Javatpoint Logo
Javatpoint Logo

What is PVM in Python


Python is a widely used high-level programming language with versatile applications in multiple fields, such as web development, data science, artificial intelligence, machine learning, and many more. Python has gained tremendous popularity in the scientific community for its simplicity, ease of use, and compatibility with multiple operating systems. Python provides numerous libraries and modules for parallel computing, and one such library is PVM (Parallel Virtual Machine).

What is PVM?

PVM is an acronym for Parallel Virtual Machine. It is a software package that enables parallel computing on a network of heterogeneous computers. PVM provides a set of functions to manage the communication and coordination between parallel tasks running on different computers. PVM is written in C and Fortran and can be used with various programming languages, including Python, C++, and Java.

Working Principle of PVM

What is PVM in Python

The working principle of PVM (Parallel Virtual Machine) involves the use of multiple computer processes working together in parallel to execute a task or solve a problem.

When a program is written using PVM, it is divided into smaller tasks or subtasks, which can be executed independently on different computers or processors. These tasks are distributed among the worker processes by the master process, which coordinates the communication and synchronization between them.

To facilitate communication between the processes, PVM uses a message-passing model, where the processes exchange messages containing data or instructions. The master process can send messages to individual workers or broadcast them to all the workers simultaneously.

PVM also provides functions for synchronization, which allow the processes to wait for each other to complete their tasks before continuing. This ensures that the program runs correctly and efficiently, even when different tasks take different amounts of time to complete.

The working principle of PVM enables the parallel execution of programs on multiple computers or processors, which can significantly reduce the time required to complete computationally intensive tasks. It also allows for the efficient utilization of available computing resources and can scale to handle large-scale problems.

Advantages of PVM

  1. Scalability: PVM is highly scalable, and it can be used to run parallel tasks on a network of hundreds or even thousands of computers.
  2. Flexibility: PVM supports a wide range of programming languages, and it can be used with various operating systems.
  3. Resource sharing: PVM allows multiple users to share computing resources and collaborate on a project.
  4. Cost-effective: PVM allows users to use existing hardware resources for parallel computing, eliminating the need for expensive specialized hardware.

Disadvantages of PVM

  1. Complexity: PVM requires a certain level of expertise to set up and manage, which can be a challenge for inexperienced users.
  2. Communication overhead: The communication overhead between processes can be high, leading to decreased performance in certain situations.
  3. Debugging: Debugging parallel programs can be challenging, as multiple processes are running concurrently, and errors can be difficult to track down.


PVM is a powerful parallel computing library that enables users to distribute tasks across a network of heterogeneous computers. PVM provides a range of functions for communication and coordination between processes, making it an ideal choice for running complex parallel applications.

However, PVM can be complex to set up and manage, and debugging parallel programs can be challenging. Despite these challenges, PVM remains a popular choice for parallel computing, and its versatility and scalability make it an essential tool for scientific research and industrial applications.

Youtube For Videos Join Our Youtube Channel: Join Now


Help Others, Please Share

facebook twitter pinterest

Learn Latest Tutorials


Trending Technologies

B.Tech / MCA