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HTML form Attribute

HTML <form> element attributes

In HTML there are various attributes available for <form> element which are given below:

HTML action attribute

The action attribute of <form> element defines the process to be performed on form when form is submitted, or it is a URI to process the form information.

The action attribute value defines the web page where information proceed. It can be .php, .jsp, .asp, etc. or any URL where you want to process your form.

Note: If action attribute value is blank then form will be processed to the same page.

Example:

Test it Now

Output:

Demo of action attribute of form element







It will redirect to a new page "action.html" when you click on submit button


HTML method attribute

The method attribute defines the HTTP method which browser used to submit the form. The possible values of method attribute can be:

  • post: We can use the post value of method attribute when we want to process the sensitive data as it does not display the submitted data in URL.

Example:

  • get: The get value of method attribute is default value while submitting the form. But this is not secure as it displays data in URL after submitting the form.

Example:

When submitting the data, it will display the entered data in the form of:


HTML target attribute

The target attribute defines where to open the response after submitting the form. The following are the keywords used with the target attribute.

  • _self: If we use _self as an attribute value, then the response will display in current page only.

Example:

  • _blank: If we use _blank as an attribute it will load the response in a new page.

Example:


HTML autocomplete attribute

The HTML autocomplete attribute is a newly added attribute of HTML5 which enables an input field to complete automatically. It can have two values "on" and "off" which enables autocomplete either ON or OFF. The default value of autocomplete attribute is "on".

Example:

Example:

Note: it can be used with <form> element and <input> element both.


HTML enctype attribute

The HTML enctype attribute defines the encoding type of form-content while submitting the form to the server. The possible values of enctype can be:

  • application/x-www-form-urlencoded: It is default encoding type if the enctype attribute is not included in the form. All characters are encoded before submitting the form.

Example:

  • multipart/form-data: It does not encode any character. It is used when our form contains file-upload controls.

Example:

  • text/plain (HTML5): In this encoding type only space are encoded into + symbol and no any other special character encoded.

Example:


HTML novalidate attribute HTML5

The novalidate attribute is newly added Boolean attribute of HTML5. If we apply this attribute in form then it does not perform any type of validation and submit the form.

Example:

Test it Now

Output:

Fill the form

Enter name:

Enter age:

Enter email:

Try to change the form detials with novalidate atttribute and without novalidate attribute and see the difference.


HTML <input> element attribute

HTML name attribute

The HTML name attribute defines the name of an input element. The name and value attribute are included in HTTP request when we submit the form.

Note: One should not omit the name attribute as when we submit the form the HTTP request includes both name-value pair and if name is not available it will not process that input field.

Example:

Test it Now

Output:

Fill the form

Enter name:

Enter age:

Enter email:

Note: If you will not use name attribute in any input field, then that input field will not be submitted, when submit the form.

Click on submit and see the URL where email is not included in HTTP request as we have not used name attribute in the email input field


HTML value attribute

The HTML value attribute defines the initial value or default value of an input field.

Example:

Test it Now

Output:

Fill the form










Note: In password input filed the value attribute will always unclear


HTML required attribute HTML5

HTML required is a Boolean attribute which specifies that user must fill that filed before submitting the form.

Example:

Test it Now

Output:

Fill the form







If you will try to submit the form without completing email field then it will give an error pop up.


HTML autofocus attribute HTML5

The autofocus is a Boolean attribute which enables a field automatically focused when a webpage loads.

Example:


HTML placeholder attribute HTML5

The placeholder attribute specifies a text within an input field which informs the user about the expected input of that filed.

The placeholder attribute can be used with text, password, email, and URL values.

When the user enters the value, the placeholder will be automatically removed.

Example:

Test it Now

Output:

Registration form











HTML disabled attribute

The HTML disabled attribute when applied then it disable that input field. The disabled field does not allow the user to interact with that field.

The disabled input filed does not receive click events, and these input value will not be sent to the server when submitting the form.

Example:

Test it Now

Output:

Registration form











HTML size attribute

The size attribute controls the size of the input field in typed characters.

Example:

Test it Now

Output:

Registration form with disbaled attribute











HTML form attribute

HTML form attribute allows a user to specify an input filed outside the form but remains the part of the parent form.

Example:

Test it Now

Output:

User Name:


User password:


The email field is outside the form but still it will remain part of the form

User email:

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