What jobs are being taken over by robots and computers?
The thought of being able to replace a human with the technology, computer and robot is appealing to organizations trying to save money. A robot has the potential to work without pay or benefits 24 hours a day, seven days a week, and is often faster and makes fewer mistakes as compared to a human. Employees can also get benefit from robots since they can easily perform repetitive, monotonous, or risky tasks while people focus on more exciting tasks.
Robots and computers have begun to replace more human occupations, as they have made enormous advancements in their performance and capacities in recent years. The following is a list of jobs that are being replaced or have been replaced by robots and computers.
Assembly-line and factory workers
Computer-controlled assembly and industrial robots have been in use since the late 1950s and can construct cars and other products. Almost all major industrial jobs today depend on robots to swiftly and cheaply generate millions of distinct things.
Many robots, such as Rethink Robotics' Baxter and Sawyer, do not necessitate the use of a professional technician to program the robot to carry out the activities that have been assigned to it; hence, they can be programmed by anyone. More firms will incorporate these sorts of robots into their operations as they become smarter and less expensive.
Bus drivers, taxi drivers, and truck drivers
Self-driving cars are getting closer to becoming a reality. More businesses and services are beginning to take advantage of existing technology, such as Uber's driverless test cars and Tesla's assisted driving cars. As self-driving cars grow more ubiquitous, millions of bus drivers, taxi drivers, truck drivers, and other transportation workers may be replaced.
Self-driving tunneling, drilling, dozing, and hauling solutions for mining and construction are even being developed by companies like Cat, which might remove these jobs. Autonomous or self-driving tractors and lawnmowers are available from farming firms such as John Deere.
Phone operators, telemarketers, and receptionists
We have all received an automated phone call, such as one from a telemarketer. Companies are finding it easier to integrate voice recognition and speech synthesis technologies, but users are having trouble determining if they are speaking with a human.
Data entry work
Individual data entry work in companies, and even at home, is projected to become redundant in the not-too-distant future. Traditional data entry work and responsibilities will almost probably be taken over by robots, making it increasingly difficult for those with years of expertise in the field to find well-paying positions. Because robots, software programs, and tools may be able to perform any data entry jobs that become available, demand for real humans would decline, resulting in the work becoming valued less overall.
In modern times, you can find self-checkout lines in almost all supermarket stores. Despite the fact that these computers are still overseen by a single human, that one person is now executing jobs that previously needed a large number of people.
Bank tellers and clerks
It used to be customary for a bank to employ a large number of people in the past time. In modern times, ATMs have largely replaced human bank tellers as a way of depositing and withdrawing money at any hour of the day. If more people use digital currencies like bitcoin and perform their financial transactions through their cellphones, banks and the financial system may be further shaken.
Many pharmacies are replacing human pharmacists with robots that can sort and manage their clients' prescriptions. These robots help prevent accidents, and because their robotic arms only take up a little amount of area, they can take up less space than their human counterparts.
Packing, stockroom, and warehouse moving
Packing and carrying items are being replaced by robots controlled by computer systems. For instance, Amazon robots have the potential to transfer all products to staff who package and distribute them to consumers.
When Amazon employees ship consumers products, these robots assist Amazon and its employees at that time to ship products faster as compared to their competitors. On the other hand, these machines are becoming the reason to replace the job of workers who previously performed this function. Furthermore, in order to transport, load, and unload goods, other businesses are adopting self-driving forklifts.
Retail services are replaced by computers and robots. People who handle way sales have been replaced by automated services. AI can be incorporated fast because numerous shops are focusing on self-ordering and payment alternatives. Many retail positions are being replaced by robots in order to better understand client trends. Furthermore, AI machines' extensive data analysis reveals other products that clients may be interested in the future.
Information gathering, analysts, and researchers
In law companies, e-discovery lawyers and research robots are already being used to replace paralegals and other workers. On the basis of keyboards, these robots have the potential to scan through millions of pages and find pertinent facts, e-mail addresses, contact numbers, and other information.
Computer systems developed to analyzes and detect patterns and trends in financial data are also replacing many financial analysts. Automatically detecting these patterns and trends is used to aid in the investment and risk identification of financial possibilities and risks.
As a result of AI, the delivery industry has undergone various social and economic changes. Several logistics and supply chain procedures have been made more efficient. As couriers, drones and robots are already displacing people. Robotic automation will have the largest influence on the transportation sector in the future years, aside from the industrial sector.
Journalists and reporters
Computer-assisted writing and information gathering software robots are already being used by a number of news organizations and websites. You have almost likely read a piece written by a machine instead of a human if you read news on the Internet. The software will continue to replace more journalist and reporter jobs as it becomes smarter.
