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Microsoft Windows history

A small but significant event occurred on November 10, 1983, at the Plaza Hotel in New York City: Microsoft Corporation, a slight-recognized company, formally announced a graphical user interface (GUI) for its own operating system (MS-DOS), which had been shipping for IBM PC and compatible computers since 1981.

Before its initial debut in 1985, marketing experts convinced Bill Gates that Windows was a more acceptable name for the new product, which was previously titled, Interface Manager.

Microsoft Windows history

Since 1981, when MS-DOS became the very popular operating system for the computer system that came packed with an IBM computer, IBM has been Microsoft's principal partner. Therefore, in November of 1983, Microsoft's founder Bill Gates decided in order to demonstrate IBM's management a beta version of Windows.

However, their answer was negative, owing to IBM's development of their own operating system, Top View.

Top View, a DOS-based multitasking program manager with no graphical user interface, was introduced in February 1985 by IBM. According to IBM, future editions of Top View will include a GUI with the operating system. The effort was shut down after only two years since that pledge was never met.

While seeing Apple's Lisa computer and then the more successful Macintosh computer, Bill Gates appears to have understood how profitable a good GUI for an IBM machine would be. The graphical user interface on both Apple laptops was outstanding. Below is a table that contains a complete history of Microsoft Windows.

Year Event
1983 On November 10, 1983, Microsoft Windows was Bill Gates launched.
1985 On November 20, 1985, Microsoft took more than two years in order to release the promised software, Microsoft Windows 1.0, at the cost of $100 at the time. Version 1.0 of Microsoft Windows was deemed unstable, primitive, and slow. Apple's threat of legal action compounded the company's poor start. Apple attorneys warned Bill Gates in September 1985 that Windows was infringing on Apple's copyrights and patents, as well as stealing Apple's trade secrets.
1987 On December 9, 1987, Microsoft released Windows 2.0, which cost $100.00 at the time. It was a greatly enhanced version of Windows that incorporated icons to represent programs and files, greater support for expanded-memory hardware, and overlapping windows to make Windows-on the basis of computers resemble Macintosh computers.

In the same, on December 9, 1987, Microsoft Windows/386, sometimes known as Windows 386, was introduced for a cost of $100.00.

1988 In June 1988, Microsoft introduced Windows/286 (or Windows 286 for short), which cost $100.00 at the time.
1990 On May 22, 1990, Microsoft introduced Windows 3.0. The complete version of Microsoft Windows 3.0 cost $149.95, while the upgrade version costs $79.95. Better program manager and icon system, redesigned file manager, sixteen-color support, improved performance and stability, and, most crucially, extensive third-party compatibility were all included in Windows 3.0. End customers had an incentive to buy Windows 3.0 because programmers began producing Windows-compatible software. The first year, three million copies were sold, and Windows had finally matured.
1991 Following its choice not to cooperate on operating systems with IBM, Microsoft renamed its version of OS/2, which was formerly known as NT OS/2 3.0, to Windows NT. David Cutler created Window NT, which was based on a different architecture as compared to IBM's OS/2 operating system.

In October 1991, Microsoft introduced Windows 3.0 or Windows 3.0a with multimedia.

1992 Windows 3.1 was released in April 1992 was an instant success, and it sold almost 3 million copies in its first two months. It came with new features such as program rebooting, object linking and embedding (OLE), TrueType scalable font compatibility, as well as multimedia support, etc. Windows 3.x was the most popular operating system on PCs until Windows 95 took over in 1997.
1993 Microsoft's initial edition of a series of operating systems. Microsoft released Windows NT 3.1 on 27, July, 1993 (the version number was chosen in order to match that of Windows 31, Microsoft's most current operating system at the time) due to the similar visual design of the user interface. On December 31, 1993, Microsoft released Windows 3.11, an update to Windows 3.1, and page-level conversions from 16-bit to 32-bit addressing were made. In the same year, 1993, over 25 million licensed users of Microsoft Windows were there.
1994 In February 1994, Microsoft launched Windows for Workgroups 3.11. On September 21, 1994, Microsoft introduced Windows NT 3.5. Also, on May 30, 1995, Microsoft launched Windows NT 3.51.
1995 Microsoft Windows 95 was introduced on August 24, 1995, and it sparked such a purchasing frenzy that even those who didn't own a computer bought copies. Within four days, it had sold over one million copies. The operating system Windows 95 (codenamed Chicago) was largely recognized as a user-friendly system. It came with many features such as extended filename support, a built-in TCP/IP stack, and dial-up networking. Microsoft launched Windows 95 Service Pack 1 (4.00.950A) on February 14, 1996.
1996 On July 29, 1996, Windows NT 4.0 was launched by Microsoft. On August 24, 1996, Microsoft launched Windows 95 (4.00.950B), dubbed OSR2 with FAT32 and MMX functionality. Also, in November 1996, Microsoft introduced Windows CE 1.0.
1997 In November 1997, Microsoft introduced Windows CE 2.0. On 26 November 1997, Microsoft Windows 95 (4.00.950C) or OSR2.5 was introduced.
1998 In June of 1998, Microsoft released an operating system named Windows 98, which was the last Windows version to use the MS-DOS kernel. Microsoft's Internet browser "Internet Explorer 4" was incorporated into Windows 98, which enabled new input methods such as USB. The next version, Windows CE 2.1 was introduced by Microsoft.

