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Destructors in Python

The users call Destructor for destroying the object. In Python, developers might not need destructors as much it is needed in the C++ language. This is because Python has a garbage collector whose function is handling memory management automatically.

In this article, we will discuss how the destructors in Python works and when the users can use them.

The __del__() function is used as the destructor function in Python. The user can call the __del__() function when all the references of the object have been deleted, and it becomes garbage collected.


The users should also note that the reference to the objects is also deleted when the object goes out of the reference or when the code ends.

In the following example, we will use the __del__() function and the del keyword for deleting all the references of the object so that the destructor will involve automatically.

For example:


The class called Animals is CREATED.
The destructor is called for deleting the Animals.

Explanation -

In the above code, the destructor has called when the references to the object are deleted or after the program was ended. This means that the reference count for the object becomes zero and not when the object goes out of scope. We will explain this by showing the next example.

We can also notice that the destructor is called after the ending of the program.



we are calling the Create_object() function now
we are creating the object
The class called Animals is CREATED.
we are ending the function here
The Program is ending here
The destructor is called for deleting the Animals.

Now in the next example, we will see that when the function() is called, it will create the instance of class Zebra, which passes itself to class Lion, which will then set the reference to the class Zebra, and it will result in the circular reference.



Zebra is dead

In general, the Garbage collector of Python, which is used for detecting these types of cyclic references, will also remove the reference. But, in the above example, the custom destructor is used for marking this item as uncollectable.

In simple language, it means that the garbage collector does not know the order in which the object should be destroyed, so it leaves them. So, if the instances of the users are involved in this circular reference, they will remain stored in the memory for as long as the application will run.


In this article, we explained the function of Destructors in Python and how the users can use them for deleting the objects whose references are already removed from the memory.

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