Robot surgeons are already doing vital surgeries all over the world, and it is only a matter of time before they entirely replace humanity. In comparison to human doctors, robotic doctors will provide more accurate and effective treatments for patients. There is also a lesser danger of infection due to more sanitary processes and no room for human mistakes.
Autonomous drones are already being used by the US military in order to conduct surveillance and even strike without the need for human participation. As drones become more advanced and capable, they will be able to adapt to numerous businesses, such as replacing pilots of cargo planes used by FedEx, UPS, and other companies. Companies are already exploring replacing their pilot fleets with computer-aided pilots who, if required, might be helped remotely by a few pilots.
Manufacturing and pharmaceutical work
There is no doubt; this is the most common sector where individuals are afraid about AI taking over their work. AI has the potential to handle the operational aspect when the majority of today's commodities manufacturing processes are automated. Robots and scientists may have the capability to create a much safer environment, even in pharmaceutical laboratories. Scientists will no longer be putting their lives in danger.
Although, as compared to proofreading, editing is more challenging in terms of tone, understanding, and other criteria, proofreading is a much easier task. Various applications can quickly identify grammar flaws, phrase construction difficulties, and other mistakes as well. For example, among professionals, Grammarly is one of the most well-known programs for these kinds of work.
Companies are currently developing and implementing systems in order to replace bartenders who serve alcoholic or caffeinated beverages. Robots are replacing baristas in many popular drinks, and they can even learn how to manufacture new cocktails, thanks to services like Briggo.
Many stock trader positions are being displaced as the stock market is inundated with computers that buy and sell equities via the internet. All stock trading was conducted by stock floor traders in the past time. In modern times, computers are capable of controlling the majority of trading.
Automatic sorting devices can now read and sort mail faster, cheaper, and all day, thereby replacing postal workers who used to sort mail.
Auto check-ins will eventually remove the need for receptionists in large and small hotels. Customers may now place orders using communication displays or tablets at fast-food outlets. There's a significant likelihood that AI will enable robots to handle ordering and other related tasks.
Doctors, anesthesiologists, and surgeon robots
High-skilled professions, such as doctors and anesthesiologists, are aided by robots. In certain cases, robots are taking the place of people to perform routine surgeries or duties. In medicine, Watson, an IBM computer, is also replacing people working as it is used to aid physicians in diagnosing and assessing medical data and history. Watson is even contributing in the creation of medical research. Many employment that do the same activities will be displaced as technology becomes smarter and quicker.
Soldiers and guards
In modern times, in order to carry out a variety of operations, multiple militaries are already depending on autonomous and remotely piloted drones. Many militaries are also investigating and developing robots to replace human soldiers on the battlefield. Also, these robots can be used for detecting and attacking enemies, like shoulders, and used to patrol an area, aid soldiers with heavy equipment.
Security guard robots are also being developed by firms to patrol and monitor at the time of night. Knightscope robots, for instance, can hear, see (at all hours of the day and night), and even smell hazards in the region they are patrolling. When these robots detect danger or possible dangers, they may promptly inform people.
Many individuals worked as travel agents before the Internet, aiding consumers in locating, organizing, and reserving the lowest travel fares. Thanks to the Internet and computers, you can now do everything yourself and avoid using a travel agency.
Chefs and cooks
Much of the packaged food that you find in the shop is also prepared by robots, which are replacing the job of people who prepare these foods. Other companies, such as Moley Robotics, are working on robotic arms that may serve as a personal chef in your kitchen. These robots can have the ability to employ your recipes or those of a professional chef.
The military and police use bomb disposal robots to inspect and, if explosives are found, eliminate them without jeopardizing human life. These robots are an example of robots supporting people, but they are not self-contained and must be controlled remotely by a person.
There is a various number of typists and secretaries who typed letters and other papers when computers were not available. In modern times, computers have replaced many professions and developments in voice recognition technology, which allows the users to input with the help of speaking.
For the first phones, a human operator was required on the other end of the line to physically put plugs into other jacks to direct your call to the person with whom you wished to speak. Now, this is a new era, no longer requires a human operator, computer has the potential to handle all switching. Therefore, computers and robots are taking place of human, which led to reduce employment.
Bowling ball pinsetter
Many people are unaware that when pins are knocked down, bowling alleys deploy robots to reset them. In previous times, a person would sit next to the pins after each bowling session, cleaning and resetting the pins.
A person was needed in order to operate the projector in the cinemas when movies were shown in the theatres for the first time. In modern times, this process has been changed, and projects are typically managed either automatically or slightly by any of the theater's staff who are currently working on other tasks; because projectors are digital now.
