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Python Tkinter Tutorial

Python Tkinter Tutorial

Tkinter tutorial provides basic and advanced concepts of Python Tkinter. Our Tkinter tutorial is designed for beginners and professionals.

Python provides the standard library Tkinter for creating the graphical user interface for desktop based applications.

Developing desktop based applications with python Tkinter is not a complex task. An empty Tkinter top-level window can be created by using the following steps.

  1. import the Tkinter module.
  2. Create the main application window.
  3. Add the widgets like labels, buttons, frames, etc. to the window.
  4. Call the main event loop so that the actions can take place on the user's computer screen.

Example

Output:

Python Tkinter

Tkinter widgets

There are various widgets like button, canvas, checkbutton, entry, etc. that are used to build the python GUI applications.

SN Widget Description
1 Button The Button is used to add various kinds of buttons to the python application.
2 Canvas The canvas widget is used to draw the canvas on the window.
3 Checkbutton The Checkbutton is used to display the CheckButton on the window.
4 Entry The entry widget is used to display the single-line text field to the user. It is commonly used to accept user values.
5 Frame It can be defined as a container to which, another widget can be added and organized.
6 Label A label is a text used to display some message or information about the other widgets.
7 ListBox The ListBox widget is used to display a list of options to the user.
8 Menubutton The Menubutton is used to display the menu items to the user.
9 Menu It is used to add menu items to the user.
10 Message The Message widget is used to display the message-box to the user.
11 Radiobutton The Radiobutton is different from a checkbutton. Here, the user is provided with various options and the user can select only one option among them.
12 Scale It is used to provide the slider to the user.
13 Scrollbar It provides the scrollbar to the user so that the user can scroll the window up and down.
14 Text It is different from Entry because it provides a multi-line text field to the user so that the user can write the text and edit the text inside it.
14 Toplevel It is used to create a separate window container.
15 Spinbox It is an entry widget used to select from options of values.
16 PanedWindow It is like a container widget that contains horizontal or vertical panes.
17 LabelFrame A LabelFrame is a container widget that acts as the container
18 MessageBox This module is used to display the message-box in the desktop based applications.

Python Tkinter Geometry

The Tkinter geometry specifies the method by using which, the widgets are represented on display. The python Tkinter provides the following geometry methods.

  1. The pack() method
  2. The grid() method
  3. The place() method

Let's discuss each one of them in detail.

Python Tkinter pack() method

The pack() widget is used to organize widget in the block. The positions widgets added to the python application using the pack() method can be controlled by using the various options specified in the method call.

However, the controls are less and widgets are generally added in the less organized manner.

The syntax to use the pack() is given below.

syntax

A list of possible options that can be passed in pack() is given below.

  • expand: If the expand is set to true, the widget expands to fill any space.
  • Fill: By default, the fill is set to NONE. However, we can set it to X or Y to determine whether the widget contains any extra space.
  • size: it represents the side of the parent to which the widget is to be placed on the window.

Example

Output:

Python Tkinter

Python Tkinter grid() method

The grid() geometry manager organizes the widgets in the tabular form. We can specify the rows and columns as the options in the method call. We can also specify the column span (width) or rowspan(height) of a widget.

This is a more organized way to place the widgets to the python application. The syntax to use the grid() is given below.

Syntax

A list of possible options that can be passed inside the grid() method is given below.

  • Column
    The column number in which the widget is to be placed. The leftmost column is represented by 0.
  • Columnspan
    The width of the widget. It represents the number of columns up to which, the column is expanded.
  • ipadx, ipady
    It represents the number of pixels to pad the widget inside the widget's border.
  • padx, pady
    It represents the number of pixels to pad the widget outside the widget's border.
  • row
    The row number in which the widget is to be placed. The topmost row is represented by 0.
  • rowspan
    The height of the widget, i.e. the number of the row up to which the widget is expanded.
  • Sticky
    If the cell is larger than a widget, then sticky is used to specify the position of the widget inside the cell. It may be the concatenation of the sticky letters representing the position of the widget. It may be N, E, W, S, NE, NW, NS, EW, ES.

Example

Output:

Python Tkinter

Python Tkinter place() method

The place() geometry manager organizes the widgets to the specific x and y coordinates.

Syntax

A list of possible options is given below.

  • Anchor: It represents the exact position of the widget within the container. The default value (direction) is NW (the upper left corner)
  • bordermode: The default value of the border type is INSIDE that refers to ignore the parent's inside the border. The other option is OUTSIDE.
  • height, width: It refers to the height and width in pixels.
  • relheight, relwidth: It is represented as the float between 0.0 and 1.0 indicating the fraction of the parent's height and width.
  • relx, rely: It is represented as the float between 0.0 and 1.0 that is the offset in the horizontal and vertical direction.
  • x, y: It refers to the horizontal and vertical offset in the pixels.

Example

Output:

Python Tkinter

Prerequisite

Before learning Tkinter, you must have the basic knowledge of Python.

Audience

Our Python Tkinter tutorial is designed to help beginners and professionals.

Problem

We assure that you will not find any problem in this Tkinter tutorial. But if there is any mistake, please post the problem in contact form.





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