Difference between long term Scheduler and short term Scheduler
A process is a program in execution. Modern computer systems use a variety of processes. Scheduling is the process of picking one process from various processes and assigning it to the processor for execution. The scheduler aids in completing this task. Long-term schedulers and short-term schedulers are the two main types of schedulers. Overall, the long-term scheduler maintains a high multiprogramming level, but the short-term scheduler allows the system to run better. In this article, you will learn the difference between a long-term scheduler and a short-term scheduler. But before discussing the differences, you must know about the long-term and short-term scheduler in the operating system.
What is a long-term scheduler?
Long term scheduler is also referred the job scheduler. Various processes are waiting for execution on a computer. These processes are waiting in the job queue. The long-term schedulers choose a job from the job queue or system memory and bring that job to the ready queue to execute in the main memory. Generally, the long-term scheduler chooses a balanced mix of processor-bound and input/output-bound processes from the secondary memory. Moreover, the multiprogramming degree is defined as the maximum number of processes in the ready state. It also helps to manage the multiprogramming degree.
What is a short-term scheduler?
The short-term scheduler is also referred to as a CPU Scheduler. The short-term scheduler's main job is to choose a process from the Ready Queue that is ready to run and assign the processor to it. In comparison to the long-term scheduler, short-term Scheduler execution is frequent. It has less control over the Multiprogramming Degree. In the Time-Sharing System, the short-term scheduler is the minimum available.
Main differences between the long term scheduler and short term scheduler
Here, you will learn the main differences between the long-term scheduler and the short-term scheduler. Various differences between the long term scheduler and the short term scheduler are as follows:
Head-to-head comparison between the long term scheduler and short term scheduler
Here, you will learn the head-to-head comparison between the long-term and short-term scheduler. Some of the head-to-head comparisons of the long-term and short-term scheduler are as follows:
For scheduling purposes, both long-term and short-term schedulers are necessary. A long-term scheduler loads processes from memory into the Ready Queue. In contrast, the short-term scheduler assigns CPU to the current process in the Ready Queue.