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Biodiversity is required in practically every aspect of our lives. We assess biodiversity for a number of reasons, several practical and some fundamental. This means that we value biodiversity for what it offers to us as well as for its own sake. The various vital human requirements that biodiversity offers, such as food, fuel, shelter, and medicine, are examples of utilitarian values. Ecosystems also conduct vital tasks such as "pollination, seed dispersion, temperature regulation, water purification, nutrient cycling, and pest control". Biodiversity is also valuable for prospective advantages that have yet to be discovered, such as novel medications and other potentially unknown services.


Humans cherish biodiversity for cultural reasons as well, such as spiritual or religious ones. The inherent value of biodiversity implies its intrinsic worth that is separate from its financial worth. This is a philosophical idea that might be conceived of as the unalienable right to exist. Finally, the significance of biodiversity may be seen through the lens of the connections we make and strive for with one another and with the rest of nature. We may appreciate biodiversity because it influences who we are, how we interact with one another, and societal conventions. These relational values are a component of people's individual or communal feeling of well-being, responsibility for, and connection to the environment. The many values assigned to biodiversity are significant because they can impact the conservation decisions that individuals make on a daily basis.

What is biodiversity?

"Biodiversity states to the variability of life that may be retrieved in a given place, including animals, plants, fungi, and even microbes such as bacteria". Each of these species and creatures collaborates in ecosystems to preserve equilibrium and support life, much like an elaborate web. 'Biodiversity supplies everything humans need in nature to survive: food, clean water, medicine, and shelter.'

The adjective "biodiversity" refers to the great variety of life on Earth. It may also be used to refer to all of the species in a certain location or habitat. Every living creature, including plants, microbes, animals, and people, is included in the term "biodiversity." Scientists believe that there are around nine million plants and animal types on the planet. However, only about 1.2 million species have been located and described thus far, with the majority of them being insects. This means that millions of different creatures are completely unknown.


It is astonishingly diversified. The most basic factor to examine is species. There are approximately 1700000 identified animal, plant, and fungal species, but there are likely to be 8-9 million, and maybe up to a hundred million. The tropics, which are teeming with species, are the core of biodiversity. In fifteen hectares (37 acres) of Borneo forest, for illustration, there are seven hundred tree varieties, which is the equivalent as in all of North America.

Recent research into genetic variety has shown that organisms assumed to be a single species may actually be several. When bacteria and viruses are included, the number of different creatures may likely be in the billions. A single tablespoon of soil contains 10,000 to 50,000 distinct varieties of bacteria, which eventually supplies 90 percent of all food. Numerous species are vanishing before we ever realize who they are or what role they play in the cycle of life, which is the reason for concern. These initiatives have been aided by ongoing attempts to strengthen environmental policies at the local, regional, and global levels. Ultimately, lifestyle choices made by individuals and communities may have a significant impact on biodiversity and the environment.

Types of biodiversity

The following are the three categories of biodiversity:

  1. Genetic Biodiversity- It refers to the differences in the inherent possessions of organisms. Every member of a given species is genetically distinct from one another. As a result, each person has a distinct appearance. Similarly, multiple varieties of the same species of rice, wheat, maize, barley, and so on exist.
  2. Species Biodiversity- The multiplicity of various categories of species retrieved in certain whereabouts is referred to as species diversity. It is biodiversity at its most fundamental. It encompasses all species, from plants to various microbes.
  3. Ecological Biodiversity- An ecosystem is a collection of living and nonliving creatures and their interactions. Ecological biodiversity refers to the diversity of plant and animal species that coexist and are linked through food chains and food webs.

Importance of Biodiversity


Biodiversity is important to humans for a multitude of reasons. Many individuals feel that biodiversity has intrinsic value, which indicates that each species has a value and a right to exist regardless of whether or not it is valued by humans.

  • Biodiversity maintains functional ecosystems that provide oxygen, clean air and water, plant pollination, pest control, wastewater treatment, and a range of other ecosystem services.
  • Humans depend on biodiversity for raw materials for usage and industry.
  • Biodiversity provides a wealth of systematic ecological data that assists in our knowledge of the natural world and its beginnings.
  • Biodiversity is also crucial to our tourism industry.

Intimidations to Biodiversity

Across the last century, humans have come to dominate the earth, resulting in rapid ecological change and massive biodiversity loss all over the globe. Changes and extinctions have always happened on Earth, but they are happening at an unprecedented rate right now. "Habitat loss and fragmentation, unsustainable resource use, invasive species, pollution, and global climate change are all major direct threats to biodiversity.'' The fundamental causes of biodiversity loss, such as increasing human population and overconsumption, are frequently complicated and result from a variety of interconnected variables.

Good News for Biodiversity

The good news is that we can adjust our behavior to assist maintain species survival as well as the health and integrity of natural systems. We can effectively handle conservation concerns if we understand biodiversity risks and how they manifest in context. Conservation initiatives over the previous few decades have made a substantial influence in the current status of biodiversity. Over one lakh protected areas, comprising nature reserves, animal refuges, game reserves, and marine protected areas, are managed by both governments and local organizations and provide habitat for wildlife while also assisting in deforestation management. When habitat protection is insufficient, other forms of conservation measures, such as restoration, reintroduction, and invasive species control, have had a good impact.

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