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Python Program to Move all the zeros to the end of Array

In this tutorial, we will write the Python program to move all the zero at the end of the array. The problem statement is a given array of the random number consists of some zero at the random place at zero, but we need to maintain the order of the given array. For example -

If the given array is [2, 7, 6, 0, 9, 0, 1, 0, 0, 8, 0], it should be transform to [2, 7, 6. 9, 1, 8, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0]. The array has maintained the relative order of items in the array. The expected time complexity is O(n) and extra space O(1).

Example -

There are several ways to solve this problem, and we will use some methods to solve this excitingly.

Solution Implementation

In this method, we traverse the given array left to right and place the element at the next available position in the array. Once all the non-zero elements are placed, we fill all the remaining indices with zeros.

Let's implement this approach through the Python program.

Example -


[8, 7, 4, 2, 1, 0, 0, 0]

Explanation -

In the above code, we defined the move_zero() function that takes a list as an argument. Inside the function, we initialized the variable with zero, which keeps track of the next available index position. Then, we traverse the list and check whether a current element is non-zero; if true, then put it at the next position and increase the counter of k. Once all the non-zero elements are stored in the list, we run another for loop from k to the given list's length. At the remaining indices, we put the zero at the end of the list.

Time Complexity - The time complexity is 0(n), where n is the size of the input.

The above solution is easy to implement. Let's understand another solution.

Method - 2: Using the partitioning logic of Quicksort

We can also solve this problem by the partitioning of the Quicksort's portioning logic. In this approach, we make a 0 as a pivot and make one pass of the partitioning process. The partitioning logic reads all elements and swaps every non-pivot element with the first occurrence of the pivot.

Let's understand the following example.

Example -


[6, 8, 2, 3, 4, 1, 0, 0, 0]

Explanation -

In the above code, we created a swap function to swap the elements. Then, we created the partition() method, which calls the swap method and each time we encounter a non-zero ''j'' is increased. The element is placed before the pivot.

The time complexity of the above code is 0(n), where n is the size of the input.


In this tutorial, we have discussed some solutions to the above problem. It is an introductory Python list-related problem, and this problem can be asked in the technical interviews.

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