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Differences between HTML and CSS

Some of the first terminology you'll encounter when learning about web development are HTML and CSS. What distinguishes them, and how do they contribute to creating websites?

Here are the fundamentals of these two languages; we'll go into more detail later. A web page's structure may be created using HTML syntax, and its appearance and feel can be customized using CSS style sheet languages. Usually, you'll combine the two languages to create websites.

Using examples, this article will explain what HTML and CSS are and how they vary. We will also review a few of the benefits and drawbacks of HTML and CSS later in the post.

HTML and CSS are two key languages necessary for creating web pages. The content of a web page is organized and structured using HTML (Hypertext Markup Language), while CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) controls how the material is presented and laid out. Although closely related and frequently used in tandem, the two languages have different functions, grammar, and capabilities.

The main distinctions between HTML and CSS will be discussed in this article, along with some tips for using both to make exciting and captivating websites.

HTML and CSS are the primary foundational languages used in web development to construct dynamic and aesthetically pleasing web pages. The structure of web pages is defined by HTML, or Hypertext Markup Language, which defines features like headers, paragraphs, and links. However, developers may alter these components' colors, fonts, and placement because CSS, or Cascading Style Sheets, manages how they are presented and laid out. Because CSS improves aesthetics and HTML concentrates on structure, HTML and CSS are an essential pair for creating interesting online experiences.

Describe HTML

A website's or web application's structure and content are described using HTML or hypertext markup language. Numerous components, including headers, paragraphs, tables, lists, and more, may be found in a single HTML file. Elements can have several qualities and properties, all with an opening and closing tag.

The structure of an HTML document is a tree: the root <html> tag gives rise to child tags such as the page's header <head>, body <body>, and footer <footer>. After that, these components can have solitary paragraphs (<p>), headers (<h1>, <h2>, etc.), and so forth. Additionally, online pages and HTML documents may be linked to one another via hyperlinks (the anchor <a> tag), creating the wider structure of a website.

Browsers can parse more than 100 distinct HTML tags to display a webpage. That being said, being a front-end web developer does not need you to memorize them all. You will begin to understand the most often used tags as you work with HTML more and more to create websites and online apps.

Features of HTML

  1. HTML has more than 100 tags that specify the fundamental components of a webpage.
  2. The markup language works with every major web browser on every operating system.
  3. HTML arranges the content of a web page using a tree structure.
  4. Using links to connect several pages to a website is a crucial part of HTML.
  5. HTML is often simple to learn and comprehend for front-end developers.

Describe CSS

Cascading Style Sheets, or CSS, is a programming language used to manage how web pages look and are organized. It functions in tandem with HTML to provide developers control over the fonts, colors, spacing, and placement of HTML components. The separation of presentation and content is made possible via CSS, which offers consistency and flexibility across web pages. Developers may simply make formatting and design modifications to a website, improving its user experience and visual attractiveness by implementing style rules and selectors. Converting static HTML material into dynamic, aesthetically pleasing web pages relies heavily on CSS.

Features of CSS

  1. For styling pages, CSS provides a variety of declarations and attributes.
  2. CSS's main benefit is separating a web page's appearance and content.
  3. There are three ways to bind CSS to HTML: inline, internal, and external.
  4. We may target any element or collection of elements in an HTML file by using selectors.
  5. CSS declarations define many style attributes in a key-value pair manner.


CSS (cascading style sheet) and HTML (hypertext markup language) are the most essential web development technologies. An in-depth examination of the nine characteristics separating HTML from CSS is warranted.

