Difference between UNIX and Windows Operating System
In this article, you will learn the difference between the UNIX and Windows operating systems. But before discussing the differences, you must know about the UNIX and Windows operating systems with their advantages and disadvantages.
What is UNIX Operating System?
The UNIX operating system is a set of programs that link the computer and the user. UNIX operating system was created in the 1960s and has been updated continuously since then. It is a powerful multi-user, multitasking OS created by AT&T Bell Laboratories. It is quite popular among scientists, engineers, and academics because of its most valued properties such as flexibility, portability, network capabilities, etc. It is a stable, multi-user, multitasking system for servers, PCs, and laptops. It is written in the C language, enabling the UNIX operating system to operate on various platforms.
UNIX operating system comes with a Command Line Interface (CLI). UNIX knowledge is required for actions that aren't covered by graphical software or when there isn't a window interface available, such as during a telnet session.
Advantages and Disadvantages of UNIX Operating System
There are various advantages and disadvantages of a UNIX operating system. Some of the advantages and disadvantages of the UNIX operating system are as follows:
- Many large online stores operate their websites on UNIX or Linux servers. It has also been used to control mobile phones and other electronic devices.
- It consumes less memory when running complicated programs. It may handle the virtual memory very effectively. The virtual memory grows as many programs come into the main memory. In UNIX, most of the jobs are completed with fewer resources.
- The UNIX operating system is both free and safe, so it is commonly used by web hosting providers. Domain Name Server (DNS), Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP), and the webserver are all tools used by many web hosting servers.
- It allows you to open many programs, and all the programs execute in parallel using multiprocessor technology.
- It offers numerous users a safe and secure environment to interact with servers online without worrying about security issues. The communication with the UNIX servers is quick and error-free.
- Multiple web servers and electronic devices do not require user participation. It is an excellent choice for machines and systems that require little or no user interactions. It may handle the automatic working of systems very effectively.
- For UNIX, there is no proper documentation available. If the user has an issue, he must seek the advice of an expert, as obtaining online assistance from the documentation is quite difficult.
- UNIX commands are far more difficult to learn than Windows, MS-DOS, and macOS.
- It is difficult to use for new users. Because most UNIX work is done with commands in the CLI, beginners must learn various commands. It is designed exclusively for programmers, not for new users. Some users with a lot of experience have trouble utilizing the commands since the names of some commands are extremely different.
- Most of the UNIX commands use cryptic words. It's tough for a non-technical user to grasp how commands work. Some commands use unusual characters, and it may be difficult for new programmers to grasp them.
- The user interface of the UNIX operating system is not attractive.
- Some variants of UNIX need most memory usage.
What is Windows Operating System?
Windows is an operating system that was designed and developed by Microsoft Cooperation. It is one of the most famous OSs around the world. Windows uses a Graphical User Interface (GUI). It allows the users to store files, watch videos, run software, play games, and access the Internet. The first version of Microsoft Windows is version 1.0 that was released on November 10, 1983. Microsoft Windows comes in various versions, including Windows XP, Vista, Windows 95, Windows 7, 8, 10, and 11.
The first business-oriented Windows version, known as Windows NT 3.1, was introduced in 1993. The next versions, Windows 3.5, 4/0, and Windows 2000, were released. Microsoft created the various versions of Windows XP for home and the commercial environment when it was released in 2001. It was built using common x86 hardware, like AMD and Intel processors. Therefore, it may run on different hardware, including HP, Dell, Sony systems, and custom-built PCs.
The Windows operating system comes with very useful features. The user may easily create folders and arrange their files. The start button can be used to locate the installed software on the system. Users may also use the start button to access the control panel and get system help and support. Different themes may also be used to customize the desktop. It also comes with various helpful software, including Microsoft Excel, PowerPoint, and Word.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Windows Operating System
There are various advantages and disadvantages of a Windows operating system. Some of the advantages and disadvantages of the Windows operating system are as follows:
- The Windows platform is suitable for game and software developers. Because Windows has a large user base, so designers want to create utilities, games, and programming for the operating system.
- Windows 10 is intended for use on both touch-screen devices and desktop systems. Windows 10's user interface is meant to operate better with a Windows gadget.
- As the Windows operating system is used by 95% of users, most equipment merchants create drivers for Windows.
- Most equipment may be differentiated naturally by attachment and play include. You do not require to install the equipment physically, but it is used when linked, like a console, mouse, webcam, cell phone, etc.
