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Android Studio

Android Studio is the official integrated development environment (IDE) for Android operating system. It is built on JetBrains IntelliJ IDEA software and designed specifically for Android development. It is available for Windows, macOS, and Linux based operating system.

Android Studio is the replacement for the Eclipse Android Development Tools (ADT) as the primary IDE for native Android application development.

Android Studio was announced on May 16, 2013, at the Google I/O conference that it is the official IDE for Android application development. It was the early access preview stage which starts from version 0.1 in May 2013. Android Studio releases its first stable build in December 2014, starting from version 1.0.

Since May 7, 2019, Google preferred Kotlin language for Android app development. Still, other languages are also supported, including Android Studio.

Android Studio

Features of Android Studio

The current stable version of Android Studio provides the following features:

  • It provides the Gradle based build support.
  • Android-specific refactoring and quick fixes.
  • It uses Lint tools to catch performance, version compatibility, usability, and other problems.
  • ProGuard integration and app-signing capabilities
  • It provides template-based wizards to create common Android designs and components.
  • It provides a rich layout editor that allows the user to drag-and-drop UI components, option to preview layouts on multiple screen configurations.
  • It has an Android Virtual Device (Emulator) to run and debug apps in the Android studio.

Version History of Android Studio

Version Release date
1.0 December 2014
1.1 February 2015
1.2 April 2015
1.3 July 2015
1.4 September 2015
1.5 November 2015
2.0 April 2016
2.1 April 2016
2.2 September 2016
2.3 March 2017
3.0 October 2017
3.1 March 2018
3.2 September 2018
3.3 January 2019
3.4 April 2019
3.5 August 2019

System Requirement for Android Studio

We will start our Android application development on either of the following operating systems:

  • Mac operating system X 10.8.5 or higher, up to 10.9 (Mavericks)
  • Microsoft Windows 10/8/7/Vista/2003 (32 or 64-bit)
  • GNOME or KDE desktop

All the tools which are required to develop the Android applications are open source, and they can be downloaded from the web. Following are the list of software which is required before we start our Android application programming.

  • Java JDK5 or latest version
  • Java Runtime Environment (JRE) 6
  • Android Studio

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