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Alice Walker

Alice Walker

Alice Malsenior Tallulah-Kate Walker, an American novelist, poet, and social activist, was born on February 9, 1944. She became the first African-American woman to win the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1982 for her work The Color Purple, which made headlines. Along with seventeen novels and short story collections, Walker has also authored twelve non-fiction publications, anthologies of articles, and catalogues of poems. She has come under fire for endorsing xenophobic conspiracy theories and the conspiratorialist David Icke.

Early Years

Ingrid Malsenier, Willie Lee Walker, and Minnie Tallulah Grant welcomed Tallulah-Kate Walker into the world in the little farming community of Eaton, Georgia. Walker's mother worked as a labourer to supplement her family's sharecropping income. Walker, the eighth child in a family of eight, started attending East Poonam Consolidated when she was four years old.

Walker hurt her right eye when she was eight years old by pointing a rifle at his brother's wife. Walker didn't get prompt medical assistance since his family didn't have access to a car, which resulted in her being blind by one eye. Walker just started reading and writing after suffering an eye injury. Walker's article "Beauty: When Another Dancer Was on Herself" describes the scar that still exists after removing the scar tissue when she was 14 years old.

Walker released Once, her debut book of poetry, in 1968. In the 1970s, Walker's literary and teaching professions coexisted. In the Black Study Programs at Tugaloo College in Mississippi and Jackson State College in Tennessee (1968-1969), she worked as a writer and instructor (1970-71). Her first book, The Third Life of Grange Copeland (1970), was written while she was teaching, thanks to a National Endowment for the Arts grant (1969; a government programme to provide money to artists).

Later, she relocated to the north and began working as a professor at Boston's Wellesley College (both 1972-73 at the University of Massachusetts). In Love and Trouble: Stories of Black Women, her compilation of short stories, and Revolutionary Peonies, a poetry collection, were released in 1973. She earned a scholarship from the Radcliffe Institute from 1971 to 1973, a Rosenthal Foundation Award in 1971, and an American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters Award in 1974 for In Love and Trouble.

Walker's second novel, Meridian, was published in 1976 and was awarded the Guggenheim Prize (1977-1978). The short story collection Goodnight, Willie Lee, I'll See You in the Morning, and the collection of short stories You Can't Keep a Good Woman Down were both produced in 1979. (1980). When Alice Walker's third book, The Color Purple, was published in 1982, her writing career took off. The story, which is set in the early 1900s, examines the experiences of African-American women via Seely, the narrator, and her life. Both Celie's father and her spouse subject her to horrendous cruelty. Walker received the 1983 Pulitzer Prize for Literature and the National Book Award for Fiction for her engaging work.

Walker's tale was adapted to the big screen in 1985 with Steven Spielberg's The Color Purple, which also starred Oprah Winfrey, Danny Glover, and Whoopi Goldberg as Selfie. The film was well-received and shortlisted for 11 Academy Awards, precisely like the novel. Walker analysed the movie in her 1996 essay The Same River Twice: Honoring the Difficult her 1996 essay The Same River Twice: Honoring Difficult, Walker analysed the cinema. A Broadway musical rendition of The Color Purple launched in 2005.

Walker's works include Sent by Earth: A Message from the Grandmother Spirit after the Bombings of the World Trade Center (2006), We Are the Women Waiting Waiting For (2006), and The Cushion in the Road: Meditation and Traveling the Whole World Awakens to Being in Harm Way (2006).and the Pentagon (2001), In Search of Our Mother Garden: Womanist Prose (1983), and (2013). Walker also published teen fiction and critiques of female authors like Jorah Neale Hurston and Flannery O'Connor. She was a co-founder of a transient press in 1984.


While attending Spelman College, Alice Walker had the opportunity to meet Martin Luther King Jr. Walker attributes King's influence to her choice to return to the American South as a Civil Rights Movement activist. She participated in the 1963 March on Washington with countless others in August. She volunteered as a young adult in Georgia and Mississippi to register minority voters.

