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Music Recommendation System Python Project with Source Code

Why use Python for this project?

Over the years, Python has earned a superstar status in data science. All data fans adore it, and it offers a simple introduction to statistical science and machine learning. There are several built-in libraries for challenging data science projects, which are simple to create. Python's popularity is also due to its straightforward code readability. When compared to other complex languages, its syntax is skeletal and minimal. The list of libraries available for usage in Python for data science is incomplete, but it includes seaborn, Matlab, sci-kit learn, SciPy, pandas, requests, regex, NumPy, etc.

  • A python is a good option for beginners to start learning data science, and rightly so.
  • We all utilize audio streaming services, including Gaana, Jio Saavn, Spotify, and iTunes.
  • Do you ponder how these platforms propose songs to you based on your preferences when listening to music on them? These services use machine learning algorithms.
  • This is so that they can give you the songs they believe you'll like. We'll discuss these models in this article and use them to create a music recommendation engine.

To assist you in beginning your educational path and gaining the practical experience required for a data science career, here is a selection of vetted Python data science projects. It's time to play around with Data Science Projects and experiment with different strategies for solving a business problem to gain data-driven insights. By offering visual and straightforward methods to organize and clean your data, software like Tableau Prep may assist you in fostering a great data culture.

Tableau Prep features two products: Mondrian Prep Director for scheduling, managing, and monitoring flows throughout your company and Tableau Prep Builder for creating data flows. A data cleaning tool can let analysts or administrators begin their studies more quickly and with greater confidence in the data, saving an administrator a lot of time. Making successful and efficient business decisions requires understanding data quality and the tools taken to construct, manage, and transform data.

This vital procedure will help your firm further establish a data culture. You can learn how design firm Tinuiti grew their advanced analytics for 500+ clients and centralized 100plus data sets in Tableau Prep by reading about how they did it.

Music Recommendation System on KKBox Dataset

Today's world is surrounded by music. By 2021, more than 70 million songs will be available on Spotify alone, proving how accessible music is. Other services include KKBox, Gaana, Saavn, and Apple Music. How can fresh content become found in a field with so much content currently available? The Recommendations system is how users discover new songs and develop new musical likes. Recommendation algorithms are profitable for music streaming businesses as well. They benefit from increased engagement and audience growth on their platform.

In Asia, it is one of the largest streaming services is KKBox.

Dataset Description

The information includes music and user metadata. User- and song-specific information, such as the user ID'S, user Registration date, song ID'S, song genre, song ArtistName, and song release date, is included in the metadata. The information includes when a user plays a piece of music only once. For each song-user combination, this information is in particular.

The dataset consists of three files:

  • csv - This file contains information on user-song pairs, including user IDs, source system tab, source type, source screentime, and target.
  • The target indicates if a user tuned to the same music within one month.
  • csv - It includes information about song IDs, song genre, song artist, song lyricist, etc. Target = 1 indicates that the user played the song within 30 days; Target = 0 signifies that the user did not play the song.
  • individ'suals .csv - It contains client account information like user_name, user_age, user_gender, user_subscription_plan, and so forth.

Remove duplicate or pointless observations as well as undesirable observations from your dataset. The majority of duplicate observations will occur during data gathering. Duplicate data can be produced when you merge data sets from several sources, scrape data, or get from clients or other departments. One of the most important factors to consider in this procedure is de-duplication. Those observations are deemed irrelevant when you observe data that do not pertain to the particular issue you are attempting to study.

For instance, you might eliminate those useless observations if you wish to examine data about millennial clients, but your dataset also includes observations from earlier generations. In addition to providing a more understandable and effective dataset, this can increase analysis efficiency and reduce divergence from your main aim.

Step 1: Data Cleaning

Anomalies, outliers, and missing values may be present in the dataset. These situations may affect how accurately and efficiently algorithms are implemented. A dataset contains 30-50% outliers or missing values. The data needs to be uniformly normalized throughout.

Data cleansing is removing information from your dataset that does not belong there. The methods used to sanitize that data are the main topic of this essay. The process of changing data from one place or architecture to another is known as data transformation. Transformation activities are also known as data wrangling or data munging

when translating data from one "hard" data form into another format for archiving and analysis.

We employ the following methods to clean the data: 1. Outlier Recognition and Treatment.

Outliers are ludicrous values and are outside the acceptable range for a label. For instance, a user's age below zero and above one hundred can be deemed ludicrous. It might be stricter in specific circumstances, such as when buying alcohol between 18 and 100.

Benefits of data cleaning

  • When you have clean data, you can make decisions using the highest-quality information and eventually boost productivity. Benefits comprise:
  • Removal of inaccuracies when several data sources are involved.
  • Clients are happier, and employees are less annoyed when there are fewer mistakes.
  • The capacity to map out your data's many functions and planned uses.
  • Monitoring mistakes and improving reporting make resolving incorrect or damaged data easier for future operations by allowing users to identify where issues are coming from.

Step 2: Addition of Missing Values

Imputing entails substituting a different value for any lacking values in the dataset.

