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Fedora Operating System

Fedora operating system is an open-source operating system that is based on the Linux OS kernel architecture. A group of developers was developed the Fedora operating system under the Fedora Project. It is sponsored by Red Hat. It is designed as a secure operating system for the general-purpose. Fedora operating system offers a suite of virus protection, system tools, office productivity services, media playback, and other desktop application.

According to the Fedora Project, it is always free to use, modify, and distribute. Fedora OS is integrated with applications and packaged software. This operating system enhances the abilities of the software. It offers the same consistency, procedures, and functionality as a traditional OS. Fedora operating system is the second most commonly used distribution of Linux after Ubuntu.

There are over 100 distributions based on the Fedora operating system, including the XO operating system of Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Features of Fedora Operating System

List of the Fedora OS features:

  • Fedora OS offers many architectures.
  • Fedora OS is a very reliable and stable operating system.
  • It provides unique security features.
  • Fedora OS provides a very powerful firewall.
  • Fedora OS is very easy to use.
  • It supports a large community.
  • Fedora OS is actively developed.
  • Fedora OS is an open-source OS.
  • The interface of Fedora OS is very attractive.
  • This operating system offers live mode tools.
  • This operating system enhances internet speed.

Fedora OS comes with many pre-installed applications and tools, such as Internet Browser, PDF and Word files Viewer, Pre-installed Games, Libre Office Suite, Programming language Support, etc.

Fedora is a very stable, secure, and light-weight operating system. It supports different types of architectures, such as IBM Z, AMD x86-x64, Intel i686, IBM Power64le, ARM-hfp, MIPS-64el, ARM AArch64, IBM Power64, etc. Usually, it also works on the latest Linux kernel.

Fedora Linux

Specifications of Fedora Linux

Fedora has a reputation for concentrating on invocation, developing new technologies, and closely working with upstream Linux communities. Applying changes upstream rather than specifically for Fedora Linux guarantees that the modifications are available to every Linux distribution.

Relatively, Fedora Linux has a short life cycle; all versions are usually supported for three months at least, whereas the X version is only supported until one month after the X+2 version is published and with approx six months between almost all versions. The users of Fedora Linux can upgrade from release to release without reinstalling.

  • Package management

Almost all editions of Fedora Linux utilize the RPM package management system, with DNF as a tool to handle the RPM packages. Here, DNF utilizes libsolv, which is an external dependency resolver. Also, flatpak is by default included and supports snap packages. Fedora Linux utilizes Delta RPM if updating packages to offer delta updates. Any Delta RPM includes the difference between a new and an old package version. It means that only the modifications between the new package and the installed one are downloaded, decreasing bandwidth consumption and network traffic.

  • Security

By default, Fedora Linux utilizes Security-Enhanced Linux, which implements a range of security policies, such as mandatory access controls, which Fedora Linux adopted early on. It offers a hardening wrapper and so hardening for each of its packages by utilizing compiler features like PIE (position-independent executable).

  • Software

Fedora Linux is available pre-installed with a huge variety of software like Firefox and LibreOffice. Additional software from the software repositories is available and can be installed with the GNOME Software or DNA package manager.

Different repositories can additionally be included in the system so that software not present in Fedora Linux can be easily installed. Software that's not available by official Fedora repositories, either due to it doesn't meet the definition of free software of Fedora or its distribution may disrupt US law, can be installed with third-party repositories.

  • System installer

As a system installer, Fedora Linux utilizes Anaconda.

Editions of Fedora Linux

Starting with Fedora version 30, It's available in five different editions. Where two editions are treated as secondary, and three versions are treated as primary as of version 35.

Primary editions

  • Workstation It targets those who want a powerful, user-friendly, and reliable operating system for their desktop and laptop computers. By default, it provides GNOME, but other desktops can also be installed and can directly be installed as Spins.
  • Internet of Things

The Fedora Linux images are tailored to execute on IoT devices. It supports aarch64, armhfp, and x86_64 processors.

  • Server

Its target management is for servers. It contains modern data center technologies. This version does not provide a desktop environment, but anyone can be installed. The server edition will provide Fedora modularity and additional support for other update streams for famous software like Go and Node.js from Fedora 28.

Secondary editions

  • CoreOS

The successor of Container Linux and Fedora Atomic Host after Fedora 29, it offers a minimal Fedora Linux image which contains only the bare essentials. It's not to be distracted with Fedora Core. It is developed for distribution in cloud computing. It offers Fedora CoreOS images optimized minimal images to deploy containers.

  • Silverblue

It is an immutable desktop OS. All silverblue installations are identical to all other installations of a similar version, and it never modifies as it's used. This immutable design is proposed to make the OS more stable, establish a platform, easier to develop and test, and less prone to errors for containerized applications and container-based software development.

  • Labs

Also, the Fedora Project distributes Fedora Linux custom variations known as Fedora Labs, similar to Debian blends. These are created with specific groups of software packages, targeting unique interests like scientific computing, robotics, designs, security, and gaming.

  • Remixes and Spins

Officially, the Fedora Project distributes distinct variations known as "Fedora Spins". These are Fedora Linux with distinct desktop environments. The project permits unofficial variants to utilize the "Fedora Remix" term without prompting for further permission.

  • Architectures

ARM-hfp, ARM AArch64, and x86_64 are the primary architectures offered by Fedora. Also, Fedora supports RISC-V, MIPS-el, MIPS-64el, IBM Z, and IBM Power64le as secondary architectures as of version 35.

  • Alternatives

Also, the Fedora Project distributes many other versions with fewer use cases than discussed above, like minimal installation images and network installers. They are meant for expert users or special cases that wish to include custom installations or set up Fedora using scratch.

Fedora Server

Fedora Server is a very flexible and powerful OS. It keeps all your infrastructure and services under your control. Fedora operating system offers the latest data center technologies.

Advantages of Fedora Operating System

  1. Fedora OS is a very reliable and stable operating system.
  2. It enhances the security in this operating system.
  3. It offers many graphical tools.
  4. This operating system updates automatically.
  5. This OS supports many file formats.
  6. It also offers many education software.
  7. It supports a large community.
  8. It provides unique security features.

Disadvantages of Fedora Operating System

  1. It requires a long time to set up.
  2. It requires additional software tools for the server.
  3. It does not provide any standard model for multi-file objects.
  4. Fedora has its own server, so we can't work on another server in real-time.

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