Well-known Indian entrepreneur Dhirajlal Hiralal Ambani who started Reliance Industries is generally known as Dhirubhai Ambani. It was Dhirubhai Ambani who started his business from the scratch and developed it into a multi billion company of India. Dhirubhai was raised in a middle-class household. He initially earned 300 rupees a month working at a gas station, gradually developed his business of worth more than Rs 62 thousand crores. Every young person in India looks up to him because of the perseverance and determination that have allowed him to advance in his career. He was among the most inspiring individuals in India and worldwide.
He was born on December 28, 1932, in the home of a typical teacher in the Gujarati village of Chorwad, close to Junagadh. Hirachand Gordhanbhai Ambani, his father, was a straightforward educator. Additionally, his mother, Jamnaben, was a homemaker. Who found it quite challenging to care for their big family.
Dhirubhai has witnessed extreme poverty since he was a little boy and did not want to live a life of abject poverty. His early schooling was initially completed in a neighbourhood school in Junagadh. He first sold snacks and fruits as a vendor when he first began to work. As he grew older, he decided to help his father to run the household and left school in the mid of his teenage. He dropped out of school in the tenth grade.
Dhirubhai Ambani got married to Kokilaben in 1955. Mukesh Ambani and Anil Ambani are the sons of Dhirubhai Ambani and Nina Kothari, and Deepti Salgaocar is their two daughters.
The Early Career of Dhirubhai Ambani
One must take the first step to reach the destination. Dhirubhai Ambani started his career with a modest position. After completing his education, he immediately started working on a fruit and snack truck. He could earn a little money from this, but it was insufficient. He was determined to change his situation and circumstances; he fought hard until he found an opportunity when religious tourism was evolving near his hometown. He began selling pakoras and other food products there by using his wits. Being a popular tourist site, there were a lot of visitors almost every day, which allowed Dhirubhai Ambani to make considerable amount of money.
But with such a seasonal industry, they seldom ever turned a profit. This enterprise was likewise short-lived, and Dhirubhai's father counselled him to quit and look for employment after several failures. He moved in with his older brother Ramnik Lal, who was working in Yemen in 1949 when he was 17 years old. In Yemen, he found work at a gas station, earning $300 a month. Dhirubhai worked for some time employed in "A. Bessie & Company," a business firm. Dhirubhai Ambani was promoted to gas station manager when the firm recognised his talent. He continued to work in Yemen for a while.
In 1954, he returned to India after he left his first job while residing in Yemen, and after that, he began to have confidence in his ability to succeed as a business man. Soon after he returned to his hometown, Dhirubhai Ambani travelled to Mumbai with five hundred rupees only. He began to have a deep insight into the market as he worked at the ground level. Polyester was in high demand at the time, just as Indian spices outside. The business began selling spices outside of India and polyester in the country. All Dhirubhai Ambani's deposits were used to launch his company. Dhirubhai Ambani started his first business, the "Reliance Commerce Corporation," after exploring the market. He was successful in his effort because of his initiative and the risks he took. Dhirubhai Ambani topped the list of India's wealthiest people in the year 2000.
His Success Story
Ramnik Bhai, Dhirubhai's elder brother, used to work in Yemen back then. He allowed Dhirubhai to visit Yemen with his assistance. He began working there at a gas station, and with his hard work, he quickly advanced to the manager position in just two years. Even while doing this work, he was thinking less about advancing in the same profession and more about how to achieve entrepreneurial potential. During this period, all he thought about was how he could succeed in business. His love for business is evident in two little incidents. Both occurrences happened when he was working for a corporation.
Dhirubhai used to travel to a big, costly hotel nearby for tea, where he had to spend ? 1, where as his colleagues at the place of his work used to receive tea for only twenty-five paise each cup. When he was asked why he does that, he explained that influential businessman visits luxurious hotels to discuss deals he sees such hotels to listen to them so that he can comprehend the subtleties of the business. Dhirubhai got knowledge about business management in this way.
The second instance demonstrates his eye for detail and propensity for seeing chances. Yemen at the time had silver coinage in circulation. Dhirubhai began selling these coins to a London-based business by melting them after realising that their silver worth was more than the value of the coins. The Yemeni government had already made enormous profits by the time they learned about this. These two occurrences showed that Dhirubhai Ambani had all the necessary traits to succeed in business.
