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Blood Pressure Range

Blood Pressure (BP)

The blood's force against the walls of arteries is measured as blood pressure. The heart pumps blood into arteries with every heartbeat and occurs 60 to 100 times every minute.

Blood Pressure Range

Blood pressure fluctuates throughout the day. It is affected by several things, such as body position, exercise, sleep, and breathing. Heart failure, stroke, heart attack, or kidney damage can occur from persistent hypertension. BP is essential as it delivers WBC and hormones like insulin.

Meaning of blood pressure numbers

  1. Two numbers are utilized to represent bp. The mmHg is the unit used to measure blood pressure.
  2. Systolic blood pressure is the first number, representing the pressure in the arteries when the heart beats.
  3. The second number is diastolic blood pressure, which represents the flow in your arteries between heartbeats.
  4. For instance, if your blood pressure is "140 over 90" or 140/90 mmHg, it signifies that the systolic and diastolic pressures are 140 mmHg and 90 mmHg, respectively.

Measuring blood pressure

The ideal time to take your blood pressure is when you are calm and seated. A pressure cuff that inflates and wraps around your upper arm is typically used for measuring blood pressure. This cuff is a component of a device known as a sphygmomanometer. According to what your body requires, your BP varies. Your doctor may take multiple additional blood pressure readings if a reading is high before determining your high blood pressure.

Things that can impact readings of blood pressure:

  • Smoking
  • Caffeine-containing beverages such as coffee
  • Recent physical exercise
  • Your mental state, as well as the time of day, have an impact on your blood pressure.
  • Full bladder

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

Hypertension is occurred due to dangerous lifestyle choices like smoking, being overweight, alcohol consumption, and lack of exercise. The chance of developing several major long-term health conditions, such as coronary heart disease, is increased by high blood pressure.

Blood Pressure Range

Symptoms and indicators for high blood pressure

Since high blood pressure typically has no signs or warnings, many people are unaware they have it. The only method to determine if you have high BP is to measure it.

Some people with hypertension might have the following symptoms:

  • Headaches
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Nosebleeds

Types of high blood pressure

1. Primary hypertension

When your BP is too high but not due to a medical issue, this is known as primary hypertension. Obesity, family history, and a poor diet cause this kind of hypertension. High blood pressure can rise with atherosclerosis.

2. Secondary Hypertension

Some health issues or the use of specific medications can lead to secondary high blood pressure.

Secondary hypertension can occur from the following health issues and medicines:

  1. Kidney disease
  2. Tumors of the adrenal gland
  3. Congenital heart defects
  4. Obstructive sleep apnea
  5. Issues with the thyroid
  6. Contraception tablets, flu and cold medications, and other medications.

High blood pressure and risk

1. Heart Disease

Your arteries become less elastic by hypertension, which reduces the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart and increases the chances of heart disease. Additionally, the less blood supply to the heart can result in the following:

  • Chest pain
  • Heart attack
  • Heart failure

2. Eye Problems

Several tiny blood vessels in your eyes are easily strained or harmed by hypertension. Additionally, it might make your optic nerve bulge. Sometimes, lowering blood pressure might help with eyesight issues. However, uncontrolled high blood pressure can result in irreversible eyesight loss or disability.

3. Metabolic Syndrome

This syndrome is a collection of metabolic diseases in the body. It includes the abnormal breakdown of glucose. You are more susceptible to developing diabetes, heart disease, and stroke if you have this illness.

4. Changes in Memory

High bp may affect one's capacity to think, remember, and learn.

5. Kidney Issues

Your kidneys aid in detoxifying your body and controlling its complex operations. The kidney's arteries may become damaged as a result of hypertension. This might impact their performance and result in kidney failure in the worst-case scenario.

Low Blood Pressure

If systolic and diastolic blood pressure value is less than 90 and 60 mmHg is often referred to as having low BP.