We divide user-song pairings into two distinct categories: repetitions and non-repeats.

  • Replacing empty values in the dataset with the proper data - The median or the average of the values is used to fill in the gaps left by the missing values.
  • Eliminating all null values - In this situation, all the pieces of information with missing data are eliminated, which causes data loss. Following this process, the dataset file's size decreases.
  • Creating a new Missing label - Data points with missing values are placed in a new section labeled "missing." It categorizes the lacking resources into a single group.
  • Finally, change the numerical counterparts of string labels.

Step 3: Correct structural issues

When you test or exchange data and find odd naming practices, typos, or wrong capitalization, such are structural faults. Mislabeled sections or classes may result from these inconsistencies. For instance, you might see both "N/A" and "Not Applicable," but they must be assessed as belonging to the same category.

Step 4: Eliminate unwelcome outliers

There will frequently be isolated findings that, at first look, seem to need to fit the data you are evaluating. Removing an outlier if you have a good reason to, such as incorrect data entry, will enhance the accuracy of the data you are currently working with. However, occasionally an outlier's appearance will support a theory you're working on. Remember that an outlier doesn't necessarily indicate that something needs to be fixed. To determine the reliability of the number, this step is necessary. If an outlier turns out to be incorrect or unimportant for the analysis, you should remove it.

Step 5: Data standardization

Data standardization allows you to recognize and transform data from many formats into standardized one. Data standardization can be useful if you don't have data restrictions at data entry or if company data have conflicting forms. In contrast to data validation, standardization procedures can be used on data that has already been gathered. This entails creating scripts to transform your soiled data into reliable ones.

Matching strings: Use rigorous or fuzzy string-matching techniques to find exact and close matches with your data and legitimate values to standardize inconsistent data. By comparing your data characters to the expected valid values, you can eliminate or modify the strings that don't match.


NumPy, Sklearn, and Pandas

To develop a music recommendation system, the following 4 modelling strategies will be assessed in this project:

  • Regression with logit
    • Of all the algorithms, regression is the most straightforward. It can be found in the Sklearn package of Python as little more than a linear model.
  • Determination Tree
    • The decision tree uses the tree structure to arrive at decisions or outcomes. Each level offers the option of choosing one of the two branches. The result is output by the tree after each iteration.
  • Forest Random

Decision Trees are gathered into a Random Forest.

Recommended models

As I've already mentioned, these music streaming sites use ML models to offer the songs you enjoy. These models are referred to as classes in the Recommendation Python package. We must import Pandas and Numpy libraries into this package:

Let's now talk about the models that are applied to recommendations:

Recommendation for Popularity:

This algorithm suggests music to you that is trending or popular in your area. This model is based on the songs well-liked in your area or constantly played by system users.

The source code of popularity recommendation

Similarity Recommendation:

Your daily music listening habits are taken into account by this model.

For instance: Let's say you use Spotify to listen to Linkin Park's song Numb. After watching the songs, you may be given music recommendations such as Boulevard of Shattered Dreams by Green Day or At the End by Linkin Park because these songs have the same artist or genre.

Source code:

We now integrate them into a new file by using Python libraries necessary for this task and the Guid'seline package:

Source code:

After that, we'll open an a.csv file with the data and obtain the number of occasions a user has listened to each song in line five.

Source code:


Music Recommendation System Python Project with Source Code

For better understanding, we will now display the number of songs, or the number of rows, in the dataset in the file.

Source code:


Total no of songs: 2000000

Next, we'll build a dataframe from a portion of the provided dataset.

Source code:

Because the output is too long enough to display in full, I've excerpted it below.


Anyway - Armand Van Helden & A-TRAK Present Du.
5139 high fives - Four Tets
5142 in white rooms - Booka Shades
5132 paranoid's androids - Christophers O'Riley
5192 ¿LoVes? [Piano ¿LoVes? [Piano Y Voz] - Alehjandro Sanz
51502 Época - Gotan Project
512 rows × 3 columns
518 Your Love - The Outfield
7121 Your Mouth - Telefon Tel Aviv
Ze Rook Naar Rozen - Rob De Nijs
7131 Zebra - Beach Houses
7132 Zebra - Man Mans
71332 Zero - The Pain Machinery
71352 Zopf: pigtail - Penguin Café Orchestra
5123 Your Songs (Alternate Take 10) - Cilla Black2
7126 Your Visits Are Getting Shorter - Bloc Party2
7127 Your Woman - White Towns
7130 Ze Rook Naar Rozen - Rob De Nijs
7131 Zebra - Beach Houses
7132 Zebra - Man Mans
7133 Zero - The Pain Machinery
7132 Zopf: pigtail - Penguin Café Orchestra
5137s2 Anyway - Armand Van Helden & A-TRAK Present Du.
51392 high fives - Four Tets
51402 in white rooms - Booka Shades
51432 paranoid's androids - Christophers O'Riley
51492 LoVes [Piano ¿LoVes? [Piano Y Voz] - Alehjandro Sanz
51502 Época - Gotan Project
51512 rows × 3 columns

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