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Python Timeit Module

In this tutorial, we will examine the Python worked in the library for computing the execution season of the python program. Such a library in Python gives a strategy known as the timeit() technique. The timeit module will execute the program (in Python) multiple times to precisely estimate the code execution. We can likewise ascertain the execution time by working out the beginning and end seasons of the program's execution and deducting them where this interaction is exceptionally tedious. Consequently, we use the timeit()method to do so, and this strategy is additionally valuable for computing the program execution.

What is Timeit() in Python?

Python timeit() function is a strategy in the Python module to gauge the run time used by the given bit code. The Python module runs the program proclamation 1 million times and gives the base time used from the arrangement of code pieces. Python timeit() is a valuable technique that aids in really taking a look at the exhibition of the code.

Why use the timeit Module?

  • All things considered, what about utilizing a straightforward time module? Save the time when the execution of code and take them away! Be that as it may, this strategy isn't exactly as there may be a foundation cycle quickly running, which upsets the code execution, and you will get critical varieties in the running season of little code pieces.
  • Timeit runs your bit of code a huge number of times (default esteem is a million), intending to get the measurably most important estimation of code execution time!
  • Timeit is easy to utilize, has an order line interface, and is callable.

So presently, how about we begin investigating this helpful Module?


Allow us to see the language structure of the timeit() function, which acknowledges four boundaries, and it is given as:


  • stmt: This boundary is to gauge the explanation you need, and the default esteem is "pass".
  • Setup: This boundary is utilized to set the code that should be run before the stmt boundary, and this likewise has default esteem as "pass", and this boundary is, for the most part, utilized for bringing in other code modules that are expected for this code.
  • Timer: This boundary is a timeit article and has its default esteem.
  • Number: This boundary indicates the number, which refers to the number of executions you wish to run the stmt boundary. The default worth of this boundary is 1 million (a million)
  • The return value of this function timeit.timeit() is in secs which returns the value it took to run the code scraps in secs esteem.

Presently we will see a basic model that utilizes the function timeit(). The timeit() capability utilizes boundary stmt, which is utilized to determine the code scraps which we need to work out the hour of execution of the given code pieces in stmt. In this article, we can have stmt in a line utilizing single statements or different lines utilizing semicolons or triple statements.

Examples of Python Timeit Module

Example 1

A basic example is represented below.

Source Code:



Explanation of the above code:

  • The result of the above program will be the run time(in secs) for 10000 emphases of the code bit passed to timeit.timeit() capability.
  • Note: Pay consideration regarding the result is the execution season of the number times cycle of the code bit, not the single emphasis. For a solitary emphasis executive. Time, partition the result time by number.
  • The program is straightforward. All we want to do is to send the code as strings to the functionà timeit().
  • Keeping the import proclamations and other static bits of code in the arrangement argument is prudent.

Example 2

We should see one more commonsense model in which we will look at two looking through strategies, specifically, Binary hunt and Linear pursuit.

Likewise, here I exhibit two additional highlights, function timeit.repeat()and call the capabilities previously characterized in our program.

Source Code:

The result of the above program will be the base worth in the rundown times.

This is how an example output is expected to be:


Linear search time: 6.454363567
Binary search time: 5.64265368

Example 3

Source Code:


Program to demonstrate the timeit functions for single and multiline code
The single line code in stmt parameters are 
results = 10 * 6
The multiple code stmt using semicolons is given as follows:
p1 = 10;q1 = 6; product = p1*q1
The multiple codes stmt using triple quotes are given as follows:
def area_circle():
    r1 = 3
    res1 = math.pi * r1 * r1
The time taken to run the given code stmt1, which uses semicolon, is:
0.0016542109988222364 secs
The time taken to run the given code stmt2, which uses semicolon, is:
0.0050392220000503585 secs
The time taken to run the given code stmt3, which uses triple quotes, is:
0.1096050180021848 secs

Screenshot of the above-generated output:

Python Timeit Module

Explanation of the above code:

In the above program, we perceived how we utilized arrangement, stmt, and number contentions alongside the proclamations with at least one line of code. To compose more than one line of code, we have involved a semicolon in stmt2, and we can likewise involve triple statements for composing different lines, and we have composed it in stmt3. Consequently, the import explanation expected for stmt3 is allocated to the arrangement boundary of the timeit() capability as this is utilized to execute the stmt worth. Afterwards, it returns the hour of the execution of proclamations after running number = a million times.

In Python, the timer module gives timeit() capability to compute the execution time. This timeit() capability has an order line interface and callable capability. Before utilizing this capability, we ought to take note of certain focuses; we can't utilize this capability wherever implies this is utilized exclusively for little code scraps. It is smarter to utilize a few different capabilities rather because the timeit() capability works out the execution of code in a flash, yet imagine a scenario in which the code requires a few moments to execute; then, this capability won't be suggested. As we discussed, the time module utilized for working out the program's execution isn't recommendable because it will require some foundation investment that may not give a precise time.

Example 4:

Next, we introduce timeit with another simple example, but first, we must import the timeit module with the "import timeit" statement. This is required in case we are not using command-line syntax like above.

Source Code:

Above, we pass the statements in quoted strings to the timeit.timeit method, and then we increase the iterations by specifying a number argument.


Output generated on the first time running the program:


Output generated on the second time running the program:


Output generated on the third time running the program:


Explanation of the above code:

At the point when some program is running, many cycles additionally run behind the scenes to make that code executable. The time module doesn't count foundation processes execution time but assuming you want exact time execution estimations, timeit is the module to pull out all the stops.

The timeit module runs the code roughly 1 million times (default worth) and considers the base measure of time it took to run that piece of code.

For what reason is timeit() the most effective way to quantify the execution season of Python code?

The following are a few justifications for why we consider timeit() the most effective way to gauge execution time.

  • It runs the code explanation 1 million times, which is the default esteem, and from that, it will return you the base time taken. You can increment/decline the 1 million by setting the contention number in time () capability.
  • While executing the test, the trash assortment is crippled by time () capability.
  • timeit() inside takes the precise time according to your working framework. For instance, it will utilize time.clock() for Windows working framework and time.time() for macintosh and Linux.


In this tutorial, we presume that the timeit module in Python gives timeit() capability. This capability is utilized for ascertaining the code explanations' execution season. In this article, we saw a fundamental model. Furthermore, we perceived how the assertions could be composed involving semicolons or triple statements for single-line proclamations and various lines of program explanation.

We likewise saw models for composing models with timeit() capability contentions like arrangement, stmt, and number. This timeit() capability is extremely valuable than the time module as this will assist with computing the exhibition of the code effectively and rapidly. This timeit() capability should be utilized exclusively for the little code bits as this is very little recommendable for extensive code scraps as it returns the time in a moment or two.

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