Automate Software Testing with PythonThe process of discovering faults in a created product is known as software testing. Additionally, it assesses if the actual outcomes correspond to the outcomes expected and aids in the identification of errors, needs that are lacking, or gaps. The final step before a product is made available on the market is testing. It involves looking at, studying, observing, and judging a variety of product components. Software testers in the industry combine human and automated testing methods. After running the tests, the testers inform the development team of the results. Software testing is essential since the end goal is to give the user a highquality product. Many entrepreneurs neglect to test their products. They may claim that their financial constraints are to blame for skipping this crucial phase. They believe it will have little impact. It must, however, be excellent in order to establish a robust and favorable initial impression. And this necessitates thorough bug testing of the product. Enhance Product QualityOnly when the product supplied is perfect can a company provide value to its clients. And, in order to accomplish so, businesses must ensure that users have no problems when utilizing their products. Making your goods bugfree is the foolproof approach to achieving it. Before delivering a product, companies must focus on testing apps and fixing any flaws that are discovered during testing. The quality of the output improves when the team fixes issues before the product reaches the consumer. Improve SecurityCustomers are bound to divulge some type of personal information when they utilize the product. Before the program is deployed, security testing is required to prevent hackers from gaining access to this information. When a company follows a thorough testing procedure, it assures a safe product, which helps customers feel comfortable while using it. Customers no longer work exclusively on large desktop computers. Testing a product's device compatibility is essential in today's mobilefirst world. Consider the case where your company created a website. The tester must see if the webpage works on various device resolutions. It should also be compatible with a variety of browsers. The growing number of browser alternatives is another reason why testing is becoming increasingly important. What works with Chrome may not be compatible with Safari or Internet Explorer. This necessitates crossbrowser testing, which involves validating the application's interoperability across many browsers. Classifications of Software Testing:Software testing is a broad term that encompasses a variety of activities. Instead, it occurs in a variety of forms that may be classified based on a number of factors. You can divide testing into manual and automated categories, for example. When it comes to automated testing, you may choose between codebased and codefree ways, as well as hybrid approaches that combine the best of both worlds. Tests may also be classified based on how much information they have about the system under the test's internal implementation. We may divide tests into three categories based on this criterion: whitebox, blackbox, and greybox. Finally, we may divide tests into functional and nonfunctional categories based on whether they confirm the application's business requirements. Blackbox Testing: You have the least amount of knowledge about how the product is developed in this sort of testing. You have no knowledge of the product's structure, coding, or logic. You would utilize the product as if you were a customer. Blackbox testing is used for functional testing since you have the same amount of knowledge as your consumer. Only after the code is run can this form of testing take place. As a result, dynamic testing is employed. Dynamic testing is a sort of testing in which you must run the code and test the product while it is running. It's largely done to see how it'll work once it's up and running, as well as how the user will react to it. Greybox Testing: In this sort of testing, you only have a limited understanding of the product. This form of testing is useful for detecting issues that the user would be unaware of. To give you an example, suppose you created an element with a blue shade but it really has a green shade. The user would be unaware that there is a flaw since they would believe that is as it should be. However, your limited understanding of the product will aid you in detecting such flaws. Gorilla Testing:Gorilla testing is a method of software testing in which a module is repeatedly tested using a variety of random inputs to ensure that it is errorfree. Only a few selected modules of the system are submitted to testing with the purpose of evaluating whether or not the module is operating properly. This form of testing is done manually and frequently. Torture testing, fault tolerance testing, and unpleasant testing are all terms used to describe Gorilla testing. Now that you know what testing is all about, it's time to learn how to carry out software testing.
Benefits of Software testing:
Now let us have a look at the code of one of the examples of automation of the software testing in the python programming language. Code:Output: Select any of the mathematical operations which are listed below: 1. To perform the addition operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 2. To perform the subtraction operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 3. To perform the multiplication operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 4. To perform the division operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 5. To exit from the code execution. 1 Enter the first number for the addition operation 99 Enter the second number for the addition operation 578 Select any of the unit tests to perform which are listed below: 1. To perform the assertEqual the unit test on the above done mathematical operation. 2. To perform the assertTrue the unit test on the above done mathematical operation. 3. To perform the assertFalse the unit test on the above done mathematical operation. 1 The expected value for the test to pass: 677  Ran 1 test in 0.000s OK To go on with the code getting executed, enter input [y] or [n] y Select any of the mathematical operations which are listed below: 1. To perform the addition operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 2. To perform the subtraction operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 3. To perform the multiplication operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 4. To perform the division operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 5. To exit from the code execution. 1 Enter the first number for the addition operation 100 Enter the second number for the addition operation 544 Select any of the unit tests to perform which are listed below: 1. To perform the assertEqual the unit test on the above done mathematical operation. 2. To perform the assertTrue the unit test on the above done mathematical operation. 3. To perform the assertFalse the unit test on the above done mathematical operation. 1 The expected value for the test to pass: 647 self.assertEqual(actual_value_for_equals,expected_value_for_equals) AssertionError: 647 != 677  Ran 1 test in 0.001s FAILED (failures=1) To go on with the code getting executed, enter input [y] or [n] y Select any of the mathematical operations which are listed below: 1. To perform the addition operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 2. To perform the subtraction operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 3. To perform the multiplication operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 4. To perform the division operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 5. To exit from the code execution. 2 Enter the first number for the subtraction operation 122 Enter the second number for the subtraction operation 22 Select any of the unit tests to perform which are listed below: 1. To perform the assertEqual the unit test on the above done mathematical operation. 