British at that time colonized India and plundered its wealth. Sarojini Naidu, popularly known as the "nightingale of India, was an Indian political worker, freedom fighter, and renowned poet. She was a dominant image and a role model in making the country free from the shackles of British rule. Inspired by many activists, Sarojini Naidu also played her part to be well recalled today.
During her stay in England, she has much attracted to the "Indian national congress" movement, which was operated to make India an independent and self-reliant country. She was assigned the position of the President of the Indian national congress in the year 1925.
Personal life of Sarojini Naidu
Sarojini Chattopadhyay was born on 13 February 1879 to a Bengali Brahmin family. She completed her schooling at three different locations like that Madras, London, and Cambridge. She resided in a house at BrahmangaonBikrampur in Dhaka. Her father was a Hyderabad college principal, now known as Nizam college. Her mother used to pen down poetry in Bengal. Her family background was well connected to revolutionary and poetic thoughts. One of her brothers was a poet, while the other was a revolutionary.
Sarojini Naidu was greatly inspired by a number of activists writers that came and went, leaving a patch of guidance and example for the young generation. Some of the prominent writers that raised her insights include Rabindranath Tagore and Gopal Krishna Gokhale. She also brought out her inner voice to speak against evil practices that affected the lives of several women across India.
Inspired by Mahatma Gandhi's swaraj movement, she came back to India from England to join Mahatma Gandhi in the Satyagraha movement. She turned out to be a headache for the British due to her shining ambitions and urged women across the country to step their foot out of their homes and contribute to making their country free from the hands of British rulers.
Sarojini Naidu was highly praised for her memorable works of art in poetry and writing by several other writers. Her collection of Poems was published in 1905, which attracted much recognition from various authors.
Her worldwide recognized poetries include ' in the bazaars of Hyderabad' and 'The Gift of India'. The poem Gift of India communicates the following message:
It describes the scene of an Indian soldier's body after death which appears to be heart-wrenching.
Another most popular of her poems include the Bangle seller
Her Purposes as an Early Orator
Naidu worked as an orator performing her part in raising her voice for women's rights and promoting India's struggle for Independence. She contributed a helping hand in social work for flood relief, resulting in awarding her with Kaisar-i-Hind Medal, but she returned it during the protest over the JallianwalaBagh massacre, a piteous condition that involved the murder of several innocent people.
In 1914, she met Mahatma Gandhi, who credited her and inspired her to boost her actions. She was the second woman appointed the President of the Indian national congress. Her oratory works were well recognized due to their personality and the poetic style followed.
One of these marches is well known to us even today. It was a resistance that involved no physical threats towards anyone for claiming Independence or getting the demands of aggrieved parties satisfied or quenched. What it involved was relying on own struggles, involving voice, satyagrahas, hunger strikes, marching on to get the demands fulfilled. In 1917, Sarojini Naidu contributed a major hand to Mahatma Gandhiji in the Satyagraha movement, including ion-violent resistance. In 1920, she also fulfilled a major role in the non-cooperation movement of the Gandhiji, when Britishers refused to reduce the excessive rates of salt in India.
It was said that Gandhiji at first did not allow the women to take part in salt March due to the reasons that this movement had a high chance of arrest. But Naidu, along with other female activists, came forward out of the restraints to play their roles and joined the March. During Quit India Movement, Naidu gave her best and established her role but was imprisoned by the British for two years. She was appointed as the new leader of the campaign after Gandhi's arrest.
Naidu's birthday is recognized as women's day in India every year, marking the powerful voices of Indian women in India's history. She was given the title of ' the nightingale of India' by Gandhiji. She is remembered in her first book, ' golden threshold'. It is now housed at the University of Hyderabad. Google also celebrated her birth anniversary during the year 2014.
Several quotes on her life are available on various websites. Her notorious works and books are purchased and read by people even today to remember her works and feel her thoughts at that period.
Naidu: An Inspiration
Many works, including documentaries, autobiographies, and books on Naidu, were published. Her first biography was published in 1966 by PadminiSengupta. Some of the works on her life were also published by Hachette in 2014. The government of India produced twenty-minute documentaries on her life. In 2020, a biopic on her life was also announced. In this way, she got recognition and left a legacy to reflect on her achievements, social contributions, and other unforgettable works. Her poetry gave a glimpse of the beautiful imageries our Mother India is filled with. She wrote so beautifully that she attracted much and many appraisals for her writings and continued to write and be selected by several publications for publishing her works with them.
Sarojini Naidu breathed her last on 2 March 1949. She was attacked by a cardiac arrest on the afternoon of 2 March, the main reason behind her death. Her health started deteriorating on 15 February, and she was suggested to take some rest by the medics. Bloodletting was performed when her situation continued to worsen at the beginning of March. She died, and her last rituals were performed during the funeral. Her death was an unhappy occasion for several Indians. She died two years after the Independence, but her dreams of free India were achieved and glimpsed by her, which makes every Indian feel proud and say that hard work does pay off.
Naidu became an inspiration for several women who never spoke up for themselves and worried about the harsh realities of society. She encouraged the women to contribute a major hand in serving their country, cutting all the boundaries that come as an obstacle in their clear path. Her poems on Indian soldiers and their sacrifices are evident of her patriotism and undying love for her country. She described in detail her about free India in her several poems. She was quite enthusiastic about taking part in every movement or activity that supported the interests of India and worked for a free India. With her self-esteem and confidence, she didn't allow herself to put off her ambitions or halt them. What she did made her worthy of known today and mentioned in every conversation about freedom fighters. Her name is known to every household, child, adult, and personality today.
1st Governor of United Province
President of the Indian National Congress
Institutions in the name of Sarojini Naidu
Movement and Associations
Some Intriguing Facts about Sarojini Naidu