MultisetsA multiset is an unordered collection of elements, in which the multiplicity of an element may be one or more than one or zero. The multiplicity of an element is the number of times the element repeated in the multiset. In other words, we can say that an element can appear any number of times in a set. Example:Operations on Multisets1. Union of Multisets: The Union of two multisets A and B is a multiset such that the multiplicity of an element is equal to the maximum of the multiplicity of an element in A and B and is denoted by A ∪ B. Example:2. Intersections of Multisets: The intersection of two multisets A and B, is a multiset such that the multiplicity of an element is equal to the minimum of the multiplicity of an element in A and B and is denoted by A ∩ B. Example:3. Difference of Multisets: The difference of two multisets A and B, is a multiset such that the multiplicity of an element is equal to the multiplicity of the element in A minus the multiplicity of the element in B if the difference is +ve, and is equal to 0 if the difference is 0 or negative Example:4. Sum of Multisets: The sum of two multisets A and B, is a multiset such that the multiplicity of an element is equal to the sum of the multiplicity of an element in A and B Example:5. Cardinality of Sets: The cardinality of a multiset is the number of distinct elements in a multiset without considering the multiplicity of an element Example:The cardinality of the multiset A is 5. Ordered SetIt is defined as the ordered collection of distinct objects. Example:Ordered PairsAn Ordered Pair consists of two elements such that one of them is designated as the first member and other as the second member. (a, b) and (b, a) are two different ordered pair. An ordered triple can also be written regarding an ordered pair as {(a, b) c} An ordered Quadrable is an ordered pair {(((a, b), c) d)} with the first element as ordered triple. An ordered ntuple is an ordered pair where the first component is an ordered (n  1) tuples, and the n^{th} element is the second component. Example:
Next TopicInclusionExclusion Principle