2. To perform the assertTrue the unit test on the above mathematical operation. 3. To perform the assertFalse the unit test on the above done mathematical operation. 2 The expected value for the test to pass: 100  Ran 1 test in 0.000s OK To go on with the code getting executed, enter input [y] or [n] y Select any of the mathematical operations which are listed below: 1. To perform the addition operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 2. To perform the subtraction operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 3. To perform the multiplication operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 4. To perform the division operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 5. To exit from the code execution. 2 Enter the first number for the subtraction operation 255 Enter the second number for the subtraction operation 50 Select any of the unit tests to perform which are listed below: 1. To perform the assertEqual the unit test on the above done mathematical operation. 2. To perform the assertTrue the unit test on the above done mathematical operation. 3. To perform the assertFalse the unit test on the above done mathematical operation. 2 The expected value for the test to pass: 200 self.assertTrue(boolean_resultant) AssertionError: False  Ran 1 test in 0.001s FAILED (failures=1) To go on with the code getting executed, enter input [y] or [n] y Select any of the mathematical operations which are listed below: 1. To perform the addition operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 2. To perform the subtraction operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 3. To perform the multiplication operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 4. To perform the division operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 5. To exit from the code execution. 3 Enter the first number for the multiplication operation 100 Enter the second number for the multiplication operation 2 Select any of the unit tests to perform which are listed below: 1. To perform the assertEqual the unit test on the above done mathematical operation. 2. To perform the assertTrue the unit test on the above done mathematical operation. 3. To perform the assertFalse the unit test on the above done mathematical operation. 2 The expected value for the test to pass: 200  Ran 1 test in 0.000s OK To go on with the code getting executed, enter input [y] or [n] y Select any of the mathematical operations which are listed below: 1. To perform the addition operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 2. To perform the subtraction operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 3. To perform the multiplication operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 4. To perform the division operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 5. To exit from the code execution. 3 Enter the first number for the multiplication operation 122 Enter the second number for the multiplication operation 654 Select any of the unit tests to perform which are listed below: 1. To perform the assertEqual the unit test on the above done mathematical operation. 2. To perform the assertTrue the unit test on the above done mathematical operation. 3. To perform the assertFalse the unit test on the above done mathematical operation. 2 The expected value for the test to pass: 55412 self.assertTrue(boolean_resultant) AssertionError: False  Ran 1 test in 0.001s FAILED (failures=1) To go on with the code getting executed, enter input [y] or [n] y Select any of the mathematical operations which are listed below: 1. To perform the addition operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 2. To perform the subtraction operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 3. To perform the multiplication operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 4. To perform the division operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 5. To exit from the code execution. 4 Enter the first number for division operation 55 Enter the second number for division operation 5 Select any of the unit tests to perform which are listed below: 1. To perform the assertEqual the unit test on the above done mathematical operation. 2. To perform the assertTrue the unit test on the above done mathematical operation. 3. To perform the assertFalse the unit test on the above done mathematical operation. 3 The expected value for a test to pass: 12  Ran 1 test in 0.000s OK To go on with the code getting executed, enter input [y] or [n] y Select any of the mathematical operations which are listed below: 1. To perform the addition operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 2. To perform the subtraction operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 3. To perform the multiplication operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 4. To perform the division operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 5. To exit from the code execution. 4 Enter the first number for division operation 100 Enter the second number for division operation 10 Select any of the unit tests to perform which are listed below: 1. To perform the assertEqual the unit test on the above done mathematical operation. 2. To perform the assertTrue the unit test on the above done mathematical operation. 3. To perform the assertFalse the unit test on the above done mathematical operation. 3 The expected value for the test to pass: 10 self.assertFalse(boolean_resultant) AssertionError: False  Ran 1 test in 0.001s FAILED (failures=1) To go on with the code getting executed, enter input [y] or [n] y Select any of the mathematical operations which are listed below: 1. To perform the addition operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 2. To perform the subtraction operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 3. To perform the multiplication operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 4. To perform the division operation and then perform the unit test on the result obtained. 5. To exit from the code execution. 5 In the above written code, the main function is written, which has the object of the abovewritten class Which is used to call all the methods which are written inside the class. the user is provided with the list of menus from which he has to select the mathematical operation which he performs on the two inputs which are going he is going to provide after selecting the appropriate mathematical operation the result of that mathematical operation is presented to the user and another menu is printed from which the type of unit test which needs to be Run on that obtained result is shown, on selecting the appropriate unit test which will run on the result of the mathematical operation that particular test case is Run and depending upon the unit test which is selected by the user appropriate message is shown, that means if the test case is passed it is shown that that particular test case has been passed successfully on the other hand if the test case is failed due to some exception or error that has been encountered during the execution of that particular unit test case, then that particular exception or error message is printed to the user and which line has caused that an exception message is also presented to the user this helps in the debugging so that user can understand by which particular line of code that particular unit test is failing this printing of the menu is done in a recursive manner until the user exits the code execution by selecting the last option which is to exit the code execution. Conclusion:So in this article, we have seen how we can use some in which libraries of the python to automate the software testing process, this helps us in quickly running our test cases which helps us to analyze the quality of the code which we have written and does that particular piece of code is catering to the exact requirement for which this code is written. Apart from these, there are also many libraries that can be used to automate the whole software testing process will talk about them in some other articles.
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