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HTML <area> tag


The <area> tag defines the clickable areas or active areas inside the image-map which are associated with the hyperlinks. If you click on those areas then it will perform some action such as open a new image, new URL, etc. This tag is always used with <map> element.

Inside an image map different areas can be hyperlinked to various locations using multiple <area> elements in a single <map> element.

The <area> element is defined with (required) attributes shape and coords. The shape attribute specifies the shape of the area such as rectangle, circle, square, and polygon. The coords attribute defines the coordinates of areas inside the image.

What is Image-map

An image-map is defined as a graphical image with active areas so that when user click on those area, it can link to different destinations. To define an image-map, we require the following things:

  • An HTML <img> element with usemap attribute which defines a valid map name.
  • HTML <map> element with name attribute whose value must be same as usemap
  • One or more <area> elements inside a <map> element which create clickable areas in an image-map.


Following are some specifications about the HTML <area> tag

Display Block
Start tag/End tag Only start tag(End tag forbidden)
Usage Image Map


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HTML area tag


Tag-specific attributes:

Attribute Value Description
alt text An alternative text String to display on the browser if it does not display the image.
coords x1,y1,x2,y2(rect) Defines coordinates for the upper left and lower right of a rectangle.
x,y, radius(circle) Defines coordinates for the circle.
x1,y1,x2,y2,x3,y3,..(polygon) Defines the polygon vertices.
href href URL It determines the hyperlink destination for the active area.
target _blank Open link in a new window
_parent Open link in the parent frame
_self Open link in current window
_top Open link with full width in the same window
frame_name In the frame. (Not supported in HTML5)
shape default It defines the default area(rectangular).
rect It defines the rectangular area.
circle Defines the circular area.
poly Defines the polygonal.
download filename Defines that hyperlink, which is used for downloading the resource.
relHTML Tags List alternate
It defines the relationship between current and linked document.
hreflangHTML Tags List language_code It specifies the language of the linked resource.
typeHTML Tags List media_type It specifies the MIME type of linked source.(Not supported in HTML5)

Global attribute:

The <area> tag supports the global attributes in HTML

Event attribute:

The <area> tag supports the event attributes in HTML.

Supporting Browsers

Elementchrome browser Chromeie browser IEfirefox browser Firefoxopera browser Operasafari browser Safari
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