Purpose HTML stands for markup language, defining the webpage's content and structure. It establishes several tags, including forms, headers, paragraphs, links, and tables. The stylesheet language known as CSS controls how HTML components appear. It comprises borders, spacing, layouts, fonts, and colors.
Relationship It offers the webpage's framework and organization. It establishes the links between diverse pieces and the text's structural and semantic meaning. It is based on the framework that HTML provides. It enhances the webpages' styles and designs.
Syntax Tags and attributes are used to mark up and organize text in HTML. Tags with angle brackets (>) and attributes provide the tags with additional information. To insert an image and a paragraph, respectively, use the symbols <p> and <img src="image.jpg" alt="Description">. You may provide the style rules in CSS, and it targets certain items using selectors. For instance:- p{color: "blue"} will make every paragraph have the color blue.
Inclusion It is included right into the HTML file's body. The material is shown on the webpage after being enclosed by the tag. The browser rendered the web pages. Files in CSS can be incorporated from the outside or the inside. The <link> element is used for external files, whereas the <style> tag is used for internal CSS.
File Types HTML files, which often have the".html" extension, contain the markup code that specifies the organization and content of a webpage. Files ending in ".css" often contain style rules for a webpage.
Browser Interpretation It interprets HTML syntax and presents the components appropriately, guaranteeing correct alignment, style, and functionality. A browser uses CSS interpretation to decide how to style and show HTML components.
Support for Browsers All current browsers support HTML, which is a fundamental technology. Cross-compatibility is considered while utilizing advanced CSS, and a broad range of web browsers supports it.
Responsiveness The <meta> tag may be used to give viewport settings, one of the fundamental HTML components for creating adaptable webpages. CSS is necessary to make responsive web designs. Strong features like media queries, adaptable layouts, responsive units, and grid systems let you alter how your website functions and looks on various screens and devices.
Usability and maintenance HTML is reusable across several web pages and emphasizes content organization. Maintaining a consistent structure ensures that the material remains accessible and organized. Using CSS makes it easy to update and manage the visual elements of a website. CSS rule modifications can be made globally by focusing on presentation-related concerns, modifying several HTML files, and preserving consistent styling throughout a website.

How are They Comparable?

Together, HTML and CSS are two fundamental building blocks of web development that enable the creation of dynamic, aesthetically pleasing web pages. Despite playing different roles, their goals and how they support the whole web development process are comparable.

  • Structure and Presentation:The structure and presentation of web pages are influenced by both HTML and CSS. While CSS manages these components' design and layout, HTML specifies the elements and how they are arranged. Together, they produce a seamless and approachable experience.
  • Syntax: The syntax used by HTML and CSS is comparable. They are both made up of several proclamations and regulations. While CSS employs selectors and property-value pairs to generate styles, HTML uses tags to contain content. Developers may easily transition between the two languages due to their common syntax.
  • Separation of responsibilities: In web development, HTML and CSS help to facilitate the division of responsibilities. While CSS handles the presentation, HTML concentrates on the information and structure. Because one part is not affected by changes made to the other, this division makes website maintenance and modification easier.
  • Compatibility: All contemporary web browsers support HTML and CSS. Because of its interoperability, webpages created using these technologies may be seen and interacted with on various devices and platforms.

Table of Comparing HTML and CSS

HTML and CSS are crucial building blocks for interesting and well-designed websites because HTML specifies the structure and content of web pages, while CSS manages their visual look and layout. Which is superior, HTML or CSS? This is a question that never stops being asked. However, it's crucial to remember that HTML and CSS are tied together.

Hypertext Markup Language, or HTML, defines the organization and content of online pages. Cascading Style Sheets, or CSS, is a tool used to manage the look and feel of online pages and specifies the composition and content of web pages.
HTML emphasizes tables, links, graphics, headers, and paragraphs. The stylistic aspects of CSS include fonts, colors, spacing, and placement.
The cornerstone for web development is HTML. The display and aesthetics of HTML components are improved with CSS.
HTML tables, by default, have visible borders surrounding each cell. Using CSS, we can manage how borders look.
HTML primarily concentrates on the content's structure and semantic meaning. Only the presentational elements of webpages are handled by CSS.
Tags and attributes define the components and characteristics of HTML. Selectors and declarations are used in CSS.

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