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How to print pattern in Python

In Python, for loop is used to print the various patterns. Printing the various patterns are most common asked programming questions in the interview. The multiple for loops are used to print the patterns where the first outer loop is used to print the number of rows, and the inner loop is used to print the number of columns. Most of the patterns use the following concepts.

  • The outer loop to print the number of rows.
  • The inner loops to print the number of columns.
  • The variable to print whitespace according to the required place in Python.

In this tutorial, we will discuss a few common patterns.

Print Pyramid, Star, and diamond pattern in Python

In this section, we will learn the common pyramid patterns.

Pattern - 1: Simple pyramid pattern

Example -

Output:

* 
* * 
* * * 
* * * * 
* * * * *

Explanation:

In the above code, we have initialized the n variable to enter the number of rows for the pattern. We entered n = 5, the range of outer for loop will be 0 to 4.

  • The iteration of the inner for loop depends on the outer loop. The inner loop is responsible to print the number of columns.
  • In the first iteration, the value of i is 0, and it increased by 1, so it becomes 0+1, now inner loop iterated first time and print one star(*).
  • In the second iteration, the value of i is 1 and it increased by 1, so it becomes 1+1, now inner loop iterated two times and print two-star (*).
  • The end argument prevents to jump into another line. It will printer the star until the loop is valid.
  • The last print statement is responsible for ending the line after each row.

Pattern - 2: Reverse right angle pyramid

Example -

Output:

      * 
     * * 
    * * * 
   * * * * 
  * * * * *

Pattern - 3: Printing Downward half - Pyramid

Code -

Output:

Enter the number of rows: 5
* * * * *  
* * * *  
* * *  
* *  
*  

Pattern - 4: Printing Triangle Pyramid

Code -

Output:

Enter the number of rows: 10
                  *   
                 *  *   
                *  *  *   
               *  *  *  *   
              *  *  *  *  *   
             *  *  *  *  *  *   
            *  *  *  *  *  *  *   
           *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *   
          *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *   
         *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *   

Pattern - 5: Downward Triangle Pattern

Code -

Output:

                  * * * * * * * * * * * 
                   * * * * * * * * * * 
                    * * * * * * * * * 
                     * * * * * * * * 
                      * * * * * * * 
                       * * * * * * 
                        * * * * * 
                         * * * * 
                          * * * 
                           * * 
                            *

Pattern - 6: Diamond Shaped Pattern

Code -

Output:

Enter the number of rows: 8
              * 
             * * 
            * * * 
           * * * * 
          * * * * * 
         * * * * * * 
        * * * * * * * 
       * * * * * * * * 
      * * * * * * * * * 
       * * * * * * * * 
        * * * * * * * 
         * * * * * * 
          * * * * * 
           * * * * 
            * * * 
             * * 
              *

Pattern - 7: Print two pyramid in a single pattern

Code -

Output:

Enter the number of rows: 7
*  
* *  
* * *  
* * * *  
* * * * *  
* * * * * *  
* * * * * * *  
* * * * * * *  
* * * * * *  
* * * * *  
* * * *  
* * *  
* *  
*

Pattern - 8: Hourglass Pattern

Code -

Output:

Enter the number of rows: 5
   * * * * * * 
    * * * * * 
     * * * * 
      * * * 
       * * 
        * 
        * 
       * * 
      * * * 
     * * * * 
   * * * * * 
  * * * * * *

We have discussed the basic pyramid pattern using for loops. The concept of the pattern depends on the logic and proper use of for loop.

Number Pattern in Python

In this section, we describe a few programs of different types of number patterns. Let's understand the following patterns one by one.

Pattern - 1: Number Pattern

Code -

Output:

Enter the number of rows: 5
1  
2 2  
3 3 3  
4 4 4 4  
5 5 5 5 5  

Explanation -

In the above code, we have printed the numbers according to rows value. The first row prints a single number. Next, two numbers, prints in the second row, and the next three number prints on the third row and so on. In the

Pattern - 2: Half pyramid pattern with the number

Code -

Output:

Enter the number of rows: 5
1 
1 2 
1 2 3 
1 2 3 4 
1 2 3 4 5

In the above code, we have printed the column value j in the inner for loop.

Pattern - 3: Inverted Pyramid Pattern

Code -

Output:

Enter the number of rows: 5
1 1 1 1 1 
2 2 2 2 
3 3 3 
4 4 
5

Explanation:

In the above code, we have used the reversed loop to print the downward inverted pyramid where number reduced after each iteration.

Pattern - 4: Same number Inverted Pyramid

Code -

Output:

Enter the number of rows: 6
6 6 6 6 6 6 
6 6 6 6 6 
6 6 6 6 
6 6 6 
6 6 
6

Pattern - 5: Descending Order of Number

Code -

Output:

Enter the number of rows: 6
6 6 6 6 6 6 
5 5 5 5 5 
4 4 4 4 
3 3 3 
2 2 
1

Pattern - 6: Print 1 to 10 numbers in Pattern

Code -

Output:

1 
2 3 4 
5 6 7 8 9

Pattern - 7: Reverse Pattern from 10 to 1

Code -

Output:

Enter the number of rows: 6
6 5 4 3 2 1 
5 4 3 2 1 
4 3 2 1 
3 2 1 
2 1 
1

Pattern - 8: Print Odd Numbers

Code -

Output:

Enter the number of rows: 5
1 
3 3 
5 5 5 
7 7 7 7 
9 9 9 9 9

Pattern - 9: Square Pattern using with number

Code -

Output:

Enter the number of rows: 5
1 2 3 4 5 
2 2 3 4 5 
3 3 3 4 5 
4 4 4 4 5 
5 5 5 5 5

Pattern - 10: Multiplication Number in Column

Output:

Enter the number of rows: 8
1  
2  4  
3  6  9  
4  8  12  16  
5  10  15  20  25  
6  12  18  24  30  36  
7  14  21  28  35  42  49  

In the above section, we have discussed all the basic number patterns. It will make a strong command on Python for loop. We can any type of pattern using for loop.

Alphabets and Letters Pattern in Python

As we know that the, each alphabet has its own ASCII value, so define a character and print it to the screen. Let's understand these patterns by following examples

Pattern - 1: Right-angled pattern with characters

Code -

Output:

The character pattern 
A 
B C 
D E F 
G H I J 
K L M N O

Explanation -

In the above code, we have assigned the integer value 65 to asciiValue variable which is an ASCII value of A. We defined for loop to print five rows. In the inner loop body, we converted the ASCII value into the character using the char() function. It will print the alphabets, increased the asciiValue after each iteration.

Pattern - 2: Right-angled Pattern with Same Character

Code -

Output:

The character pattern 
Enter the ASCII value to print pattern: 75
K 
K K 
K K K 
K K K K 
K K K K K

Pattern - 3: Display letter of the word in Pattern

Code -

Output:

J
Ja
Jav
Java
JavaT
JavaTp
JavaTpo
JavaTpoi
JavaTpoin
JavaTpoint

We can use any word to print the characters.

Pattern - 5: Equilateral triangle pattern with characters

Code -

Output:

Print equilateral triangle Pyramid with characters 
        A 
       B C 
      D E F 
     G H I J 
    K L M N O

In this article, we have discussed all basic pattern programs. These patterns are commonly asked during the interview and it is also helpful to understand the concept of Python for loop. Once we get the logic of the program, we can print the any pattern using the Python loops.






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