In a police line-crossing incident on March 8, 2003, International Women's Day, the day before the Iraq War, Alice Walker, Maxine Hong Kingston, and Terry Tempest Williams were among 24 people detained. This occurred during a demonstration against the war in front of the White House.

Alice Walker visited Gaza in reaction to the Gaza War in March 2009. She was accompanied by 60 other women activists from the anti-war organisation Code Pink. They were all part of their mission to deliver goods, meet with NGOs and locals, and plead with Israel and Egypt to let more people into Gaza.

Personal life

Walker and Melvyn Roseman Leventhal, a Jewish civil rights attorney, became friends in 1965. On March 17, 1967, they tied the knot in New York City. The couple relocated to Jackson, Mississippi, later that year. They became "the state of Mississippi's first legally wedded mixed-race couple." They faced intimidation and threats from white people, notably the Ku Klux Klan. Rebecca, the couple's daughter, was born in 1969. In 1976, Walker and her husband separated amicably.

Walker's daughter, and she drifted away. In Rebecca's opinion, she was "more of a political symbol than a beloved daughter." She wrote a memoir titled Black White and Jewish about the difficulties she experienced growing up and with her parents. In her adolescent years, Rebecca says, "I was left with money to buy my meals and lived on a diet of fast food" while her mother went to her remote writing studio. Tenzin's father, Rebecca, hasn't talked to her mother since Tenzin was born. Rebecca has discovered that a distant relative was given preference in her mother's will rather than her.

Walker had a relationship with singer-songwriter Tracy Chapman in the middle of the 1990s. Beauty in Truth, a documentary on Walker's life that was to be filmed by Pratibha Parmar, started filming in 2011. Feminist Walker is. She used the term "womanist" to describe the anti-female genital mutilation feminism of African Americans.
Writing and Teaching Career

Walker released Once, her debut book of poetry, in 1968. In the 1970s, Walker's writing and teaching careers coexisted. In the Black Studies programmes at Jackson State College in Tennessee (1968-1969) and Tougaloo College in Mississippi, she worked as a teacher and writer-in-residence (1970-71). Her first book, The Third Life of Grange Copeland (1970), was written while she was a teacher and was made possible by a grant from the National Endowment for the Arts (1969), a federal initiative that gave money to artists. She then relocated north, where she taught at the University of Massachusetts at Boston and Wellesley College in Massachusetts (1972-73). Her collection of short stories collection and verse book, Love and Trouble: Stories of Black Women, were issued in 1973.

The Guggenheim prize arrived after the publication of Walker's second novel, Meridian, in 1976. (in 1977-1978). A label poetry collection titled Goodnight, Willie Lee, I'll See You in the Morning was published in 1979. You Can't Keep a Good Woman Down, a remarkable collection of short stories, was issued the following year (1980). Walker's third book, The Color Purple, was published in 1982. It garnered the Pulitzer Prize and the American Book Award the following year. In Search of Our Mother's Gardens, a compilation of several of Walker's pieces was released in 1983.


  • (1967) Ingram Merrill Foundation Fellowship
  • (1967) The Rosenthal Award from the National Institute of Arts & Letters
  • (1973) The Radcliffe Institute Fellowship, the Merrill Fellowship, and a Guggenheim Fellowship
  • (1978) The Lillian Smith Award from the National Endowment for the Arts
  • (1983) The Pulitzer Prize for Fiction for the novel The Color Purple
  • (1983) National Book Award for Fiction for The Color Purple
  • (1985) O. Henry Award for Kindred Spirits
  • (1995) Honorary Degree from the California Institute of the Arts
  • (1997) Named by the American Humanist Association as "Humanist of the Year."
  • The FrontPage Award for Best Magazine Criticism from the Newswoman's Club of New York
  • (2001) Walker was inducted into the Georgia Writers Hall of Fame.
  • (2006) Induction to the California Hall of Fame in The California Museum for History, Women and the Arts
  • (2007) Domestic Human Rights Award from Global Exchange
  • (2007) Walker's archives were opened to the public at Emory University
  • (2010) The Lennon Ono Grant for Peace Award.

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