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Top 10 Population State in India

India's federal union consists of 36 states and eight union territories. According to the Census Population Projection Report, India's population will be 13,88,163,000 in 2023.

Top 10 Population State in India

Uttar Pradesh has the most population in India's union, consisting of 28 states and eight union territories. It is based on data from the Indian government's last census, completed in 2011. Now let us focus on the population of the states in the following.

Rank States 2023 estimates 2011 Census Population Density
1 Uttar Pradesh 2,35,687,000 19,98,12,341 828/km2
2 Maharashtra 1,26,385,000 11,23,74,333 365/km2
3 Bihar 1,26,756,000 10,40,99,452 1,102/km2
4 West Bengal 99,084,000 9,12,76,115 1,029/km2
5 Madhya Pradesh 86,579,000 7,26,26,809 236/km2
6 Tamil Nadu 76,860,000 7,21,47,030 555/km2
7 Rajasthan 81,025,000 6,85,48,437 201/km2
8 Karnataka 67,692,000 6,10,95,297 319/km2
9 Gujarat 71,507,000 6,04,39,692 308/km2
10 Andhra Pradesh 53,156,000 49,386,799 303/km2

1. Uttar Pradesh

Top 10 Population State in India
  • Capital: Lucknow
  • Largest City: Kanpur

Uttar Pradesh is the fourth-largest state in India and has the most population. It is situated in the nation's northeast. The state received its current name, Uttar Pradesh, which indicates "Northern State," when India approved its government on January 26, 1950.

Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India, with Lucknow also as the capital. Over twice the number of individuals lived there as the rest of the country at the beginning of the twenty-first century.

The rich soil of the Gangatic plains supports most of the state's population. The majority of people in the state dwell in rural regions. Population growth has been connected to a decline in infant mortality and the ability to greater possibilities.

2. Maharashtra

Top 10 Population State in India
  • Capital: Mumbai
  • Winter capital: Nagpur
  • Largest city: Mumbai

Maharashtra is a large state that occupies significant land in central and west central India. The low hills, wide high mountains, and river valleys that comprise its physiography are distinctive. This state is based in the geographic centre of India.

Regarding population, Maharashtra is the third-most populous state in the world and the second-most densely populated state in India. It was created on May 1, 1960, dividing the 1956-established multilingual Bombay state. There are 36 districts and six divisions in the state. Mumbai serves as the state capital and India's most populous urban city.

3. Bihar

Top 10 Population State in India
  • Capital and largest city: Patna (Pataliputra)

East India's Bihar is the state. Jharkhand, which forms the state's southern and southeastern boundaries, was formed in November 2000 from the southern provinces of Bihar. Patna serves as Bihar's capital.

In the early years of India's history, Bihar played a significant role. It was the primary imperial capital for many years and the centre of Indian culture and civilization.

4. West Bengal

Top 10 Population State in India
  • Capital and Largest city: Kolkata

East of the nation is where the Indian state of West Bengal is based. West Bengal is one of India's smallest states in land size but has one of the greatest populations.

Kolkata (Calcutta) serves as the state's capital. During the time of British control, the national movement was begun in the state of West Bengal, which was the first to start the process of nationalism.

5. Madhya Pradesh

Top 10 Population State in India
  • Capital: Bhopal
  • Largest city: Indore

The state of Madhya Pradesh, which translates to "the heart of India," is located in the very centre of the nation. The state lacks an international border as well as a coastline.

The low hills, wide plateaus, and river valleys that make up its physiography are distinctive. Madhya Pradesh's capital, Bhopal, is the cleanest city in the state. Madhya Pradesh is the fifth-largest state in terms of people and the second-largest state in land area in India.

6. Tamilnadu

Top 10 Population State in India
  • Capital and Largest City: Chennai

Regarding territory and population, Tamil Nadu is India's sixth most populated state, as indicated by the Human Development Index from 2011. Following Maharashtra, it has India's second-largest state economy, with the highest amount of industrialization.

The primary language of the state is Tamil, one of the ancient classical languages currently in use. Tamil Nadu's capital city is Chennai. The largest in all of India's states is its tourism sector. Tamil Nadu has all kinds of tourist attractions that draw visitors. The Tamil cinema industry significantly impacts the state's popular culture.

7. Rajasthan

Top 10 Population State in India
  • Capital and Largest city: Jaipur

A state in northwest India is Rajasthan, often known as the city of Rajputs. The pink city of Jaipur, located in the state's east centre, is the capital. Rajasthan is a clear expression of "The Rajas' Place." Previously, it was known as Rajputana, or "The Country of the Rajputs."

Rajasthan was the name given to the state when the royal kingdoms and chiefdoms were incorporated into India after 1947. It is India's seventh most populous state and the largest by land. Its borders with five further Indian states are on the country's northwesterly side.

8. Karnataka

Top 10 Population State in India
  • Capital and Largest City: Bengaluru

Karnataka, a state once known as Mysore until 1973, is located on the western shoreline of the subcontinent. Bengaluru (Bangalore), the nation's capital, is close to the southeasterly boundary.

Karnataka has a rich cultural past that the efforts of numerous dynasties over time have enhanced. These dynasties have developed different faiths and ideologies that have, in turn, affected literature, folklore, architecture, music, paintings, and other arts.

Only this southern state has geographical boundaries with the other four states in southern India. Some of ancient and medieval India's most renowned dynasties have called Karnataka home.

9. Gujrat

Top 10 Population State in India
  • Capital: Gandhinagar
  • Largest city: Ahmedabad

Gujarat, which holds a 75686 sq km region on the Arabian Sea's west coast, is India's seventh-largest state. India's 2011 census indicates that there are around 60,383,628 residents.

Gandhinagar is the state's capital, while other important cities include Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Surat, Rajkot, and Bhavnagar. Gujarat is one of the states with the greatest industrialization levels and a low unemployment rate.

10. Andhra Pradesh

Top 10 Population State in India
  • Legislative Capital: Amaravati
  • Executive capital: Visakhapatnam
  • Judicial capital: Kurnool
  • Largest city: Visakhapatnam

Southeast of the Indian subcontinent is where Andhra Pradesh is situated. For over six decades, Telangana was a part of Andhra Pradesh; however, in 2014, it was divided away to become an independent state.

Hyderabad serves as both Andhra Pradesh's and Telangana's capitals. The state's name comes from the Andhra people, who have lived in the region since ancient and have created their language, Telugu. Because of the Andhras' demand for a separate state, Andhra Pradesh was created in 1956 in its present form.


These are populated states in India. These have their culture, industries, and tourism, which make them renowned.

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