Blood Pressure Range

Causes of low blood pressure

  1. Some people experience low BP as they age.
  2. It is affected by your actions and emotions.
  3. It can be low because you're physically strong and healthy, or it might be a genetic trait you received from your parents.
  4. It might also be occurred by:
    • Pregnancy
    • Some health issues, including diabetes
    • Some medications

Symptoms of low blood pressure

  1. Light-headedness or dizziness
  2. Confusion
  3. Generally feeling weak
  4. Blurred vision
  5. Fainting
  6. Feeling sick

Do's and Don't to Reduce Your Low Blood Pressure Symptoms


  1. Carefully stand up from the seated posture.
  2. Eat little, frequent meals.
  3. Increase your water consumption.


  1. Don't sit or stand for too long.
  2. Avoid rapid position changes or bending down.
  3. Avoiding caffeine-containing beverages at night
  4. Avoid excessive consumption of alcohol.

Blood Pressure Range

Blood Pressure Range
Category Systolic Diastolic
1. Normal Below 120 And Below 80
2. Elevated 120-129 And Under 80
3. High BP Stage 1 130-139 Or 80-89
4. High BP Stage 2 140 or more Or 90 or more
5. Hypertensive crisis 180 or more And / Or 120 or more

FAQs on Blood Pressure

1. Which factors raise your risk of having high BP?


1) Age:

As you become older, the probability of having hypertension increases. Up until age 64, gents are more prone than ladies to hypertension. At age 65, ladies are more prone to have hypertension.

  • Too Much Alcohol:
  • Alcohol abuse can lead to high bp.
  • The recommended daily limit for women is one drink.
  • The recommended daily limit for men is two drinks.
  • Family History:

If your father, mother, or sibling has hypertension, your chances of getting it are increased.

2) Race:

Black people experience hypertension earlier in life than white people.

3) Overweight or Obesity:

The kidneys and blood arteries change due to extra weight. These changes increase BP. The possibility of heart disease and related risks, such as excessive cholesterol, is also increased by being obese or overweight.

4) Physical Inactivity:

Exercise keeps your heart and blood vessels robust and healthy, which may lower your blood pressure. Maintaining an ideal weight helps to reduce your blood pressure.

5) Stress:

A lot of tension might cause high BP.

2. How can I lower or manage my blood pressure?


  • Avoid smoking
  • Maintaining a healthy weight.
  • Controlling stress.
  • 150 minutes or more of exercise each week is suggested.
  • Some persons with hypertension use medicine to control their BP.

3. What values for blood pressure are considered normal?


The normal range for bp is 90/60 mmHg to 120/80 mmHg.

4. What symptoms indicate high blood pressure?


Only a doctor or other qualified medical professional can figure out if you're suffering from hypertension. Measuring the bp is easy and painless. High bp typically has no symptoms, and many people are unaware they have it.

5. Which drinks are beneficial for high bp?


The following drinks can aid in lowering bp:

1) Skimmed Milk:

Yogurt and skim milk, the two having a low-fat content, that can aid in lowering high bp. According to a study, switching to low-fat dairy products instead of full-fat dairy products can lower bp. Palmitic acid is present in full-fat dairy and is not good for your body. It can aid in increasing bp. You can prevent palmitic acid and lower your bp by ingesting skimmed milk.

2) Tomato Juice:

Daily consumption of a single cup of tomato juice can improve heart health. Every day cup of tomato juice without salt lowers systolic and diastolic bp.

3) Beetroot Juice:

Nitrate helps enhance blood circulation in the body. Nitrate is present in the beetroot. That's why beetroot juice aid in reducing bp.

4) Hibiscus Tea:

Anthocyanin, an antioxidant, can be found in hibiscus tea. According to research, drinking two cups of hibiscus tea daily for at least two weeks can lower bp.

5) Pomegranate Juice:

Pomegranate juice has potent anti-inflammatory properties and is good to treat for hypertension. According to one study, males who drank at least a 1/4 cup of pomegranate juice every day for two weeks had reduced blood pressure. Many researchers also agree that pomegranate juice helps to lower blood pressure.

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