- All versions of Microsoft Windows have something in common that allows users to switch from one version to another easily. Users of Windows 7 will have no difficulty switching to Windows 10 because the majority of the features of Windows 10 are the same as those of Windows 7. The user interface of Windows is also easier to use than those of UNIX and MAC.
- Most of Windows's products are paid, such as design programming, games, download chief, and another popular programming. Users must purchase these products or pay a monthly charge to use them.
- Linux operating system is open-source and free to use for anyone, but Windows requires a purchased license and cannot be used for free. Windows operating system is also expensive. You'll also need to purchase other Microsoft software, such as MS Office, to do regular office work on the system.
- Windows have a high amount of hacker attacks. Hackers may easily crack Windows security. As a result, Windows users are relying on anti-virus software and must pay monthly charges to firms to secure their data. In addition, Windows users must keep their operating systems up to date in order to receive security fixes.
- Windows operating system support is not ideal for most users. Only a few significant enterprises may rely on the Windows team for assistance. Common users must look for forums to fix their problems.
- If you install Windows, your computer will have plenty of RAM, lots of good hard drive space, and a good graphics card. It is due to the features used in Windows. If you wish to install graphics applications, such as Photoshop, you should have at least 16 GB of RAM.
Main differences between the UNIX and Windows operating system
There are various main differences between the UNIX and Windows operating systems. Some of the main differences between the UNIX and Windows operating systems are as follows:
- UNIX operating system comes with a Command Line Interface (CLI). In contrast, Windows operating system comes with a Graphical User Interface (GUI).
- Multiprocessing is possible in the UNIX OS. In contrast, multiprocessing is not possible in the Windows operating system.
- UNIX is a free and open-source OS. In contrast, Windows is a licensed OS.
- UNIX is a command-based OS. In contrast, Windows is a menu-based OS.
- Unix is fully case-sensitive, and files can be considered separate files. In contrast, Windows has case sensitivity as an option.
- Unix operating system is known for being very stable to execute. Although Windows stability has improved greatly in recent years, most Unix systems remain far superior in this context.
- UNIX systems have limited hardware support. Some hardware could not have drivers available. In contrast, the Windows operating system contains almost all of the drivers for all of the available hardware.
- Unix is a flexible operating system that may be installed on various systems, including mainframes, supercomputers, and microcomputers. Unix also promotes new software design ideas, such as solving problems by connecting simpler tools rather than developing massive, monolithic applications. In contrast, the Windows operating system is less powerful than Unix, but it is comparatively simple to operate in terms of capabilities.
- The UNIX operating system utilizes the ERR and STD.IO file systems and the UFS (Unix File System) treat all physical drives as if they were one logical drive. It has a stable and effective file system. A hierarchical tree with a single root represents the file system. On the other hand, Windows uses the New Technology File System (NTFS) and File Allocation Table (FAT32) systems to handle files and requires the owner of executables before executing them. Files are stored into folders on several hard drives, like C, D, and E.
- Users may save two files with the same name in the UNIX operating system. In contrast, the user may not save two files with the same name in Windows operating system.
Head-to-head comparison between the UNIX operating system and Windows operating system
There are various head-to-head comparisons between the UNIX and Windows operating systems. Some of the main head-to-head comparisons of the UNIX and Windows operating systems are as follows:
||UNIX Operating System
||Windows Operating System
||It comes with a Command Line Interface (CLI).
||It comes with a Graphical User Interface (GUI).
||It is a free and open-source operating system.
||It is a licensed operating system.
||It is more secure because all system updates require explicit user permission.
||It is less secure than UNIX operating system.
||It supports multiprocessing.
||It doesn't support multiprocessing.
||It is fully case-sensitive, and files can be considered separate files.
||It has case sensitivity as an option.
||It is a command-based operating system.
||It is a menu-based operating system.
||In a UNIX system, hardware support is limited. Some hardware could not have drivers built-in.
||Almost all hardware has drivers available.
||It uses the Unix File System (UFS), which includes the STD.ERR and STD.IO file systems.
||It makes use of the New Technology File System (NTFS) and the File Allocation System (FAT32).
||Unix and its distributions are well known for their high level of stability.
||Although Windows has become more stable in recent years, it still falls short of the reliability offered by Unix systems.
|Data Backup and Recovery
||Creating a backup and recovery system in UNIX is time-consuming, but it is becoming easier with the release of new Unix distributions.
||It contains a built-in backup and recovery system that makes it more user-friendly.