GUI Operating System
An operating system is software that provides an interface between the user and the hardware. The computer cannot perform any task without an operating system. The operating system controls and manages the operation of computer hardware.
The evolution of operating systems had made PCs easier to use and understand, flexible and reliable. Some popular, modern graphical user interfaces include Microsoft Windows, macOS, Ubuntu Unity, and GNOME Shell for desktop environments, Android, Apple's iOS, BlackBerry OS, Windows 10 Mobile, Palm OS-WebOS, and Firefox OS for smartphones.
Modern operating systems and graphical user interfaces are incorporated into every interactive application, such as ATMs, video games, smartphones, self-service checkouts, airline self-ticketing and check-in, and desktops.
Some operating systems are graphical user interfaces (GUI), and some are command-line interfaces (CLI).
What is GUI OS?
GUI stands for Graphical User Interface. It is a visual representation of communication presented to the user for easy interaction with the machine. The actions in a GUI are usually performed through direct manipulation of graphical elements like buttons and icons. Communication can be performed by interacting with these icons rather than the usual text-based or command-based communication.
There are different elements and objects that the user use to interact with the software to make a user friendly GUI.
Types of GUI based Operating System
Sketchpad, believed to be the first graphical computer-aided design program, was developed in 1962 by Ivan Sutherland at MIT and consisted of a light pen that enabled users to create and manipulate objects in engineering drawings in real time with coordinated graphics. The different types of the operating system based on GUI are as follows:
1. Microsoft Windows
Microsoft Windows is one of the most common GUI based operating systems. It is developed and marketed by Microsoft. The current version of Microsoft Windows is Windows 10. Moreover, it has several earlier versions like Windows XP, Windows 8, Windows 7, etc. Besides, the most common editions for home computers are Windows Home (Win Home) and Windows Professional (Win Pro or Windows Pro).
Linux is a popular operating system. It is not a part of any particular firm or organization. Rather, it was developed by a programmer Linus Torvalds in 1991. It is an open-source operating system. Today, LINUX is run in many organizations, private offices, on mobiles, supercomputers, over the internet, etc.
It already contains almost all the features of UNIX OS. Moreover, it also has some additional features. It contains various user interfaces like GNOME, KDE, Mate, Cinnamon, etc. And it has several versions of distributions as follows UBUNTU, DEBIAN, SOLAS, LINUX MINT, etc.
It is one of the most common versions of the operating system today. It is used on mobile phones and tablets. Most versions of it are the open-source operating system.
4. Apple iOS
After android, it is one of the most popular OS. It is designed to run on Apple devices such as iPhones, iPad tablets, etc.
It is the operating system used in Apple laptops and Apple desktops. Moreover, Its most popular features are Siri and FaceTime.
How Graphical User Interface Works?
Graphical user interface design principles follow the model-view-controller software pattern, which separates internal representations of information from how information is presented to the user, resulting in a platform where users are shown which functions are possible rather than requiring the input of command codes.
Advantages of Graphical User Interfaces
Graphical user interfaces operating system has the following most common advantages:
Difference between GUI and CUI Operating System
The interface can be understood as the medium we communicate with each other. In the same way, to communicate with the computer, we have interfaces. There are two types of interface one is the graphical user interface, and the other one is the command-line interface.
A command user interface (CUI) processes commands to a computer program in the form of lines of text. The program which handles the interface is called a command-line interpreter or command-line processor. Operating systems implement a command-line interface in a shell for interactive access to operating system functions or services.
The graphical user interface (GUI) allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and audio indicators such as primary notation instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels, or text navigation. Below are some more differences between GUI and CUI Operating System, such as: