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Python Tkinter Text

The Text widget is used to show the text data on the Python application. However, Tkinter provides us the Entry widget which is used to implement the single line text box.

The Text widget is used to display the multi-line formatted text with various styles and attributes. The Text widget is mostly used to provide the text editor to the user.

The Text widget also facilitates us to use the marks and tabs to locate the specific sections of the Text. We can also use the windows and images with the Text as it can also be used to display the formatted text.

The syntax to use the Text widget is given below.

Syntax

A list of possible options that can be used with the Text widget is given below.

SN Option Description
1 bg The background color of the widget.
2 bd It represents the border width of the widget.
3 cursor The mouse pointer is changed to the specified cursor type, i.e. arrow, dot, etc.
4 exportselection The selected text is exported to the selection in the window manager. We can set this to 0 if we don't want the text to be exported.
5 font The font type of the text.
6 fg The text color of the widget.
7 height The vertical dimension of the widget in lines.
8 highlightbackground The highlightcolor when the widget doesn't has the focus.
9 highlightthickness The thickness of the focus highlight. The default value is 1.
10 highlighcolor The color of the focus highlight when the widget has the focus.
11 insertbackground It represents the color of the insertion cursor.
12 insertborderwidth It represents the width of the border around the cursor. The default is 0.
13 insertofftime The time amount in Milliseconds during which the insertion cursor is off in the blink cycle.
14 insertontime The time amount in Milliseconds during which the insertion cursor is on in the blink cycle.
15 insertwidth It represents the width of the insertion cursor.
16 padx The horizontal padding of the widget.
17 pady The vertical padding of the widget.
18 relief The type of the border. The default is SUNKEN.
19 selectbackground The background color of the selected text.
20 selectborderwidth The width of the border around the selected text.
21 spacing1 It specifies the amount of vertical space given above each line of the text. The default is 0.
22 spacing2 This option specifies how much extra vertical space to add between displayed lines of text when a logical line wraps. The default is 0.
23 spacing3 It specifies the amount of vertical space to insert below each line of the text.
24 state It the state is set to DISABLED, the widget becomes unresponsive to the mouse and keyboard unresponsive.
25 tabs This option controls how the tab character is used to position the text.
26 width It represents the width of the widget in characters.
27 wrap This option is used to wrap the wider lines into multiple lines. Set this option to the WORD to wrap the lines after the word that fit into the available space. The default value is CHAR which breaks the line which gets too wider at any character.
28 xscrollcommand To make the Text widget horizontally scrollable, we can set this option to the set() method of Scrollbar widget.
29 yscrollcommand To make the Text widget vertically scrollable, we can set this option to the set() method of Scrollbar widget.

Methods

We can use the following methods with the Text widget.

SN Method Description
1 delete(startindex, endindex) This method is used to delete the characters of the specified range.
2 get(startindex, endindex) It returns the characters present in the specified range.
3 index(index) It is used to get the absolute index of the specified index.
4 insert(index, string) It is used to insert the specified string at the given index.
5 see(index) It returns a boolean value true or false depending upon whether the text at the specified index is visible or not.

Mark handling methods

Marks are used to bookmark the specified position between the characters of the associated text.

SN Method Description
1 index(mark) It is used to get the index of the specified mark.
2 mark_gravity(mark, gravity) It is used to get the gravity of the given mark.
3 mark_names() It is used to get all the marks present in the Text widget.
4 mark_set(mark, index) It is used to inform a new position of the given mark.
5 mark_unset(mark) It is used to remove the given mark from the text.

Tag handling methods

The tags are the names given to the separate areas of the text. The tags are used to configure the different areas of the text separately. The list of tag-handling methods along with the description is given below.

SN Method Description
1 tag_add(tagname, startindex, endindex) This method is used to tag the string present in the specified range.
2 tag_config This method is used to configure the tag properties.
3 tag_delete(tagname) This method is used to delete a given tag.
4 tag_remove(tagname, startindex, endindex) This method is used to remove a tag from the specified range.

Example

Output:

Python Tkinter Text
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