Home and small garden
Farmbot, a project that can plant the food of your choosing, irrigate it effectively, and eradicate weeds for you as it grows, is one example of how your home garden is getting increasingly automated.
Hotel staff and room service
A few hotels have begun to experiment with the notion of replacing hotel employees, such as receptionists and room service workers, with robots that do the same functions. Many of these vocations, like many others, are being replaced by robots and computers as they become more efficient and widely accepted.
Jobs that cannot be replaced by Robots or computers
There are also various jobs that robots or computers cannot replace; some are as follows:
Human resource managers
The Human Resources department of a corporation will always require a human in order to handle interpersonal problems. Humans have both non-cognitive and cognitive abilities. This task will not be mechanized anytime soon since robots cannot have the potential to human emotions.
Writers must provide fresh written material and come up with new concepts. Each piece of literature is unique in its own right. Humans will never be able to customise in the same manner that machines can. They are unable to communicate with other people. Originality and sensitivity are two attributes that AI will never be able to match.
Knowing how to manipulate the rules in your favor is a requirement of becoming a lawyer. A robot will never be able to determine the precise moment when the proper argument should be delivered to the other side. Because robots lack emotional intelligence, they cannot convince people. A robot is unable to reason with another human being. Robots, on the other hand, can assist in the processing of evidence.
Chief executives are responsible for a wide range of operations. They must inspire and encourage big groups of employees. Every leader possesses a diverse set of leadership abilities. There is no uniform method for training robots, and there is no one-size-fits-all formula for becoming the best leader. Therefore, a robot will never be able to replace this job as it has not the potential to grasp a person's feelings or state of mind.
As compared to a person who does wet-lab experiments, a scientist is much more. No machine can match the infinite hours spent researching and the remarkable capacity to innovate. Scientists can use robots to assist them to examine data, but they cannot evolve or be very creative.
A clergyman must be able to lead his congregation and preach to them. In order to inspire people, he needs emotion, empathy, and faith. It is impossible to teach a robot to inspire trust in other people. However, seeing an AI-enabled priest in the future might be amusing.
Even the world's top scientists and doctors are not completely able to understand how the human brain works. The human mind will never be understood by robots. Robots are unable to exhibit emotions or show concern for people. As a result, having a robot psychiatrist in the near future is a pipe dream.
To bring things together, planners must collaborate and negotiate with others. Planning an event takes both imagination and coordination. Do you think a machine will ever be able to plan and organise its own actions? Definitely not. As a consequence, it's doubtful that robots will take over this job.
Graphic design is a science as well as an art. To comprehend what your client wants, you must have a profound sense of comprehension. Every customer's needs are different, and a machine cannot possibly meet them all. It, like writing, must be one-of-a-kind and fitted to the needs. These abilities, as well as the inventiveness required to operate, are impossible for robots to possess.
Public relations managers
To generate buzz for their customers, PR managers must depend upon a network of ties and contacts. They must gather finances and raise awareness about a problem. People should be able to connect with PR managers in order for them to engage in the campaign. This condition ensures that humanity will be safe in the future.
Even human beings find it difficult to design software. Developing applications or software necessitates a significant amount of time and effort. The product must be produced and refined because each client has different needs. Artificial Intelligence will have a difficult time replicating the work and making it responsive.
The project manager is responsible for managing the project from start to finish. They must communicate with the other project participants on a regular basis and be available at all times. To a large extent, artificial intelligence can assist project managers. It will increase the likelihood of project success. Project managers, on the other hand, are unlikely to be replaced by AI. Robots, on the other hand, will be unable to master activities when schedules are always changing and there is no specific pattern.
Will robots replace humans?
Robots are continually changing, learning, and adapting to their surroundings in current times. Artificial intelligence will, to some extent, have a significant impact on occupations. It's vital to remember, though, that empathy, cognitive thinking, and emotional intelligence are traits that set people apart and make them irreplaceable. When clients have an issue, some prefer to speak with a human agent; something AI will never be able to perform this.
Future-proofing the jobs
Many individuals were doubtful that computers would result in significant job losses when they were first introduced to aid corporate processes. However, it became new categories of jobs emerged and a part of everyday life. Employees, on the other hand, needed to be retrained and adapted to a new work environment.
Artificial Intelligence is projected to bring in a similar technological upheaval (AI). Consequently, the future workforce is projected to alter in the same way. There will be adjustments to the old method of doing things, as well as a new source of employment.
AI-enabled All repetitive, well-structured, and mechanical jobs will be efficiently completed by robots. Machines are incapable of doing the bulk of analytical tasks that need critical thinking. Human resources, on the other hand, will be required to continually enhance their abilities in order to remain relevant.