Later, when he returned to India and analysed the market, he founded Reliance Commerce Corporation, and he led his business to great heights. The sale of polyester and spices in international markets, notably India, brought in enormous revenues for the corporation. After that, he started his new venture in the yarn industry. Dhirubhai quickly achieved success in this area as well, and he quickly rose to the position of Surveyor for the largest Bombay Yarn Merchant Association.
In 1966, Reliance Textiles was also founded by Reliance Industries built a textile plant in Naroda, Ahmedabad, that same year. Dhirubhai founded the company "Vimal" in 1966 in honour of Vimal Ambani, who was the son of his elder brother. The Vimal brand gained widespread acclaim in the nation quickly. Clothing from the Vimal brand rose to fame.
After some time, Dhirubhai Ambani rose to prominence as an Indian businessman by creating industries including the textile market, telecommunications, and petroleum. Ambani's reputation had now elevated to the point where he was charged with secretly influencing government policy and profiting from them. In addition, several other claims were made regarding Dhirubhai Ambani's success.
Establishment of Reliance Industries
When Dhirubhai returned to India, he started a company named Majin in partnership with his second cousin Champaklal Damani who used to live in Daman with him. This company was established to export Indian spices and import polyester yarn from Yemen.
In 1965, Dhirubhai Ambani and his cousin Champaklal Damani ended their business association. Their personalities and business practices were different. So, this collaboration did not endure exceptionally long. Dhirubhai was seen as a risk-taker, whereas Damani was a careful businessman. In 1966, he set up Reliance Commercial Corporation; its first one-room office with two assistants was opened at Narsinatha Street in Masjid Bunder.
In 1966, a textile factory was established in Naroda, Ahmedabad. In this instance, polyester threads were utilized to make the clothing. And Dhirubhai founded the "Vimal" brand. He developed a massive advertising campaign for the brand "Vimal," making it well-known even in rural India.
In the same year, he formed Reliance Commercial Corporation, which, on 8 May 1973, became Reliance Industries. In 1977, more than 58,000 investors bought shares in Reliance's IPO. Dhirubhai was successful in persuading the rural residents of Gujarat and other regions to acquire the company's shares. These shares proved to be profitable to the shareholders, which enhanced their value. Dhirubhai increased Reliance's operations in several areas during his lifetime. Petrochemical, communications, information technology, energy, electricity, retail textile/textile, and infrastructure are the primary components.
Dhirubhai Ambani launches Reliance Textiles
Dhirubhai Ambani gained a thorough grasp of the clothing industry throughout time. In 1966, Dhirubhai Ambani founded a textile plant in Naroda, Ahmedabad, where polyester threads were used to produce clothing. He later gave this brand the name "Vimal" in recognition of the vast opportunities in this industry.
The Vimal brand is one of India's lesser-known trademarks, this brand was given its name in honour of Vimal, the son of the elder brother of Dhirubhai Ambani, Ramniklal Ambani, and this brand received extensive promotion throughout the country. It spread from home to house, even in tiny communities, and became well-known. A World Bank technical team visited the "Reliance Textiles" production facility in 1975. and concluded that it was "outstanding, even by the standards of wealthy nations." In the 1980s, Dhirubhai Ambani obtained a licence from the government to produce polyester filament yarn at the same time. From then on, he kept moving up the success ladder and never looked back on his professional career.
Reliance Industries Expansion
A well-known businessperson around the globe, Dhirubhai Ambani increased Reliance's operations throughout his life. Petrochemicals, telecommunications, information technology, energy, electricity, retail, textiles, infrastructure services, capital markets, and organisations make up the majority of this sector. At the same time, Dhirubhai Ambani's two sons, especially his elder son Mukesh Ambani have taken his business to the top position in India and globally. Dhirubhai Ambani began the enormous Reliance business with just a small amount of capital. You will be amazed to know that this business, which began in a single room, employed 3,42,982 as of the year 2022. Reliance also contributed 10% of the Central Government's total tax revenue in 2022, making it one of the top businesses in the world. Dhirubhai Ambani was included among Asia's most successful businesspeople.
Honors and Awards of Dhirubhai Ambani
Dhirubhai Ambani Death
On 24 June 2002, famous industrialist Dhirubhai Ambani suffered a heart attack and was sent to Mumbai's Branch Candy Hospital. After this, his health deteriorated, and on July 6, 2002, this great man of India passed away. His eldest son Mukesh Ambani ran his firm efficiently after his death and is now one of India's wealthiest and most successful businessmen.