Who invented the Internet?
The internet that we know and use today is not created by a single person. There were dozens of programmers, scientists, and engineers who developed new features and technologies; they worked to create the internet. A list is given below that contains different people who have worked and helped to develop the internet.
Indeed, many scientists had already expected to build the network connection. On 31 May 1931, a paper, "Information Flow in Large Communication Nets was published by Leonard Kleinrock that was the first paper of him. He is credited as being the first person to come up with the concept of the internet.
J.C.R. Licklider was named the first Director of IPTO in 1962, and he presented his concept of a galactic network. With concepts from Licklider and Kleinrock, Robert Taylor helped to build the internet, which later became ARPANET.
In the late 1960s, in the United States, the Internet first started being developed in California. Its first meeting was held by the NWG (Network Working Group) at the SRI (Stanford Research Institute) in the summer of 1968, chaired by Elmer Shapiro. Ron Stoughton, Steve Crocker, Steve Carr, and Jeff Rulifson were all other attendees in the development of the internet. During the meeting, the group discussed how to resolve challenges with getting hosts to communicate.
SRI's Elmer Shapiro presented a study titled "A Study of Computer Network Design Parameters" in December 1968". On the basis of this report and earlier work by Thomas Marill, Paul Baran, and others, the IMP (Interface Message Processor) specifications were created by Barry Wessler and Lawrence Roberts.
General public learns about the Internet
UCLA (University of California, Los Angeles) issued a press release on July 3, 1969, to introduce the world to the Internet.
First network equipment
On August 29, 1969, the "IMP" (Interface Message Processor), the first piece of network equipment and the first network switch, was delivered to UCLA. The first data is sent from UCLA to the switch on September 2nd.
The first message and network crash
On a computer at SRI, Leonard Kleinrock's computer science Professor sent the first Internet message from the laboratory at UCLA on Friday 29 October, 1969, at 10:30 p.m. This connection is regarded as the initial Internet backbone, and it was through it that the first transmission was made.
The LO was the first message sent out, and it was an attempt by Charley S. Kline to log onto the SRI computer at UCLA. However, due to the SRI system crashing, the message could not be completed. The problem was solved after the crash, and he could log into the computer.
The development of E-mail
Gradually, the development of computers was increased, and they had the ability to communicate with each other through a network. An email system was invented by a man by the name of Ray Tomlinson, and he sent the first network e-mail in 1971. When Tomlinson was working as an ARPANET contractor for Newman and Bolt Beranek in 1972, he adopted the @ sign to represent the sending of messages from one computer to another. In addition, an email system was the first communications system to deliver messages across a network to other users.
In modern times, all over the world, email is the main instrument for many people to allow communication with each other.
TCP is developed
TCP protocol suite, the most popular network protocol in the world, was designed by Vinton Cerf and Robert Kahn in 1973, both most often known as inventors of the internet. First, they designed and later, in December 1974, they published it with the help of Carl Sunshine and Yogen Dalal in RFC 675. Today, almost all consumer-targeted systems and operating systems include a TCP/IP implementation.
First commercial network
Telnet, the first Internet service provider, was founded in 1974 as a commercial version of ARPANET (Internet service provider).
Ethernet was created in 1973 by Bob Metcalfe, who came up with the concept.
The modem is introduced
In 1977, the 80-103A modem was introduced by Dale Heatherington and Dennis Hayes. The main function of the modem is to connect to the internet and get online. They became a common choice for home users.
TCP/IP is created
In 1978, to support real-time traffic, TCP split into TCP/IP, which was driven by John Shoch, David Reed, and Danny Cohen. TCP/IP was subsequently standardised into ARPANET on January 1, 1983, and aided in the development of UDP. TCP/IP is still the most widely used internet protocol in modern times.
DNS is introduced
Jon Postel and Paul Mockapetris established the DNS in 1984, and it became one of the first Internet Standards in 1986. Symbolics.com is the first domain name, which was registered by a computer company, Massachusetts on 15 March 1985.
First commercial dial-up ISP
In 1989, the United States saw the introduction of the first commercial Internet service provider, or ISP, also known as "The World," which was the first ISP that is still known for the Internet today.
Tim Berners-Lee developed the first version of HTML in 1993 while working at CERN. Since then, many versions of HTML have been introduced. HTML played the most important role in how we navigate and view the Internet today. Throughout the 2000s, HTML 4.01 was the most widely used html version, and in December 1999, it became an official standard. Tim Berners-Lee developed the website info.cern.ch at CERN and published it online on August 6, 1991.
On 6 August 1991, the WWW (World Wide Web) was introduced by Tim Berners-Lee to the public, and on 23 August 1991, it became publicly available. Most people think of the WWW as a collection of websites and pages linked together by links or the internet. Hundreds of people worked on the current standards and technology, yet the Internet would not be as popular now if it weren't for the WWW (World Wide Web).
First graphical Internet browser
The NCSA, with the help of Eric Bina and Marc Andreessen, released Mosaic, the first widely used graphical World Wide Web browser, on April 22, 1993. A year later, Netscape, a major competitor to Mosaic, was released. The internet browsers we use today, such as Firefox, Chrome, Internet Explorer, and others, were all inspired by the Mosaic browser. The Mosaic internet browser's UI is depicted in the image below.
Java is a programming language, which started to develop as a project known as "Oak" in June 1991 by James Gosling. Gosling's wanted to develop a language and virtual machine containing familiar C-like notation, and as compared to C/C++ languages, that has greater uniformity and simplicity. James Gosling and others developed it at Sun Microsystems and first implemented it to the public in 1995. It made network and file access to be limited as its security was configurable, and it was great to secure. Soon, in a secure "applet" configuration, it is incorporated with major web browsers. With the advent of "Java 2," new versions J2EE and J2ME were designed for large and small platforms. Sun sought the Ecma International and the ISO/IEC JTC1 standards in 1997 to codify Java, but it quickly dropped out of the process.
Java implementations by Sun come without charge and get revenue with the help of a specialized product like Java Enterprise System. The Runtime Environment (JRE) and Software Development Kit (SDK) developed by Sun have the difference that the JRE, which is the subset of the SDK, has no compiler. In modern times, Internet applications and other software programs are created with the help of using Java.
Mainly two people, Vinton Cerf and Robert Kahn, are considered the key inventors of the Internet. The WWW is commonly referred to as the "Internet," however it is not the same thing. Tim Berners-Lee was the brains behind the concept. Al Gore was also the first to create the phrase "information superhighway," despite the fact that he did not develop the Internet.