Microsoft announced in October 1998 that future versions of Windows NT will no longer be referred to as Windows NT and would instead be referred to as Windows 2000.

1999 On May 5, 1999, Microsoft introduced Windows 98 SE (Second Edition). In the same year, in 1999, Windows CE 3.0 was also launched by Microsoft.
2000 Bill Gates stated at CES on January 4th, 2000, that the latest version of Windows CE would be dubbed Pocket PC. On February 17, 2000, Microsoft released Windows 2000, which was based upon Microsoft's NT technology. Starting with Windows 2000, Microsoft made automatic software upgrades available over the Internet. In the same year, 2000, Microsoft released Windows ME (Millennium) on 19 June.
2001 On October 25, 2001, Microsoft released Windows XP, which improved multi-media capability and performance. " The XP in Windows XP stands for "experience," according to Microsoft, emphasizing "the new experiences that Windows can deliver to personal computer users." The date was March 28, 2003, Microsoft launched the Windows XP 64-bit version for Itanium computers.
2003 Microsoft introduced Windows Server 2003 on March 28, 2003. Microsoft released Windows XP 64-bit edition for Itanium 2 computers on March 28, 2003. (version 2003). Microsoft also launched Windows XP Media Center Edition 2003 on the same year 2003.
2004 Microsoft released, on October 12, 2004, Windows XP Media Center Edition 2005
2005 On 24 April 2005, Microsoft introduced Windows XP Professional x64 Edition. On July 23, 2005, Microsoft revealed that Windows Vista will be the name of their next operating system, code-named "Longhorn."
2006 For companies on November 30, 2006, Microsoft released Microsoft Windows Vista.
2007 Microsoft's next desktop operating system was launched more than five years after its predecessor, marking the longest time between Windows desktop operating system versions. In January 2007, Microsoft unveiled Windows Vista (codenamed "Longhorn"). A renovated graphical user interface and visual style called as Aero, a rewritten search function, multimedia tools such as Windows DVD Maker, and overhauled networking, audio, print, and display subsystems are among the many new features and enhancements. On January 30, 2007, Microsoft also released Microsoft Office 2007 to the general market.
2007 In 2007, Vista attempted to improve communication between workstations on a home network with the help of utilizing peer-to-peer technology to make file and video sharing across computers and devices easier. The.NET Framework 3.0 is included in Windows Vista, which allows software developers to construct programs without having to use standard Windows APIs.
2008 On February 27, 2008, Microsoft launched Microsoft Windows Server 2008 to the general market.
2009 Microsoft introduced Windows 7 on October 22, 2009. Windows 7 seems to be the best-selling Microsoft OS in the market. In the first nine months, its 15 million copies were sold. Unlike its predecessor, which had a great number of new features, Windows 7 was designed to be a more targeted, incremental upgrade to the Windows series, with the objective of compatibility with programs and devices that worked with Windows Vista.
A home networking system called HomeGroup, a rebuilt Windows Shell with a new taskbar dubbed the Superbar, multi-touch support, and speed enhancements are all part of it.
2009 Also, Windows 7 no longer includes certain essential Microsoft Windows tools, including Windows Photo Gallery, Windows Mail, Windows Movie Maker, and Windows Calendar. Instead, they may be downloaded individually as part of the Windows Live Essentials bundle for free.
2012 On September 4, 2012, Microsoft introduced Windows Server 2012. On October 26, 2012, Microsoft introduced Windows 8, their latest desktop operating system. It is the first Microsoft operating system to be available on tablets and smartphones.
The desktop has undergone significant changes, and it is now relegated to the background in favor of the new "Modern UI" (User Interface). Because this interface is meant to be used with touchscreens as well as a mouse and keyboard, therefore, it no longer has a Start button, forcing the creation of programs expressly for it. You can download these programs through the developers' websites or the new Windows Store.
2012 Microsoft also boasts that Windows 8 is elegant, quick, and enjoyable (with the right hardware, and that it features significantly faster start times, security improvements, greater battery life, among other things. The new "Hybrid Boot" setting in Windows 8 is a great addition, since it helps to hibernate the Windows kernel on shutdown, making the next bootup go faster.. A new processes tab with the ability to display fewer or more data about active programs and background processes, a heat map with different colors reflecting the level of resource utilization, and other features have been added to the Task Manager
2013 On October 17, 2013, Microsoft announced Windows 8.1.
2015 On July 29, 2015, Microsoft unveiled Windows 10.
2021 On October 5, 2021, Microsoft announced the introduction of Windows 11. It succeeds Windows 10 as the most current version of the Microsoft Windows operating system. Among other things, this new operating system has a more attractive, modern style, greater security, and new methods to search for and download apps. Also, the operating system has a brand-new, streamlined, yet contemporary interface that was created to boost productivity and creativity.

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