! Our team won the game !
  4. Congratulations! We wish you good luck for your married life.

3. The Attention Interjection

The attention interjection is used to draw somebody's attention towards us.

See! Listen! Hush! Behold! Shh! and so on.

Examples ,

  1. See! I am exhausted now, and I'm not going anywhere with you.
  2. Look! I noticed something in the background.
  3. Shh! keep your mouth closed.
  4. Hush! Roy, alerted Miller.
  5. Yoo-hoo! Is there anyone here ?
Types of Interjection

4. The Approval Interjection

The approval interjection is used to show approval or consent in a statement.

Bravo !

Good work !

Brilliant! and so on

These are some of the examples of this type of interjection

  1. Kudos! You have successfully finished the mission.
  2. Brilliant! You accurately spelled it.
  3. Well done, you have performed very well in the class.
  4. Brilliant! He is an outstanding student at our university.

5. The Interjection of Surprise

The surprise interjection is used to show surprise at any situation that has occurred.

Oh !

What !

Ah !

Ha! and so on.

These are few of the examples of this kind of interjection

  1. Ah! I received my first paycheck.
  2. What! Are you sure ?
  3. Oh! I ran into him today.
  4. Ha! What a delightful experience.

6. The Sorrow Interjection

In a statement, the interjection of sorrow is used to communicate the sense of sadness that something horrible had occurred.

Ah!, Damn!, Alas!, Ugh! oops! and so on.

Examples ,

  1. Ouch! It's excruciatingly painful.
  2. Alas! His right shoulder was fractured.
  3. Oops! Apologies. It was entirely my fault.
  4. Help! I'm in a world of pain.

List Of Interjections

As broadly stated, interjections can be categorized on the various principles and basis. Moreover, the list of interjections can be exhaustive, and their usage depends on the situation and need. Let us have a look at the list of interjections irrespective of their type.

Oh-oh mu eh Bravo Nuh Eureka Boom Yikes Yipee Yuck
Ssh Boo Gee Wow Woops Jinx Duh Meh Heya Good
Ugh Aha Ee You La Bang Woot Alas Aww Hush
Ah Huh oo-er Oh my Hah eek See Yuck Uh Ha
Woo Shoo Jeez Aargh Aagh cheers Look Well Umm Oy
Pooh Yow Howdy Ahem Oh no My My Yay Nah Yum
Ta-dah Damn Phoh hmm Oops phooey rats Psst Yo Er
poo Yippee Weh zzz adieu shoot Tsk-tsk Gosh Hey Whew

3 Ways to Punctuate Interjections Properly

Since there are many forms of interjections, there are also various ways to mark them.

1. Using an Exclamation Mark

For interjections, the exclamation mark is the most widely used punctuation mark. It is obviously used to express strong emotions like surprise, enthusiasm, or fury.


  1. Yahoo! All my money was returned to me !
  2. Yikes! There is a snake that eats worms !
  3. Oh! You lost your phone !
  4. Whoa! So you were the culprit !
  5. D'oh, I recently broke my wrist.
  6. Oo la la, is that a blue horse ?

2. Using A Period or A Comma as A Punctuation Mark

A period or comma will suffice for lesser emotions.


  1. Ah, That feels fantastic !
  2. Well, what is done is done.
  3. Um, what exactly did she mention ?
  4. Hmm, do you honestly believe that ?
  5. Aww, What a sweetie !
  6. Boo, get down the stage.

3. Using A Question Mark as A Punctuation Mark

A question mark is more suitable when using interjections to show uncertainty or doubt.

Examples :

  1. Huh! What exactly did you just suggest ?
  2. What! You got it wrong ?
  3. Oh, you're serious! I never considered it.
  4. What! Are you insane ?

4 Interjection Usage Guidelines

Some guidelines for utilizing interjections correctly:

  1. Interjections might take the form of a single word or a short phrase.
  2. Interjections are normally put at the start of a sentence, but there are always exceptions.
  3. These interjections should be used to depict character exclamations, serve as a substitute for emoticons, and make tale reading more entertaining.
  4. The other significance of interjections is that they can communicate feelings that are often hard to express through sentences.

As an instance, consider the line "I like that dog." This sentence appears comprehensive and delivers its whole meaning, yet it lacks that extra sense of excitement.

Interjection Example

Oh my goodness! I like that outfit !

Wow! Look at that dog !

Use of wow and oh my god shows a strong feeling of excitement.

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