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What is the difference between html and CSS?


HTML is an acronym of "Hyper Text Markup Language," which is used for creating web pages and web applications. It is simple to use and has loose syntax. It is nearly established on every website and supported by every browser. It is easy to learn and code. It is free to use and doesn't require any license.

HyperText simply means the "Text within Text." A text has a link within it, is a hypertext. Whenever we click on a link that brings us to a new web page, we click on a hypertext. HyperText is a way to link two or more web pages (HTML documents) with each other.

A markup language is a computer language that is used to apply layout and formatting conventions to a text document. Markup language makes the text more interactive and dynamic. It can turn text into images, tables, links, etc.


CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets. It is a style sheet language that describes the look and document's formatting written in the markup language. It helps us to add new looks to our old HTML documents. By making some changes in the CSS code, we can easily change the look of the website. It provides an additional feature to HTML. CSS reduces the work by controlling the layout of multiple web pages. CSS is easy to maintain and has good community support.

It is generally used with HTML to change the style of web pages and user interfaces. It can also be used with any kind of XML documents, including plain XML, SVG, and XUL. CSS is used along with HTML and JavaScript in most websites to create user interfaces for web applications and user interfaces for many mobile applications.

Both HTML and CSS are client-side web scripting languages that are used for creating web pages. There are many ways that create the difference between HTML and CSS, such as the implementing methods, their syntactical structure, ease of use, and the features like attributes.

The difference between the HTML and CSS are tabulated as follows:

On the basis of HTML CSS
Definition HTML is the markup language that describes the structure of web pages. It is the stylesheet language used to describe the presentation and design of web pages, including colors, layouts, and others.
Dependency We cannot use the structure format and HTML syntax in CSS style sheets. It is independent of HTML and can be used with any XML-based markup language.
Implementation It is for web page structure and content. It is mainly for design and presentation.
Architecture HTML uses tags that are surrounding the content of any web page element. It consists of selectors that are declared using block statement syntax.
Approach We use it mainly to develop the basic content of the web page. Mainly it is used for page style formats, designing of the web, layouts, and many more.
Support HTML has a lot of community support that helps to utilize different web page structure approaches. It also has large community support and a huge backup for continuous improvements in web designing.

The other common differences between HTML and CSS are given as follows:

  • HTML is easy to learn with a clear syntax, whereas the CSS sometimes create complications in code and get messy.
  • HTML files can include the CSS code, but it is not the same with CSS because CSS can never contain the HTML codes.
  • HTML uses tags, whereas the CSS uses selectors.
  • HTML is used to create web pages, whereas the CSS controls the layout and styling of web pages.

Advantages and Disadvantages of HTML


The advantages of HTML are listed as follows:

  • Easy to learn and code.
  • Support several languages.
  • It is platform-independent because it can be displayed on any platform such as Linux, Windows, Macintosh, etc.
  • HTML is not a case-sensitive language, so we can use tags either in lower-case or in the upper-case, but it is recommended to write all tags in lower-case for consistency and readability.
  • Large community support.
  • It is free to use and doesn't require any license.


  • HTML has limited security features.
  • It has slow technical progress.
  • HTML is static, so it cannot generate dynamic output.

Advantages and Disadvantages of CSS


The advantages of CSS are listed as follows:

  • It improves the speed of the website, and pages take less time to load properly.
  • It is compatible with multiple devices.
  • It also has good community support.
  • Easy to maintain.
  • It provides more attributes.
  • It supports offline browsing.


The disadvantages of CSS are listed as follows:

  • Sometimes CSS can be messy and can create complications in code.
  • In CSS, there is no interaction with databases.
  • It lacks in security considerations.
  • CSS has cross-browser issues. It has multiple levels like CSS1, CSS2, CSS3, that are sometimes confusing for beginners.

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